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Health Coverage and Care in the South in 2014 and Beyond

 Appendix Table 1: Population and Distribution  by Region and State
Total White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander Other Race/ Ethnicity All People of Color
UNITED STATES  309,044,000 63% 12% 17% 5% 3% 37%
NORTHEAST  55,014,000 68% 11% 13% 6% 1% 32%
Connecticut  3,515,000 72% 9% 12% 5% 1% 28%
Maine  1,328,000 95% 1% 1% 1% 3% 5%
Massachusetts  6,542,000 75% 6% 11% 7% 1% 25%
New Hampshire  1,304,000 93% 1% 3% 2% 1% 7%
New Jersey  8,676,000 59% 12% 20% 8% 1% 41%
New York  19,308,000 57% 14% 18% 9% 2% 43%
Pennsylvania  12,693,000 80% 11% 6% 2% 2% 20%
Rhode Island  1,033,000 76% 6% 13% 3% 2% 24%
Vermont  615,000 94% 1% 1% 1% 2% 6%
MIDWEST  66,147,000 77% 10% 7% 3% 2% 32%
Illinois  12,704,000 63% 14% 16% 5% 2% 37%
Indiana  6,340,000 82% 9% 5% 1% 2% 18%
Iowa  3,017,000 86% 3% 6% 2% 2% 14%
Kansas  2,796,000 78% 6% 10% 3% 4% 22%
Michigan  9,714,000 77% 14% 4% 3% 2% 23%
Minnesota  5,314,000 83% 5% 5% 5% 2% 17%
Missouri  5,924,000 81% 11% 3% 2% 4% 19%
Nebraska  1,834,000 79% 4% 11% 3% 3% 21%
North Dakota  679,000 84% 1% 3% 1% 11% 16%
Ohio  11,349,000 81% 12% 4% 2% 2% 19%
South Dakota  815,000 84% 1% 4%  – 10% 16%
Wisconsin  5,661,000 83% 5% 7% 2% 3% 17%
WEST  72,769,000 52% 4% 30% 10% 4% 48%
Alaska  697,000 67% 2% 8% 9% 15% 33%
Arizona  6,579,000 54% 4% 34% 3% 4% 46%
California  37,722,000 40% 6% 39% 13% 2% 60%
Colorado  5,076,000 71% 4% 20% 3% 2% 29%
Hawaii  1,327,000 18% 1% 11% 52% 18% 82%
Idaho  1,580,000 82%  – 13% 2% 2% 18%
Montana  990,000 89%  – 3%  – 7% 11%
Nevada  2,703,000 51% 8% 27% 9% 4% 49%
New Mexico  2,048,000 42% 1% 45% 3% 9% 58%
Oregon  3,863,000 78% 2% 11% 5% 4% 22%
Utah  2,822,000 81% 1% 12% 3% 2% 19%
Washington  6,794,000 71% 3% 11% 10% 6% 29%
Wyoming  568,000 86%  – 9%  – 4% 14%
SOUTH  115,113,000 59% 19% 17% 3% 3% 41%
Alabama  4,776,000 67% 26% 4% 1% 2% 33%
Arkansas  2,906,000 75% 15% 5% 3% 2% 25%
Delaware  899,000 65% 20% 10% 4% 2% 35%
District of Columbia  625,000 36% 48% 10% 4% 1% 64%
Florida  19,045,000 58% 15% 22% 3% 2% 42%
Georgia  9,620,000 56% 30% 8% 4% 2% 44%
Kentucky  4,315,000 85% 7% 4% 1% 2% 15%
Louisiana  4,478,000 62% 31% 4%  –  – 38%
Maryland  5,832,000 53% 28% 9% 7% 2% 47%
Mississippi  2,907,000 58% 37% 2%  –  – 42%
North Carolina  9,523,000 63% 21% 8% 3% 4% 37%
Oklahoma  3,727,000 65% 7% 8% 1% 19% 35%
South Carolina  4,629,000 66% 28% 4% 1% 2% 34%
Tennessee  6,337,000 75% 16% 5% 2% 2% 25%
Texas  25,774,000 42% 11% 41% 4% 1% 58%
Virginia  7,908,000 65% 19% 7% 6% 3% 35%
West Virginia  1,812,000 93% 3% 1%  – 2% 7%
NOTE: Data may not sum to 100% due to rounding and data restrictions.
