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As the Economy Improves, the Number of Uninsured Is Falling But Not Because of a Rebound in Employer Sponsored Insurance

Table 1: Nonelderly
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2010
2007-10
2012
2010-12
2007-12
All Incomes (millions of people)
261.4
265.9
 
4.4a
266.9
 
1.0a
5.5a
Employer
64.3%
59.7%
-4.7%*
-9.5a
59.8%
0.2%
1.1b
-8.5a
Medicaid/CHIP
11.8%
14.4%
2.6%*
7.4a
14.9%
0.5%*
1.5a
9.0a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
2.5%
2.9%
0.3%*
1.0a
3.0%
0.1%
0.3
1.3a
Private Nongroup
4.8%
4.6%
-0.2%#
-0.2
4.6%
0.0%
0.0
-0.2
Uninsured
16.6%
18.5%
1.9%*
5.7a
17.7%
-0.8%*
-1.8a
3.9a
Less than 200% of FPL
91.0
105.0
 
13.9a
106.1
 
1.1b
15.0a
Employer
31.4%
28.1%
-3.4%*
0.8a
28.9%
0.8%*
1.2a
2.0a
Medicaid/CHIP
29.2%
31.7%
2.5%*
6.7a
32.8%
1.1%*
1.5a
8.2a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
3.7%
3.7%
0.1%
0.6a
4.0%
0.2%#
0.3a
0.9a
Private Nongroup
4.4%
4.2%
-0.2%
0.4a
4.2%
0.0%
0.0
0.4a
Uninsured
31.2%
32.3%
1.0%*
5.4a
30.2%
-2.1%*
-1.9a
3.6a
200 to 399% of FPL
75.2
71.7
 
-3.5a
72.2
 
0.5
-3.0a
Employer
74.0%
71.4%
-2.6%*
-4.4a
71.6%
0.2%
0.5
-3.9a
Medicaid/CHIP
4.5%
5.6%
1.1%*
0.6a
5.5%
-0.1%
0.0
0.6a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
2.4%
3.0%
0.6%*
0.3a
2.9%
-0.1%
-0.1
0.3a
Private Nongroup
5.0%
5.1%
0.1%
-0.1
5.3%
0.1%
0.1
0.0
Uninsured
14.0%
14.8%
0.8%*
0.1
14.7%
-0.1%
0.0
0.1
400% of FPL and above
95.2
89.2
 
-6.0a
88.6
 
-0.5
-6.6a
Employer
88.1%
87.4%
-0.7%*
-5.9a
87.3%
-0.1%
-0.6
-6.5a
Medicaid/CHIP
0.8%
1.0%
0.2%*
0.2a
1.1%
0.1%
0.0
0.2a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.5%
1.7%
0.2%#
0.1
1.8%
0.1%
0.0
0.1
Private Nongroup
4.9%
4.7%
-0.3%#
-0.5a
4.6%
-0.1%
-0.1
-0.6a
Uninsured
4.6%
5.2%
0.6%*
0.2
5.3%
0.1%
0.1
0.3b
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
Table 2: Adults by Income
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2010
2007-10
2012
2010-12
2007-12
All Incomes (millions of people)
182.8
187.1
 
4.3a
188.7
 
1.7b
6.0a
Employer
65.9%
61.3%
-4.6%*
-5.8a
61.3%
0.0%
1.1
-4.7a
Medicaid/CHIP
6.7%
8.2%
1.5%*
3.0a
8.7%
0.6%*
1.2a
4.2a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
3.0%
3.4%
0.4%*
0.8a
3.5%
0.1%
0.3
1.1a
Private Nongroup
5.3%
5.1%
-0.2%
-0.1
5.2%
0.1%
0.2
0.1
Uninsured
19.1%
22.0%
3.0%*
6.4a
21.3%
-0.8%*
-1.1a
5.3a
Less than 200% of FPL
57.5
67.7
 
