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GAO Report – Global Food Security: U.S. Agencies Progressing on Governmentwide Strategy, but Approach Faces Several Vulnerabilities

For this report, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) “examined (1) the types and funding of food security programs and activities of relevant U.S. government agencies; and (2) progress in developing an integrated U.S. governmentwide strategy to address global food insecurity as well as potential vulnerabilities of that strategy.”

Based on its analysis, the GAO provided two recommendations to the Secretary of State to improve U.S. global food security efforts: “(1) develop an operational definition of food security that is accepted by all U.S. agencies, establish a methodology for consistently reporting comprehensive data across agencies, and periodically inventory agencies’ food security-related programs and funding; and (2) collaborate with other agency heads to finalize a governmentwide strategy that delineates measures to mitigate the risks associated with the host country-led approach.”

H.Res. 1160 – Calling for the establishment of a Haiti Marshall Plan Committee to coordinate aid and development initiatives . . . in response to the earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, 2010

The resolution states that the House of Representatives “calls for the establishment of a Haiti Marshall Plan Committee to include representatives from the Department of the Treasury, the Department of Defense, the Department of State, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and selected members of civil society to develop and propose a coordinated strategy for the recovery and reconstruction of Haiti that prevents the duplication of effort and uses all available resources”

White House releases FY 2011 Budget

The White House released the FY 2011 budget request, which included the following funding totals for the U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI) and other global health and related activities:

Global Health Initiative (GHI) total: $9.572 billion, including

- $8.513 billion from State & Foreign Operations Global Health & Child Survival (GHCS) account, and

- $1.059 billion from HHS, DoD, and other State & Foreign Operations accounts.

- PEPFAR: Included in the GHI total is $6.990 billion for PEPFAR of which $1 billion is for the Global Fund ($700 million from the State Department and $300 million from HHS).

Additional funding details on the GHI and other global health related accounts:

State and Foreign Operations funding for global health:

- Global Health & Child Survival (GHCS): $8.513 billion
– USAID: $3.013 billion
– Maternal Health & Child Health/Nutrition: $900.0 million
– Maternal & Child Health: $700.0 million

- Nutrition: $200.0
– Vulnerable Children: $15.0 million

- HIV/AIDS: $350.0 million

- Family Planning/Reproductive Health: $590.0 million

- Other Infectious Diseases: $1,158.0 million, which includes
– Malaria: $680.0 million,

- Tuberculosis: $230.0 million ,

- Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): $155.0 million,

- Pandemic Influenza and Other Emerging Threats: $75 million, and

- Other Public Health Threats: $18 million.
– Department of State: $5.500 billion
– HIV/AIDS: $5.500 billion (includes $700 million for the Global Fund)
– Millennium Challenge Corporation: $1.280 billion

Health and Human Services funding for global health:

- CDC ($351.9 total):
– Global AIDS Program: $118.1 million

- Global Immunization Program: $152.8 million

- Global Disease Detection: $37.8 million

- Global Malaria Program: $9.2 million

- Other Global Health: $35.1 million
– Global Fund: $300.0 million

- Fogarty International: $73.0 million

Statements by Administration Officials on World AIDS Day

Senior Administration Officials Discuss Obama Administration Efforts on HIV/AIDS (Event):

In an event on the eve of World AIDS Day, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius, Ambassador Eric Goosby, Director of the White House Office of National AIDS Policy Jeffrey Crowley, and Senior Advisor and Assistant to the President Valerie Jarrett discussed the Administration’s efforts to address HIV/AIDS. Among other things, Secretary Clinton announced that “Ambassador Goosby will present the five-year strategy for the future of PEPFAR” later this week and that “the International AIDS Society will hold the 2012 International AIDS Conference in Washington, D.C.”

Ambassador Goosby blog post:

In a blog post, Ambassador Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, in the context of World AIDS Day, discusses the privilege of hosting the 2012 International AIDS Conference as well as the importance of lifting the HIV entry ban.

USAID Statement:

Alonzo Fulgham, Acting Administrator of USAID, released a statement outlining USAID’s commitment to address HIV/AIDS and summarized its role “as a major partner in the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).”

DoD Statement:

Dr. Richard Shaffer, Executive Director of the DoD HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, stated that “DoD is proud to be ‘Working Together’ with our interagency colleagues, including Department of State and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). On World AIDS Day 2009, we recommit ourselves to furthering our achievements and look forward to continuing the fight.”

NIH Statement:

In a statement released on World AIDS Day, Dr. Francis Collins, Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), said that NIH was “committed to harnessing the breadth of expertise across the NIH to continue to lead the world’s effort to finding solutions to this pandemic.”

Peace Corps Statement:

The Peace Corps released a statement summarizing its commitment and efforts to address the impacts of HIV/AIDS.

Secretary Clinton announces plan to conduct a Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review

During town hall meetings at both the State Department and USAID, Secretary of State Clinton announced a plan to conduct a Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR). Secretary Clinton stated that the QDDR will help “the Department and USAID to get ahead of emerging threats and opportunities and to make the case effectively for OMB, the Congress, and the people of our country for the resources we need.” Secretary Clinton also stated that the QDDR will provide the State Department and USAID “with a comprehensive assessment for organizational reform and improvements to our policy, strategy, and planning processes” and is “central to effective coordination between the State Department and USAID.”

State Department Releases Fact Sheet on “The U.S. Commitment to Development”

The State Department released a fact sheet titled “The U.S. Commitment to Development” that summarizes the U.S. commitment “to helping the world’s poor through a broad variety of mechanisms.” The fact sheet provides an overview of existing U.S. development programs and initiatives, such as the Millennium Challenge Account and the President’s Global Health Initiative, as well as U.S. involvement in specific issue areas, such as food security, water, and sanitation issues.

CRS Report – The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) “Swine Flu” Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

This report is an update to the May 26th report, “The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) ‘Swine Flu’ Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases,” which provides an overview of the U.S. role in the global response to the H1N1 influenza outbreak highlighting efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Agency for International Development, and summarizing potential issues for future consideration.

CRS Report – The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) “Swine Flu” Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

This report provides an overview of the U.S. role in the global response to the H1N1 influenza outbreak. The report highlights efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Agency for International Development and summarizes potential issues for future consideration.

Senator John Kerry discusses U.S. Diplomacy and Development

In a speech at the Brookings Institution titled “Diplomacy and Development in the 21st Century: A Conversation with Senator John Kerry,” Senator Kerry summarized his views on the current state of U.S. diplomatic and development institutions and suggested a number of reforms that would “strengthen our civilian institutions to adequately address the challenges of the 21st century.” Some of these reforms include:

- Increasing resources, personnel and training;

- Improving coordination of U.S. foreign assistance programs;

- Clarifying the policies and goals of U.S. foreign assistance;

- Reauthorizing the Foreign Assistance Act; and

- Rebalancing the decision-making process between Washington and the field.

Senator Kerry also announced that he would be “introducing two pieces of legislation: a Foreign Affairs Authorization Act that will authorize the State Department and related accounts, and an initial foreign aid reform bill.”