SOURCE: KCMU/Urban Institute analysis of 2013 and 2012 ASEC Supplements to the CPS.
Appendix Table 2: Selected Demographic Characteristics by Geographic Region, 2011-2012
Total Northeast Midwest West South
Residence
Metropolitan 84% 90% 78% 90% 82%
Rural 15% 10% 22% 8% 17%
Not Identifiable 1%  NA NA 2% 1%
Age
0-18 25% 23% 25% 26% 26%
19-34 22% 22% 21% 23% 21%
35-54 27% 28% 27% 27% 27%
55-64 12% 13% 12% 12% 12%
65+ 14% 15% 14% 12% 14%
Citizenship Status
U.S-Born Citizen 87% 84% 93% 81% 89%
Naturalized Citizen 6% 8% 3% 9% 5%
Non-Citizen 7% 8% 4% 10% 7%
Parent Status of Nonelderly Adults (19-64)
Parent 34% 32% 34% 35% 34%
Not a Parent 66% 68% 66% 65% 66%
Educational Attainment of Adults (19-64)
Less than High School 11% 11% 9% 13% 13%
High School Graduate 29% 29% 32% 25% 31%
Some College/Assoc. Degree 31% 31% 31% 31% 28%
College Grad or Greater 30% 30% 28% 30% 27%
Employment Characteristics of Nonelderly
Households with at Least 1 Full-time Worker 76% 77% 77% 75% 77%
Share of Workers in Blue-Collar Job 61% 60% 61% 61% 62%
Work in Small Firms (< 50 Workers) 25% 26% 24% 26% 25%
Self-Employed 8% 8% 8% 10% 8%
Public Sector Job 14% 14% 13% 14% 15%
NOTE: Data may not sum to 100% due to rounding and data restrictions.
SOURCE: KCMU/Urban Institute analysis of 2013 and 2012 ASEC Supplements to the CPS.
Appendix 3: Nonelderly Uninsured by Race/Ethnicity and State, 2011-2012
Total White Black Hispanic Other All People of Color
 UNITED STATES  47,616,500  21,350,500  6,983,700  15,431,700  3,850,700  26,266,100
 NORTHEAST  5,887,700  3,009,400  919,100  1,471,900  487,300  2,878,300
 Connecticut  285,800  157,400  41,600  71,600   –  128,000
 Maine  129,300  121,500   –   –   –   –
 Massachusetts  242,900  160,300   –   –   –  83,000
 New Hampshire  158,500  138,500   –   –  9,000  20,000
 New Jersey  1,250,800  445,800  196,000  479,300  129,600  805,000
 New York  2,220,900  913,600  406,000  655,400  245,900  1,307,000
 Pennsylvania  1,426,900  956,700  234,900  179,400  55,800  470,000
 Rhode Island  125,000  72,200  11,600  32,900  8,300  53,000
 Vermont  47,800  43,400   –   –   –   –
 MIDWEST  8,092,900  5,136,000  1,153,000  1,225,200  578,700  2,956,900
 Illinois  1,772,400  783,600  345,400  534,300  109,100  989,000
 Indiana  801,600  578,900  102,500  65,700  54,500  223,000
 Iowa  301,500  230,400   –  41,400   –  71,000
 Kansas  368,400  231,000  25,300  85,300  26,900  137,000
 Michigan  1,110,500  773,300  181,500  106,600   –  337,000
 Minnesota  462,500  297,900  44,800  63,200  56,600  165,000
 Missouri  834,100  590,300  153,800   –  54,600  244,000
 Nebraska  233,300  138,500   –  60,900  20,200  95,000
 North Dakota  70,000  39,900   –   –  24,800  30,000
 Ohio  1,460,800  1,029,500  217,000  128,800  85,500  431,000
 South Dakota  111,300  71,300   –  12,400  25,300  40,000
 Wisconsin  566,500  371,600  51,600  87,400  55,900  195,000
 WEST  12,588,100  4,411,100  564,800  5,998,700  1,613,600  8,177,000
 Alaska  129,400  71,500   –  11,800  43,800  58,000
 Arizona  1,140,200  362,000   –  651,000  82,200  778,000
 California  6,992,400  1,674,800  342,500  4,050,200  924,900  5,318,000
 Colorado  736,900  391,400  48,000  260,100  37,400  345,000
 Hawaii  102,200  20,900   –  13,900  66,000  81,000
 Idaho  257,900  157,500   –  84,700   –  100,000
 Montana  178,900  145,000   –   –  26,100  34,000
 Nevada  620,800  235,400  61,800  247,800  75,800  385,000
 New Mexico  421,700  112,000   –  216,500  88,400  310,000
 Oregon  559,400  379,500   –  127,100  45,800  180,000