10.2a
69.2
 
1.5a
11.7a
Employer
32.0%
28.8%
-3.2%*
1.1a
30.0%
1.2%*
1.2a
2.4a
Medicaid/CHIP
18.4%
19.6%
1.2%*
2.7a
20.6%
1.0%*
1.0a
3.7a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
5.0%
4.9%
-0.2%
0.4a
5.2%
0.3%
0.3a
0.7a
Private Nongroup
5.6%
5.2%
-0.3%
0.4a
5.3%
0.0%
0.1
0.4a
Uninsured
39.0%
41.5%
2.4%*
5.6a
39.0%
-2.5%*
-1.1a
4.5a
200 to 399% of FPL
52.3
50.6
 
-1.7a
51.4
 
0.8
-0.9b
Employer
72.8%
69.9%
-2.9%*
-2.7a
70.0%
0.1%
0.6
-2.1a
Medicaid/CHIP
2.4%
3.0%
0.6%*
0.3a
3.3%
0.3%
0.2b
0.4a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
2.7%
3.5%
0.7%*
0.3a
3.3%
-0.2%
-0.1
0.3a
Private Nongroup
5.3%
5.6%
0.3%
0.1
5.7%
0.1%
0.1
0.1
Uninsured
16.7%
18.0%
1.3%*
0.4b
17.7%
-0.3%
0.0
0.4b
400% of FPL and above
73.0
68.8
0.0%
-4.2a
68.2
 
-0.6
-4.8a
Employer
87.7%
87.0%
-4.2a
86.6%
-0.4%
-0.8
-4.9a
Medicaid/CHIP
0.6%
0.7%
0.1%
0.0
0.8%
0.1%
0.0
0.1b
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.6%
1.8%
0.2%#
0.1
1.9%
0.1%
0.1
0.1
Private Nongroup
5.0%
4.6%
-0.4%*
-0.5a
4.7%
0.1%
0.0
-0.5a
Uninsured
5.1%
5.9%
0.8%*
0.4a
6.0%
0.1%
0.0
0.4a
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
Table 3: Adults by Age
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2009
2007-09
2012
2009-12
2007-12
Adults 19-25
28.2
29.1
 
0.9a
30.0
 
0.9a
1.8a
Employer
54.7%
50.1%
-4.5%*
-0.8a
54.4%
4.3%*
1.7a
0.9a
Medicaid/CHIP
9.4%
11.3%
1.9%*
0.6a
11.5%
0.2%
0.2
0.8a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.5%
1.6%
0.1%
0.0
1.9%
0.3%#
0.1a
0.2a
Private Nongroup
5.2%
5.4%
0.2%
0.1
4.9%
-0.5%#
-0.1
0.0
Uninsured
29.3%
31.7%
2.3%*
1.0a
27.4%
-4.3%*
-1.0a
-0.1
Adults 26-34
35.6
36.4
 
0.8a
37.3
 
0.9a
1.7a
Employer
63.2%
57.1%
-6.1%*
-1.7a
57.2%
0.1%
0.5
-1.2a
Medicaid/CHIP
6.8%
9.0%
2.1%*
0.8a
9.1%
0.2%
0.1
1.0a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.2%
1.6%
0.4%*
0.1a
1.7%
0.1%
0.1
0.2a
Private Nongroup
4.4%
4.5%
0.1%
0.1
4.5%
0.0%
0.0
0.1
Uninsured
24.4%
27.9%
3.5%*
1.5a
27.4%
-0.4%
0.1
1.6a
Adults 35-54
85.7
84.5
 
-1.2a
83.0
 
-1.5a
-2.7a
Employer
69.9%
66.4%
-3.6%*
-3.9a
64.8%
-1.6%*
-2.3a
-6.2a
Medicaid/CHIP
6.0%
7.2%
1.1%*
0.9a
7.8%
0.6%*
0.4a
1.3a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
2.4%
2.6%
0.2%#
0.2
2.9%
0.2%
0.1
0.3a
Private Nongroup
5.2%
4.7%
-0.5%*
-0.5a
4.9%
0.2%
0.1
-0.4a
Uninsured
16.4%
19.1%
2.7%*
2.1a
19.7%
0.5%#
0.2
2.3a
Adults 55-64
33.3
35.4
 
