This issue brief draws on features of the various existing Medicaid home and community-based services (HCBS) programs to identify key policy questions raised by initiatives to streamline Medicaid HCBS, ameliorate institutional bias, and improve administrative simplification.
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This report describes state variation in financial eligibility criteria and adoption of different options in the major Medicaid state plan eligibility pathways related to age and disability based on a 50-state survey. It also discusses how the Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid expansion affects eligibility for people with disabilities, describes optional state take-up of the ACA’s streamlined eligibility renewal procedures for age and disability-related pathways to date, and identifies issues to watch related to state policy changes in these areas.
This 10-question quiz tests knowledge of Medicaid and long-term care.
This primer provides an overview of the delivery and financing of institutional and community-based long-term services and supports in the United States, highlighting Medicaid’s key role in providing care, quality measurement and evaluation, and recent national reform efforts.
This report summarizes the key participation and spending trends in 2012 for the three main Medicaid Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) programs – (1) the mandatory home health services state plan benefit, (2) the optional personal care services state plan benefit, and (3) optional § 1915(c) HCBS waiver services. Also highlighted are 2014 state eligibility, enrollment, and provider reimbursement policies.
Lessons Learned from Eight Years of Supporting Institutional to Community Transitions Through Medicaid’s Money Follows the Person Demonstration
Since 2008, the Kaiser Family Foundation’s Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured has periodically surveyed state Money Follows the Person (MFP) programs, conducted state case studies, and profiled the experiences of individual MFP beneficiaries. Based on the information and data collected in our six surveys, we identify some lessons learned from MFP that could inform future Medicaid long-term services and supports rebalancing policies.
This brief profiles five Medicaid long-term services and supports beneficiaries who transitioned back to the community as participants in the Money Follows the Person demonstration program in Colorado, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Texas.
The Money Follows the Person (MFP) demonstration provides enhanced federal matching funds, allowing states to better support Medicaid long-term services and supports beneficiaries in transitioning from institutions back to the community. This report highlights 2015 MFP enrollment and spending trends and services and supports offered across state MFP demonstrations.
Serving Low-Income Seniors Where They Live: Medicaid’s Role in Providing Community-Based Long-Term Services and Supports
Using the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), this brief first examines the need for long-term services and supports (LTSS) among seniors living in the community. It then studies health status, mobility limitations, and housing characteristics of seniors living in the community with an LTSS need.
Long-term care (LTC) in the United States has evolved over the course of the last century to better serve the needs of seniors and person with disabilities. This long-term care timeline outlines the major milestones in LTC from the nursing home era, which created an institutional bias in LTC, to the era of home and community based services (HCBS) and integration, and into the era of health reform and beyond.