 Utah  406,800  252,400   –  110,900  38,900  154,000
 Washington  947,700  537,900  43,100  205,200  161,500  410,000
 Wyoming  93,800  70,700   –  12,600  8,500  23,000
 SOUTH  21,047,800  8,794,000  4,346,800  6,735,900  1,171,200  12,253,800
 Alabama  660,700  365,100  208,500  73,100   –  296,000
 Arkansas  510,400  340,000  88,400  53,200   –  170,000
 Delaware  92,600  43,500  18,700  25,500   –  49,000
 District of Columbia  49,800  10,100  27,300  9,400   –  40,000
 Florida  3,866,700  1,657,200  752,800  1,280,400  176,200  2,209,000
 Georgia  1,849,700  747,300  639,700  334,000  128,700  1,102,000
 Kentucky  647,100  496,000  64,000  62,500   –  151,000
 Louisiana  866,300  382,900  384,300  77,100   –  483,000
 Maryland  755,900  277,700  226,900  181,300  70,100  478,000
 Mississippi  453,600  197,900  227,700   –   –  256,000
 North Carolina  1,593,300  740,700  384,100  346,600  121,900  853,000
 Oklahoma  633,100  346,000  44,000  94,000  149,100  287,000
 South Carolina  765,300  436,800  245,600  68,500   –  328,000
 Tennessee  849,600  532,600  166,400  126,700   –  317,000
 Texas  6,166,600  1,509,300  588,200  3,794,000  275,200  4,657,000
 Virginia  1,020,500  471,400  266,800  191,200  91,200  549,000
 West Virginia  266,700  239,400   –   –   –  27,000
NOTE: Data may not sum to 100% due to rounding and data restrictions.
SOURCE: KCMU/Urban Institute analysis of 2013 and 2012 ASEC Supplements to the CPS.
Appendix Table 4: Nonelderly Uninsured Rate by Race/Ethnicity and State, 2011-2012
Total White Black Hispanic Other All People of Color
UNITED STATES 18% 13% 21% 31% 17% 25%
NORTHEAST 13% 10% 17% 21% 13% 18%
Connecticut 10% 8% 14% 18%  – 14%
Maine 12% 12%  –  –  –  –
Massachusetts 4% 4%  –  –  – 5%
New Hampshire 14% 13%  –  – 20% 22%
New Jersey 17% 11% 21% 29% 18% 24%
New York 13% 10% 17% 20% 14% 18%
Pennsylvania 13% 11% 19% 26% 12% 20%
Rhode Island 14% 11% 21% 25% 17% 23%
Vermont 9% 9%  –  –  –  –
MIDWEST 14% 12% 19% 27% 17% 21%
Illinois 16% 12% 22% 27% 14% 23%
Indiana 15% 13% 20% 20% 27% 21%
Iowa 12% 10%  – 23%  – 18%
Kansas 15% 13% 17% 33% 15% 23%
Michigan 13% 12% 16% 27%  – 17%
Minnesota 10% 8% 16% 26% 15% 19%
Missouri 16% 15% 25%  – 19% 23%
Nebraska 15% 11%  – 30% 20% 25%
North Dakota 12% 8%  –  – 30% 28%
Ohio 15% 13% 18% 33% 23% 22%
South Dakota 16% 12%  – 37% 31% 32%
Wisconsin 12% 9% 19% 24% 19% 21%
WEST 20% 14% 20% 30% 18% 25%
Alaska 20% 17%  – 23% 29% 26%
Arizona 20% 13%  – 31% 18% 28%
California 21% 14% 19% 29% 17% 25%
Colorado 17% 13% 26% 28% 15% 25%
Hawaii 9% 11%  – 10% 9% 9%
Idaho 19% 15%  – 42%  – 37%
Montana 22% 20%  –  – 38% 33%
Nevada 27% 21% 31% 35% 23% 31%
New Mexico 24% 17%  – 26% 39% 29%
Oregon 17% 15%  – 31% 14% 23%
Utah 16% 12%  – 34% 25% 31%
Washington 16% 13% 21% 28% 17% 22%
Wyoming 19% 17%  – 26% 38% 30%
SOUTH 21% 16% 22% 38% 19% 28%
Alabama 16% 14% 18% 42%  – 20%
Arkansas 21% 19% 23% 34%  – 26%
Delaware 12% 9% 12% 29%  – 17%
District of Columbia 9% 5% 11% 15%  – 11%
Florida 25% 19% 29% 34% 23% 31%
Georgia 22% 16% 24% 43% 23% 28%
Kentucky 17% 16% 22% 38%  – 25%
Louisiana 22% 17% 30% 41%  – 31%
Maryland 15% 11% 15% 37% 14% 19%
Mississippi 18% 14% 23%  –  – 23%
North Carolina 20% 15% 21% 44% 19% 26%
Oklahoma 20% 18% 18% 31% 22% 23%
South Carolina 19% 17% 21% 39%  – 22%
Tennessee 16% 13% 17% 45%  – 22%
Texas 27% 17% 22% 39% 20% 33%
Virginia 15% 11% 20% 36% 15% 22%
West Virginia 17% 17%  –  –  – 24%
NOTE: ” –” Not sufficient data for a reliable estimate. Data may not sum to 100% due to rounding and data restrictions.