2.1a
38.5
 
3.1a
5.2a
Employer
68.0%
65.8%
-2.2%*
0.7b
63.2%
-2.6%*
1.1a
1.7a
Medicaid/CHIP
6.1%
7.0%
1.0%*
0.5a
8.1%
1.1%*
0.6a
1.1a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
7.9%
7.7%
-0.2%
0.1
7.9%
0.2%
0.3a
0.4a
Private Nongroup
6.5%
6.0%
-0.5%#
0.0
6.8%
0.8%*
0.5a
0.4a
Uninsured
11.6%
13.4%
1.9%*
0.9a
14.0%
0.5%
0.6a
1.5a
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
Table 4: Children by Income
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2010
2007-10
2012
2010-12
2007-12
All Incomes (millions of people)
78.6
78.8
 
0.1
78.2
 
-0.6
-0.5
Employer
60.6%
55.8%
-4.9%*
-3.8a
56.2%
0.4%
0.0
-3.7a
Medicaid/CHIP
23.5%
29.1%
5.6%*
4.4a
29.7%
0.6%#
0.3
4.8a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.4%
1.6%
0.2%*
0.2a
1.6%
0.0%
0.0
0.2a
Private Nongroup
3.6%
3.4%
-0.1%
-0.1
3.2%
-0.2%
-0.2
-0.3a
Uninsured
10.9%
10.1%
-0.8%*
-0.6a
9.2%
-0.9%*
-0.7a
-1.4a
Less than 200% of FPL
33.6
37.3
 
3.7a
36.9
 
-0.4
3.3a
Employer
30.5%
26.8%
-3.7%*
-0.3
26.9%
0.1%
-0.1
-0.3
Medicaid/CHIP
47.7%
53.6%
5.9%*
4.0a
55.5%
1.9%*
0.5
4.5a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.4%
1.7%
0.3%*
0.2a
1.7%
0.0%
0.0
0.2a
Private Nongroup
2.5%
2.4%
-0.2%
0.0
2.2%
-0.1%
-0.1
0.0
Uninsured
17.9%
15.6%
-2.3%*
-0.2
13.7%
-1.9%*
-0.8a
-1.0a
200 to 399% of FPL
22.8
21.1
 
-1.8a
20.8
 
-0.3
-2.1a
Employer
76.7%
75.0%
-1.7%*
-1.7a
75.5%
0.5%
-0.1
-1.8a
Medicaid/CHIP
9.4%
11.8%
2.4%*
0.3a
11.1%
-0.7%
-0.2
0.2
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.7%
1.9%
0.3%
0.0
1.9%
0.0%
0.0
0.0
Private Nongroup
4.2%
4.0%
-0.2%
-0.1b
4.1%
0.1%
0.0
-0.1
Uninsured
8.0%
7.2%
-0.8%#
-0.3a
7.3%
0.1%
0.0
-0.3a
400% of FPL and above
22.2
20.4
 
-1.8a
20.5
 
0.1
-1.7a
Employer
89.6%
88.8%
-0.8%#
-1.8a
89.5%
0.7%
0.2
-1.6a
Medicaid/CHIP
1.5%
2.2%
0.8%*
0.1a
2.2%
-0.1%
0.0
0.1a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.2%
1.3%
0.1%
0.0
1.2%
-0.1%
0.0
0.0
Private Nongroup
4.5%
4.8%
0.3%
0.0
4.2%
-0.7%#
-0.1b
-0.1a
Uninsured
3.2%
2.9%
-0.3%
-0.1a
3.0%
0.1%
0.0
-0.1b
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
Table 5: Nonelderly by Family Work Status
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2010
2007-10
2012
2010-12
2007-12
2 Full-time Workers
72.9
65.9
 
