The bill directs the Administrator of USAID to establish an “Office of Volunteers for Prosperity” that will fund and oversee a fellowship program aimed at creating volunteering opportunities abroad. Fellowships would be award to individuals working on projects that address a variety of challenges facing developing countries including: “reducing child mortality and improving maternal health, providing medical and dental health care and prevention, and combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other infectious diseases.” The bill authorizes $15 million per year from 2010 to 2012.
Maternal & Child Health
As part of the Omnibus Appropriations Act, the Department of State will contribute $50 million to the United Nations Population Fund in 2009.
The resolution calls on the President to continue efforts to address the threat of international terrorism and protect international security by reducing nuclear weapons. The savings that would result from this reduction should be directed to child health, food, and education programs in the worldâ€™s most need countries including $5 billion over five years for the â€œimplementation of integrated packages of high impact and low-cost health and nutrition interventions at the community levelâ€ and an additional $1.5 billion annually over five years â€œtargeted at reducing the incidence of child hunger and increasing child nutrition and educational opportunitiesâ€ through Food for Peace and the George McGovern-Robert Dole International Food for education and Child Nutrition Program.
The proposed bill would establish the “Health Technology Program” within USAID to “develop, advance, and introduce affordable, available, and appropriate technologies specifically designed: a) to improve the health and nutrition of developing country populations; b) to reduce maternal and child mortality; and c) to improve the diagnosis, prevention and reduction of disease, especially HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other major diseases.” The bill requires that program funding be provided by USAID on a competitive basis and that the USAID Administrator provide an annual report to Congress on the progress and outlook of the program. Finally, the bill authorizes the appropriation of $5 million for each of the fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
USAID releases “Report to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID, An Updated on the Five Year Strategy, 2006-2010″
USAID released â€œReport to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID, An Updated on the Five Year Strategy, 2006-2010.â€ The report provides an update on USAIDâ€™s â€œstrategy for using research funds to stimulate the development and introduction of key productsâ€ and highlights research in the following areas: maternal and newborn health; child, environmental, and urban health; nutrition; reproductive health and family planning; HIV/AIDS; malaria; tuberculosis; and health systems strengthening.
Statement by U.S. Representative at Annual United Nations Development Programme and United Nations Population Fund Joint Executive Board Meeting
In a statement at the annual joint Executive Board meeting of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA), Rosemary A. DiCarlo, U.S. Alternate Representative for Special Political Affairs stated that “the United States looks to UNFPA as a key partner in our efforts to increase worldwide access to reproductive health and family planning” and that the U.S. “will work to integrate women-focused interventions among our health programs and link maternal health, voluntary family planning, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and other health services.”
USAID contributed $75 million to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) “to improve and expand children’s immunization programs in developing countries.” In its press release, USAID characterized the contribution as “part of the overall U.S. commitment to global health and the new global health initiative, a 6-year, $63 billion dollar effort announced by President Obama in May.”
President Obama announces new efforts to address polio globally and promote child and maternal health in Muslim communities
During a speech at Cairo University, President Obama announced “a new global effort with the Organization of the Islamic Conference to eradicate polio.” The President also stated that his administration would “expand partnerships with Muslim communities to promote child and maternal health.”
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) released a report titled “Decades of Progress: USAID’s Child Survival and Maternal Health Program” summarizing USAID’s efforts and approach towards improving child and maternal health globally.
Remarks by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on U.S. global health policy before the 2009 HIV/AIDS Implementers’ Meeting
Secretary Clinton discussed U.S. global health policy under the new Administration, including President Obama’s Global Health Initiative, during videotaped remarks for the 2009 HIV/AIDS Implementers’ Meeting.