President Barack Obama provided remarks at a World AIDS Day event hosted by ONE and (RED) at the George Washington University and issued a presidential proclamation to commemorate World AIDS Day. During his remarks, President Obama announced new treatment and prevention goals of “providing anti-retroviral drugs to more than 1.5 million HIV-positive pregnant women over the next two years . . . [and] helping 6 million people get treatment by the end of 2013” – an increase of 2 million over the prior target, and called on countries to fulfill their commitments to The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
The White House also released a fact sheet titled “The Beginning of the End of AIDS” summarizing efforts to combat HIV/AIDS through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
Statement from HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius on World AIDS Day. Secretary Sebelius also announced the appointment of Nancy Mahon, Executive Director of the MAC AIDS Fund, as the Chair of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA).
Statement by National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director Dr. Francis Collins, NIH Office of AIDS Research Dr. Jack Whitescarver, and NIAID Director Dr. Anthony Fauci.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID):
USAID Administrator Shah writes USAID Impact Blog post titled “World AIDS Day: New Advances Are Critical to Achieving the Vision of an AIDS-free Generation”.
UPDATE: The President signed the bill into law (Public Law #112-74) on December 23, 2011 after the Conference Agreement passed the House (296-121) on December 16, 2011 and the Senate (67-32) on December 17, 2011. Additionally, the Senate voted against (43-56) a resolution (H.Con.Res. 94) that would have applied a 1.83% across-the-board rescission to all FY 2012 appropriations except the Department of Defense (DoD), Military Construction, and Veterans Affairs.
Representative Hal Rogers (R-KY, 5th; Chairman House Committee on Appropriations) released a statement announcing that a joint House-Senate Conference Committee had reached agreement on final FY 2012 Appropriations legislation (H.R. 2055), which includes funding for global health programs through the State Department, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Department of Defense (DoD). While total funding for the Global Health Initiative (GHI) is not yet available, the appropriations detailed in this agreement totaled $8.3 billion.
Directs that no FY 2012 global health funds may be used for needle exchange programs;
Includes additional Congressional oversight before the Administration makes a multi-year funding pledge;
Requires the Administration to report back to Congress with an analysis of the potential costs/savings of transitioning the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) into USAID; and
Requires the Administration to report back to Congress with an analysis of transitioning the leadership of the Global Health Initiative (GHI) to USAID as outlined in the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR).
Global health appropriations as provided in the Conference Report (House Report 112-331) and Joint Statement of Managers are summarized as follows:
Representative Hal Rogers (R-KY, 5th; Chairman House Committee on Appropriations) introduced the “Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012” (H.R. 3671), which includes funding for global health programs through the State Department, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Chairman Rogers also introduced a resolution (H.Con.Res. 94) that would apply a 1.83% across the board rescission to all FY 2012 appropriations except the Department of Defense (DoD), Military Construction, and Veterans Affairs.
“Directs that no HIV/AIDS funding be provided for needle exchange programs”;
“Requires additional congressional oversight before the Administration makes public announcements of multi-year funding pledges”;
Requires that the Administration report back to Congress with an analysis of the potential costs (including savings and increases) of transitioning the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) into USAID; and
Requires that the Administration report back to Congress with an analysis of transitioning the leadership of the Global Health Initiative (GHI) to USAID as outlined in the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR).
Global health appropriations included in the bill are as follows:
Department / Agency
Part of the GHI*
FY11 Enacted (millions)
FY12 Request (millions)
FY12 House Bill (H.R. 3671) (millions)**
House – FY11
House – Request
State & Foreign Operations
of which GF
of which UNFPA
Water (all acounts)
Health and Human Services (HHS)
CDC Global Health
of which HIV
NIH – Global Fund
NIH – Fogarty International Center
Department of Defense (DoD)
The Global Health Initiative
Total GHI (known amounts)****
*GHI: U.S. Global Health Initiative.
**The FY 2012 Consolidated Appropriations Act included an across-the-board 0.189% rescission to all funding provided through the Labor-HHS portion of the bill.
***The FY 2012 Consolidated Appropriations Act states that “not less than $575,000,000 should be made available for family planning/reproductive health” through all bilateral accounts, but does not delineate this amount by account. UNFPA funding is in addition to the bilateral funding and is provided through the International Organizations and Programs (IO&P) account.
****Total funding for the GHI is not currently available as some funding provided through SFOPS, HHS, and DoD were not delineated in the FY 2012 appropriations bills.
From the report: “On August 9, 2009, the White House charged the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in coordination with the Office of the Director for National Intelligence (ODNI) and the Department of State (DoS) to study characteristics and impact of the 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) (refer to as 2009 H1N1) outbreak in the Southern Hemisphere” in order “to assist the U.S. Government in its preparedness efforts.”
In an effort “to stop the global spread of the pandemic 2009-H1N1 influenza virus,” President Obama announced that the United States “is prepared to make 10 percent of its H1N1 vaccine supply available to other countries” that would “not otherwise have direct access to the vaccine.” The U.S. will provide the vaccines through the World Health Organization (WHO) as they become available.
As a result of the proposed removal of HIV from the list of diseases that are designated as a “communicable disease of public health significance,” U.S. Customs and Immigrations Services (USCIS) sent a memo to officers directing them “to hold in abeyance any waiver application and associated benefit request (such as adjustment of status or refugee), which would be denied under current law, if the only ground of inadmissibility is that the applicant has been diagnosed with HIV infection.”
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the Fogarty International Center, both of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), join similar agencies from Australia, Canada, China, and the U.K. to create the Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD), â€œthe first collaboration of major research funding agencies to address the specific needs of chronic noncommunicable diseases.â€ The GACD â€œplans to facilitate collaborative funding activities for innovative, original research directed at the prevention and treatment of chronic diseasesâ€ and will focus â€œon the needs of low and middle income countries, and on those of low income populations of more developed countries.â€
This report is an update to the May 26th report, “The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) ‘Swine Flu’ Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases,” which provides an overview of the U.S. role in the global response to the H1N1 influenza outbreak highlighting efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Agency for International Development, and summarizing potential issues for future consideration.