-7.0a
66.0
 
0.1
-6.9a
Employer
85.1%
83.9%
-1.2%*
-6.8a
84.3%
0.4%
0.4
-6.4a
Medicaid/CHIP
3.1%
3.7%
0.7%*
0.2a
3.4%
-0.3%*
-0.2a
0.0
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.0
1.1%
-0.2%
-0.1
-0.1
Private Nongroup
3.3%
3.4%
0.1%
-0.2b
3.4%
0.0%
0.0
-0.2b
Uninsured
7.4%
7.7%
0.4%
-0.3b
7.8%
0.1%
0.1
-0.2
1 Full-time Worker
139.6
135.7
 
-3.9a
137.9
 
2.2a
-1.7a
Employer
66.4%
64.7%
-1.7%*
-4.9a
64.0%
-0.7%*
0.5
-4.5a
Medicaid/CHIP
9.3%
10.5%
1.3%*
1.4a
11.4%
0.8%*
1.4a
2.7a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.5%
1.7%
0.2%*
0.2b
1.9%
0.2%*
0.3a
0.5a
Private Nongroup
5.0%
4.7%
-0.3%*
-0.6a
4.7%
0.0%
0.1
-0.5a
Uninsured
17.8%
18.3%
0.6%*
0.1
18.0%
-0.4%
-0.1
0.0
Only Part-Time Workers
18.6
24.8
 
6.2a
24.5
 
-0.4
5.8a
Employer
37.2%
32.3%
-4.8%*
1.1a
33.5%
1.2%#
0.2
1.3a
Medicaid/CHIP
23.2%
25.9%
2.6%*
2.1a
26.2%
0.3%
0.0
2.1a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
3.0%
3.3%
0.3%
0.3a
3.2%
-0.1%
0.0
0.2a
Private Nongroup
8.2%
7.6%
-0.6%
0.4a
7.1%
-0.5%
-0.2
0.2a
Uninsured
28.4%
30.8%
2.5%*
2.4a
30.0%
-0.9%
-0.3
2.1a
Non-workers
30.2
39.5
 
9.2a
38.5
 
-0.9a
8.3a
Employer
21.2%
19.1%
-2.1%*
1.1a
19.6%
0.6%
0.0
1.2a
Medicaid/CHIP
37.2%
38.0%
0.9%
3.8a
40.0%
1.9%*
0.4
4.2a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
10.2%
9.1%
-1.1%*
0.5a
9.6%
0.5%
0.1
0.6a
Private Nongroup
5.1%
4.5%
-0.6%*
0.2a
4.7%
0.2%
0.1
0.3a
Uninsured
26.4%
29.3%
2.9%*
3.6a
26.1%
-3.2%*
-1.5a
2.1a
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
Table 6: Nonelderly by Race/Ethnicity
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2010
2007-10
2012
2010-12
2007-12
White Only (Non-Hispanic)
166.7
162.8
 
-3.9a
160.5
 
-2.2a
-6.1a
Employer
72.3%
68.3%
-4.0%*
-9.3a
68.3%
0.0%
-1.4a
-10.8a
Medicaid/CHIP
7.6%
9.4%
1.8%*
2.6a
9.7%
0.3%#
0.3
2.8a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
2.7%
3.0%
0.4%*
0.5a
3.2%
0.2%#
0.2
0.7a
Private Nongroup
5.8%
5.6%
-0.2%
-0.5a
5.5%
-0.1%
-0.3
-0.8a
Uninsured
11.7%
13.7%
2.0%*
2.8a
13.3%
-0.4%*
-0.9a
1.9a
Black Only (Non-Hispanic)
33.2
33.3
 
