The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report titled “Ensuring Drug Quality in Global Health Programs”, which “examined (1) the regulatory and policy requirements intended to ensure the quality of drugs procured with U.S. aid funds and (2) the systems in place to monitor drug quality in supply chains used by programs receiving U.S. foreign aid funds.” The GAO did not make any recommendations in this report.
Administration actions and statements commemorating World TB Day (March 24, 2012):
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID):
- IMPACTblog post titled “Our Continued Common Struggle – World Tuberculosis Day 2012“
- IMPACTblog post titled “Living with Tuberculosis: A Personal Note“
- IMPACTblog post titled “An Excellent ‘Xpert’ Diagnostic Test for Tuberculosis Infection“
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health (NIH):
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
- Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR): “World TB Day – March 24, 2012“
Representative Eliot Engel (D-NY, 17th) introduced a resolution (H.Res. 594) titled “Commending the progress made by anti-tuberculosis programs”, which states, among other things, that the House of Representatives “supports the goals of World TB Day to raise awareness about tuberculosis” and “reaffirms its commitment to global tuberculosis control made through the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008.”
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) released a report titled “Developing and Strengthening the Global Supply Chain for Second-Line Drugs for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis – Workshop Summary.” The workshop was held on July 31 – August 1, 2012 “to explore options and opportunities to improve the effectiveness of the global [second-line drug] (SLD) supply chain in delivering drugs to patients.”
Representative Howard Berman (D-CA, 28th) introduced the “Global Partnership Act of 2012” (H.R. 6644). According to a press release from Representative Berman, the bill would reform the U.S. foreign aid system and replace “both the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, which covers economic, and development assistance, and the Arms Export Control Act, which deals with arms sales and military aid” The proposed bill includes specific sections addressing maternal and child health, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, neglected tropical diseases, family planning and reproductive health, noncommunicable diseases, water, and food security.
- Area: Congress
- Information Type: House Bills
- Organization/Initiative: USAID, State Dept.
- Issue/Condition: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Nutrition/Food Security, Foreign Aid Reform, Water, Family Planning/Reproductive Health, Maternal & Child Health, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs)
As part of the Third Replenishment of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria the Obama Administration announced a 3-year, $4 billion (FY11-FY13) pledge and a “Call to Action” to the Global Fund aimed at “develop[ing] and implement[ing] a set of reforms to maximize the impact of Global Fund grants.” Additionally, a press release from the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) on the new commitment and “Call to Action” states that future U.S. contributions to the Global Fund would be based on a “review of: 1) measurable progress in delivering on an action agenda for improved grant impact, 2) maintaining the Global Fundâ€™s focus on combating the three diseases, and 3) continued financial support from other donors.”
The Administration released “Implementation of the Global Health Initiative: Consultation Document,” which includes specific goals and targets, core principles, and an operational plan for the Global Health Initiative (GHI).
- Area: Administration
- Information Type: Reports & Factsheets
- Organization/Initiative: GHI, PEPFAR, USAID, FtF, State Dept., The Global Fund, PMI
- Issue/Condition: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Women & Girls, Nutrition/Food Security, Water, Family Planning/Reproductive Health, Maternal & Child Health, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), Health System Strengthening (HSS)
The Senate Committee on Appropriations released the text of the FY 2011 Omnibus Act with the following funding levels:
Total Funding for State & Foreign Operations: $53.5 billion ($3.1 billion below the Presidentâ€™s FY11 request; $4.7 billion above the FY10 enacted level)
Global Health and Child Survival Account (GHCS): $8.22 billion ($291 million below the Presidentâ€™s request; $443 million above the FY10 enacted level) with funding for specific areas is as follows:
- Maternal and Child Health: $761 million
- Family Planning and Reproductive Health: $710 million which includes funding from multiple accounts and provides $57.5 million to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
- HIV/AIDS activities and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: $5.85 billion:
- HIV/AIDS: $5.025 billion
- Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria contribution: $825 million (Note: An additional $300 million is appropriated for the Global Fund through the Department of Health and Human Services bringing total FY11 contribution to $1.125 billion.)
Millennium Challenge Corporation: $1.10 billion ($174.7 million below the Presidentâ€™s FY11 request; equal to the FY10 enacted level)
Food Security and Agricultural Development: $1.4 billion ($244 million below the Presidentâ€™s FY11 request)
In a speech titled “Global Health and Foreign Policy,” U.S. Representative to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Ambassador Rick Barton discussed the core principles of the Global Health Initiative (GHI) and stated “health is at the heart of the Millennium Development Goals [MDGs], and is essential to progress on poverty eradication, socio-economic development, primary education for all, gender equality, and partnering for development.”
The resolution states that â€œthe Senate supports the goals and ideals of the Year of the Lung,â€ which includes efforts to combat global tuberculosis and other lung-related diseases.
Timeline of the Bill:
- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions on March 3, 2010.
- Passed by unanimous consent in the Senate on December 22, 2010.