The bill would create an â€œOffice of Waterâ€ at USAID headed by a â€œDirector for Safe Water and Sanitationâ€ with the responsibility of implementing the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-121) and meeting the goal of providing 100 million people with safe water and sanitation by 2015. The bill also creates the position of â€œSpecial Coordinator for International Waterâ€ at the State Department with the responsibility of coordinating U.S. diplomatic policy in relation to other international issues. The bill authorizes appropriations in the amount that â€œmay be necessary to carry out this Act.â€
The bill would authorize â€œexisting United States Government programs, implementing authorities, and organizationsâ€ to improve â€œhealth and other basic quality of life indicators for residents of slumsâ€ by providing for â€œaffordable housing and sustainable urban development in developing countriesâ€ including access to clean water and improved sanitation.
The U.S. government sent representatives from 10 different agencies to the World Water Forum in Istanbul, Turkey in order to discuss global water and sanitation issues.
H.Res. 238 – Recognizing the threat to international security and basic human dignity posed by the catastrophic decline of economic, humanitarian, and human rights conditions in the Republic of Zimbabwe
Among other things, this resolution recognizes the health risks that have resulted from poor water condition and sanitary conditions, increases in outbreaks of infectious diseases, increased rates of malnutrition, and a general decline in the health system. The resolution “urges all responsible nations to join the United States in providing urgently needed humanitarian relief to the Zimbabwean people . . . with particular emphasis on food, clean water, and basic sanitation.”