0.1
33.7
 
0.5
0.6
Employer
53.4%
46.3%
-7.1%*
-2.3a
48.0%
1.8%*
0.8a
-1.5a
Medicaid/CHIP
21.0%
25.2%
4.2%*
1.4a
25.0%
-0.2%
0.0
1.4a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
3.4%
3.8%
0.4%
0.1
3.8%
0.0%
0.0
0.2b
Private Nongroup
2.4%
2.6%
0.2%
0.1
2.6%
0.0%
0.0
0.1
Uninsured
19.9%
22.1%
2.3%*
0.8a
20.6%
-1.6%*
-0.4b
0.3
Hispanic
43.4
48.1
 
4.7
49.9
 
1.8#
6.5a
Employer
42.5%
40.0%
-2.5%*
0.8a
40.2%
0.1%
0.8a
1.6a
Medicaid/CHIP
20.3%
23.6%
3.3%*
2.5a
24.7%
1.1%*
1.0a
3.5a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.5%
1.9%
0.4%*
0.3a
1.8%
-0.1%
0.0
0.2a
Private Nongroup
2.7%
2.4%
-0.3%
0.0
2.7%
0.3%
0.2a
0.2b
Uninsured
32.9%
32.1%
-0.9%
1.1a
30.7%
-1.4%*
-0.1
1.0a
Other
18.2
21.7
 
3.6a
22.7
 
1.0a
4.5a
Employer
63.5%
59.0%
-4.5%*
1.3a
60.4%
1.4%
0.9a
2.2a
Medicaid/CHIP
12.2%
14.6%
2.3%*
0.9a
15.1%
0.5%
0.3b
1.2a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
2.3%
2.2%
-0.1%
0.1
2.5%
0.2%
0.1
0.1a
Private Nongroup
5.1%
5.3%
0.2%
0.2a
5.5%
0.3%
0.1
0.3a
Uninsured
17.0%
19.0%
2.0%*
1.0a
16.5%
-2.5%*
-0.4a
0.7a
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
Table 7: Nonelderly by Region
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2010
2007-10
2012
2010-12
2007-12
Northeast
46.6
47.0
 
0.4a
46.9
 
-0.1
0.3b
Employer
69.0%
65.0%
-4.0%*
-1.6a
65.5%
0.5%
0.2
-1.4a
Medicaid/CHIP
13.2%
15.0%
1.9%*
0.9a
16.4%
1.4%*
0.6a
1.6a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.5%
1.7%
0.2%#
0.1b
1.9%
0.1%
0.1
0.2a
Private Nongroup
4.3%
4.1%
-0.2%
-0.1
3.9%
-0.2%
-0.1
-0.2b
Uninsured
12.1%
14.2%
2.1%*
1.0a
12.4%
-1.8%*
-0.9a
0.2
Midwest
57.4
57.2
 
-0.2
56.5
 
-0.6a
-0.8a
Employer
70.1%
64.4%
-5.7%*
-3.4a
64.8%
0.5%
-0.2
-3.6a
Medicaid/CHIP
10.7%
13.9%
3.2%*
1.8a
13.8%
0.0%
-0.1
1.7a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
2.3%
2.4%
0.1%
0.1
2.5%
0.1%
0.0
0.1
Private Nongroup
4.5%
4.5%
0.0%
0.0
5.0%
0.4%*
0.2b
0.2b
Uninsured
12.4%
14.8%
2.4%*
1.4a
13.9%
-0.9%*
-0.6a
0.8a
South
95.5
98.8
 
3.2a
99.5
 
0.7a
4.0a
Employer
60.4%
56.3%
-4.1%*
-2.1a
56.1%
-0.2%
0.2
-1.9a
Medicaid/CHIP
11.4%
13.9%
2.5%*
2.9a
14.2%
0.3%
0.4
3.3a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
3.5%
3.8%
0.3%*
0.4a
3.9%
0.1%
0.1
0.6a
Private Nongroup
4.3%
4.2%
-0.1%
0.1
4.3%
0.1%
0.1
0.2
Uninsured
20.4%
21.7%
1.3%*
1.9a
21.4%
-0.3%
-0.1
1.8a
West
61.9
62.9
 
