U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Ambassador Susan Rice, as well as Dr. B.F. (Lee) Hall and Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) released statements commemorating World Malaria Day. The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) also released its 5th Annual Report to Congress.
President’s Malaria Initiative
The Presidentâ€™s Malaria Initiative (PMI) released its fifth annual report providing an overview of the program including successes, challenges, and country specific profiles.
Representative Harold Rogers (R-KY, 5th) introduced the “Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011” (H.R. 1473) authorizing appropriations for the remaining six months of FY 2011 (the first 6 months of FY 2011 were funded under FY 2010 levels). The proposed funding totals for global health (as compared to FY 2010 totals) included in this appropriations bill are provided in the table below.
Note: The appropriations bill (H.R. 1473) includes an across-the-board rescission of 0.2 percent to all discretionary spending; the global health funding totals for FY 11 (H.R. 1473) listed below include this rescission.
Timeline of the bill:
- Introduced and referred to the House Committee on the Budget and the House Committee on Ways and Means on April 11, 2011.
- Passed by the House (260-167) and the Senate (81-19) on April 14, 2011.
- Signed by the President (Public Law No: 112-10) on April 15, 2011.
- Area: Congress, Budget
- Information Type: House Bills
- Organization/Initiative: GHI, PEPFAR, USAID, MCC, FtF, State Dept., USUN, HHS, NIH, DoD, PMI, CDC, USDA, DoL
- Issue/Condition: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Nutrition/Food Security, Water, Family Planning/Reproductive Health, Maternal & Child Health, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), Pandemic Influenza
Senate Appropriations Committee introduces Continuing Resolution for the remainder of FY 2011; includes overall increase in global health funding
The Senate Committee on Appropriations introduced a Continuing Resolution (CR) that would authorize appropriations for the remaining seven months of FY 2011 (the first 5 months of FY 2011 were funded under FY 2010 levels). This legislation would replace the full-year appropriations bill (H.R. 1) that was recently passed by the House on February 19, 2011. Unlike H.R. 1, which proposes to cut global health funding, the Senate CR proposes an overall increase in global health funding (see table below). Additionally, the summary of the CR provided by the Senate Committee on Appropriations categorizes State and Foreign Operations funding as part of National Security.
The White House released the FY 2012 budget request, which included the following funding totals for the U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI) and other global health and related activities:
b>Global Health Initiative (GHI) total: $9.8 billion, including
- $8.7155 billion from State & Foreign Operations Global Health & Child Survival (GHCS) account, and
- Over $1.0693 billion from HHS, DoD, and other State & Foreign Operations accounts.
- PEPFAR: Included in the GHI total is $7.154 billion for PEPFAR of which $1.3 billion is for the Global Fund ($1.0 billion from the State Department and $300 million from HHS).
Additional funding details on the GHI and other global health related accounts:
State and Foreign Operations funding for the global health:
- Global Health & Child Survival (GHCS): $8.7155 billion
- USAID: $3.0736 billion
- Maternal & Child Health: $846.0 million
- Nutrition: $150.0
- Vulnerable Children: $15.0 million
- HIV/AIDS: $350.0 million
- Family Planning/Reproductive Health: $625.6 million
- Malaria: $691.0 million
- Tuberculosis: $236.0 million
- Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): $100.0 million,
- Pandemic Influenza and Other Emerging Threats: $60 million
- Department of State: $5.6419 billion
- HIV/AIDS: $5.6419 billion (includes $1.0 billion for the Global Fund)
Millennium Challenge Corporation: $1.125 billion
- Health and Human Services (HHS) funding for global health:
- National Institutes of Health (NIH):
- HIV/AIDS Research: $489.4 million
- Malaria Research: $110.2 million
- Global Fund: $300.0 million
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ($ total): $381.2 million
- Global AIDS Program: $118.0 million
- Global Immunization Program: $163.6 million
- Global Disease Detection & Emergency Response: $44.2 million
- Parasitic Diseases & Malaria: $19.6 million
- Malaria: $9.2 million
- Global Public Health Capacity Development: $35.8 million
- National Institutes of Health (NIH):
- Fogarty International: $71.3 million
- Area: Administration, Budget
- Information Type: Reports & Factsheets
- Organization/Initiative: GHI, PEPFAR, USAID, MCC, State Dept., White House, The Global Fund, PMI
- Issue/Condition: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Women & Girls, Nutrition/Food Security, Family Planning/Reproductive Health, Maternal & Child Health, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), Pandemic Influenza
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) released the FY 2011 Operational Plans for each of the 17 focus countries. PMI operational plans provide an overview of current malaria control and prevention efforts, identify challenges to meeting PMI goals, and summarize FY 2011 planned activities.
During remarks at the opening plenary panel of the 27th UNAIDS Program Coordinating Board Meeting titled “Food and Nutrition Security and HIV,” Ambassador William Garvelink, Assistant to the Administrator, Bureau for Food Security, USAID and Deputy Coordinator for Development, Feed the Future, highlighted the “links between food security, nutrition and HIV/AIDS” and discussed the U.S. role in addressing these issues through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Global Health Initiative (GHI), and Feed the Future (FtF). Ambassador Garvelink also discussed the need to “focus on women to achieve lasting, measureable results.”
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) announced that the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has joined as the 16th focus country in the initiative’s efforts to combat malaria.
Administration official discusses U.S. commitments in support of United Nations efforts aimed at addressing malaria and other development issues in Africa
Ambassador Rick Barton, U.S. Representative to the U.N. Economic and Social Council, commented on, among other things, reports by the U.N. Secretary General on the Decade to Roll Back Malaria, and monitoring mechanisms for Africaâ€™s Development. In his remarks, Ambassador Barton summarized U.S. efforts to address malaria through the Presidentâ€™s Malaria Initiative (PMI) and the Global Health Initiative (GHI) and highlighted U.S. efforts to focus on outputs rather than inputs stating that the U.S. â€œwelcome(s) the UNâ€™s efforts improve monitoring mechanisms for Africaâ€™s development and its focus on results rather than inputs.â€
The fact sheet provides an overview of official development assistance (ODA) provided by the United States in 2009 including funding amounts by relevant U.S. agencies and departments and summary information of assistance provided for specific programmatic sectors such as: Global Health; Food Security, Agriculture and Nutrition; and Water Supply and Sanitation.