SOURCE: KCMU/Urban Institute analysis of 2013 and 2012 ASEC Supplements to the CPS.
Appendix Table 5: Medicaid/CHIP Income Eligibility Limits as a Percent of the Federal Poverty Level,
by Region and State as of January 2014
Children Pregnant Women Parents
(in a family of three)
Childless Adults
(for an individual)
NORTHEAST
Connecticut 323% 263% 201% 138%
Maine 213% 214% 105% 0%
Massachusetts 305% 205% 138% 138%
New Hampshire 323% 201% 75% 0%
New Jersey 355% 199%/205% 138% 138%
New York 405% 223% 138% 138%
Pennsylvania 319% 220% 38% 0%
Rhode Island 266% 195%/258% 138% 138%
Vermont 318% 213% 138% 138%
Median 319% 214% 138% 138%
MIDWEST
Illinois 318% 213% 138% 138%
Indiana 255% 213% 24% 0%
Iowa 380% 380% 138% 138%
Kansas 250% 171% 38% 0%
Michigan 217% 200% 138% 138%
Minnesota 288% 283% 205% 205%
Missouri 305% 210% 24% 0%
Nebraska 218% 199% 55% 0%
North Dakota 175% 152% 138% 138%
Ohio 211% 205% 138% 138%
South Dakota 209% 138% 54% 0%
Wisconsin 306% 306% 100% 100%
Median 253% 208% 119% 119%
WEST
Alaska 208% 205% 128% 0%
Arizona 205% (closed) 161% 138% 138%
California 266% 213% 138% 138%
Colorado 265% 200%/265% 138% 138%
Hawaii 313% 196% 138% 138%
Idaho 190% 138% 27% 0%
Montana 266% 164% 52% 0%
Nevada 205% 164% 138% 138%
New Mexico 305% 255% 138% 138%
Oregon 305% 190% 138% 138%
Utah 205% 144% 47% 0%
Washington 305% 198% 138% 138%
Wyoming 205% 159% 59% 0%
Median 265% 177% 138% 138%
SOUTH
Alabama 317% 146% 16% 0%
Arkansas 216% 214% 138% 138%
Delaware 217% 214% 138% 138%
District of Columbia 324% 324% 221% 215%
Florida 215% 196% 35% 0%
Georgia 252% 225% 39% 0%
Kentucky 218% 200% 138% 138%
Louisiana 255% 214% 24% 0%
Maryland 322% 264% 138% 138%
Mississippi 214% 199% 29% 0%
North Carolina 216% 201% 45% 0%
Oklahoma 210% 138% 48% 0%
South Carolina 213% 199% 67% 0%
Tennessee 255% 200% 111% 0%
Texas 206% 203% 19% 0%
Virginia 205% 148% 52% 0%
West Virginia 305% 163% 138% 138%
Median 217% 200% 52% 0%

Eligibility thresholds include the standard five percentage point of the federal poverty level disregard. For states with two levels listed, the value before the slash is the eligibility limit for pregnant women in Medicaid.
SOURCE: Based on data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services available on Medicaid.gov as of January 2014

Conclusion