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Congressional Research Service

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CRS Report – A New United Nations Entity for Women: Issues for Congress

In September 2009, United Nations (UN) member states, including the United States, adopted a resolution supporting the creation of a new UN entity focused on women’s issues that would consolidate the efforts of 4 existing entities at the UN. Among other things, this report “analyzes U.S. policy toward the new entity, including its possible role in U.S. foreign policy and the level and extent of U.S. financial contributions to existing U.N. system gender entities.”

CRS Report – Foreign Aid: International Donor Coordination of Development Assistance

The report provides a summary of official development assistance (ODA), “discusses coordination goals established by donors at high-level development policy forums, and provides an overview of U.S. efforts to meet these goals. The report concludes by identifying key issues in donor coordination of development
assistance, with an emphasis on the U.S. perspective.”

CRS Report – Foreign Aid Reform, National Strategy, and the Quadrennial Review

The report provides an overview of ongoing efforts in both Congress and the Administration to reform U.S. foreign assistance programs. Items reviewed in the report include:

- S. 1524, the Foreign Assistance Revitalization and Accountability Act of 2009;

- H.R. 2139, Initiating Foreign Assistance Reform Act of 2009;

- H.R. 2387, Strategy and Effectiveness of Foreign Policy and Assistance Act of 2009;

- The Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR); and

- The Presidential Study Directive on U.S. Global Development Policy (PSD).

CRS Report – International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

This report provides an overview of U.S. food aid programs and highlights specific issues for Congress including “improving aid effectiveness; developing “demand-driven” strategies that take into account the recipient country’s needs and strategic plans for food security; determining the best form for providing food aid and assistance, whether in the form of cash or commodities; . . . and determining the cost-effectiveness of U.S. cargo preferences for delivering U.S. food aid.”

CRS Report – State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

From the report summary: “This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434), and passage of H.R. 3288, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, signed into law Dec. 16, 2009 (P.L. 111-117).”

CRS Report – State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

From the report summary: “This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434), and passage of H.R. 3288, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, signed into law December 16, 2009 (P.L. 111-117).

CRS Report – The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: An Overview

The report summarizes “key events in the H1N1 pandemic response, followed by information about select federal emergency management authorities and actions taken by DHS, HHS, and state and local authorities. It then lists congressional hearings held to day; discusses appropriations and funding for pandemic flu preparedness and response activities; summarizes U.S. government pandemic flu planning documents; and lists sources for additional information.”