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Women’s Health Policy

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Women’s Health Insurance Coverage

This fact sheet provides updated statistics on health coverage and describes the major sources of health insurance for non-elderly adult women ages 18–64, including employer-sponsored or job-based coverage, Medicaid, insurance in the individual market, and Medicare. It also provides data on the 12.8 million women who are uninsured, and summarizes the major implications of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) for women and their health coverage.

Round 2 on the Legal Challenges to Contraceptive Coverage: Are Nonprofits “Substantially Burdened” by the “Accommodation”?

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires most private health insurance plans to provide coverage for a broad range of preventive services including Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved prescription contraceptives and services for women. Since the implementation of the ACA contraceptive coverage requirement in 2012, over 200 corporations have filed lawsuits claiming that including coverage for contraceptives or opting for an “accommodation” from the federal government violates their religious beliefs. This brief explains the legal issues raised by the nonprofit litigation and discusses the impact of the Hobby Lobby decision on the current litigation.

Summary of HHS’s Proposed Rule on Nondiscrimination in Health Programs and Activities

On September 8, 2015, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) proposed regulations to implement Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which prohibits discrimination in health coverage and care based on race, color, national origin, age or disability, and, for the first time sex. This Issue Brief provides a technical summary of Section 1557 and the proposed rule and highlights new protections and provisions included in the law and rule . Notably, Section 1557 is the first federal civil rights law to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex in health care. Moreover, the proposed rule extends the definition of sex discrimination to include discrimination on the basis of gender identity (but does not explicitly include sexual orientation). In addition, the proposed rule establishes regulations related to the provision of language assistance services based on long-standing HHS policy guidance. This brief does not assess the implications of the proposed rule.

Women’s Health Issues: Medicaid and Women’s Health Coverage Two Years into the Affordable Care Act

As Medicaid marks its 50th year, the program has unquestionably become the mainstay of health coverage for low-income women in the nation. Since its inception, its role for women has continued to evolve and expand, but the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) swung open the doors for Medicaid to serve even more low-income women who lack access to private or employer-based insurance. This is because the ACA enabled states to finally eliminate Medicaid’s historical “categorical” requirements, which had essentially shut out women and men without dependent children.

New Tracker Monitors Affordable Care Act Preventive Services Coverage

The Affordable Care Act requires private insurance plans to cover recommended preventive services with no out-of-pocket charges for patients. This slate of covered services can change when the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and other authorized groups add or modify recommendations; the federal government also periodically issues clarifications to guide…

Preventive Services Tracker

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires new private health insurance plans to cover many recommended preventive services without any patient cost-sharing. This tracker presents up-to-date information on the adult preventive services nongrandfathered private plans must cover, by condition, including a summary of the recommendation, the target population, the effective date of coverage, and related federal coverage clarifications.

The HPV Vaccine: Access and Use in the U.S.

The Food and Drug Administration(FDA) has approved three vaccines against infection by certain strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Initially, the vaccines were recommended only for girls and young women, but in 2011 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) broadened the recommendations to include boys and young men. This fact sheet discusses HPV and cancers related to the virus, such as cervical cancer, throat cancer and anal cancer. It also discusses use of the HPV vaccines for both females and males, and insurance coverage and access to the vaccines.

Preventive Services Covered by Private Health Plans under the Affordable Care Act

This fact sheet, Preventive Services Covered by Private Health Plans under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), examines the types of preventive services or benefits that must be covered without cost sharing for adults and children. The fact sheet explores the rules and challenges of implementing coverage, as well as the application of reasonable medical management, and it outlines steps the government has taken to address these issues.

How Does Where You Work Affect Your Contraceptive Coverage?

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires most private health insurance plans to provide coverage for a broad range of preventive services including FDA approved prescription contraceptives and services for women. Legal challenges and recently issued rules have affected contraceptive coverage for many women.