1.0a
63.9
 
1.0a
2.0a
Employer
61.5%
56.6%
-4.8%*
-2.4a
57.0%
0.4%
0.8a
-1.6a
Medicaid/CHIP
12.2%
15.0%
2.8%*
1.9a
15.7%
0.7%*
0.6a
2.5a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
2.1%
2.6%
0.5%*
0.3a
2.7%
0.1%
0.1
0.4a
Private Nongroup
6.1%
5.7%
-0.4%
-0.2
5.3%
-0.4%#
-0.2
-0.4a
Uninsured
18.1%
20.0%
1.9%*
1.4a
19.3%
-0.8%*
-0.3
1.1a
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
Table 8: Workers by Firm Size
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change
(Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2010
2007-10
2012
2010-12
2007-12
All Workers
147.8
142.9
 
-4.9a
145.0
 
2.1a
-2.8a
Employer
72.5%
69.6%
-2.9%*
-7.7a
69.3%
-0.3%
1.0b
-6.7a
Medicaid/CHIP
3.5%
4.3%
0.7%*
0.9a
4.5%
0.3%*
0.5a
1.4a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.3%
1.4%
0.1%*
0.1
1.5%
0.1%
0.1
0.3a
Private Nongroup
5.1%
5.1%
0.0%
-0.3
5.1%
0.0%
0.1
-0.2
Uninsured
17.6%
19.6%
2.0%*
2.0a
19.6%
0.0%
0.4
2.4a
Small and Medium
(Less than 1000 workers)

or Self-Employed
90.6
84.9
 
-5.7a
86.0
 
1.1b
-4.6a
Employer
65.6%
62.3%
-3.3%*
-6.5a
61.3%
-1.0%*
-0.2
-6.7a
Medicaid/CHIP
4.0%
4.9%
0.9%*
0.5a
5.4%
0.5%*
0.5a
1.0a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.3%
1.4%
0.0%
0.0
1.5%
0.2%#
0.2a
0.1
Private Nongroup
6.9%
6.8%
-0.2%
-0.5a
7.0%
0.2%
0.2
-0.3b
Uninsured
22.2%
24.7%
2.5%*
0.9a
24.8%
0.2%
0.4
1.3a
Large Firms (1000 workers or more)
57.2
58.0
 
0.8
58.9
 
1.0a
1.8a
Employer
83.5%
80.3%
-3.2%*
-1.2a
81.1%
0.8%*
1.2a
0.1
Medicaid/CHIP
2.8%
3.3%
0.6%*
0.4a
3.3%
-0.1%
0.0
0.4a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.2%
1.5%
0.3%*
0.2a
1.4%
-0.1%
0.0
0.1a
Private Nongroup
2.2%
2.6%
0.4%*
0.3a
2.3%
-0.3%*
-0.2b
0.1
Uninsured
10.3%
12.2%
1.9%*
1.2a
11.9%
-0.3%
-0.1
1.1a
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes children, persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
Table 9: Workers by Industry Type
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change
(Millions of People)
Coverage Distribution within Income Category
Change (Millions of People)
2007
2010
2007-10
2012
2010-12
2007-12
All Workers
147.8
142.9
 
-4.9a
145.0
 
2.1a
-2.8a
Employer
72.5%
69.6%
-2.9%*
-7.7a
69.3%
-0.3%
1.0b
-6.7a
Medicaid/CHIP
3.5%
4.3%
0.7%*
0.9a
4.5%
0.3%*
0.5a
1.4a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.3%
1.4%
0.1%*
0.1
1.5%
0.1%
0.1
0.3a
Private Nongroup
5.1%
5.1%
0.0%
-0.3
5.1%
0.0%
0.1
-0.2
Uninsured
17.6%
19.6%
2.0%*
2.0a
19.6%
0.0%
0.4
2.4a
Workers in High ESI Industries1
52.3
49.7
 
-2.6a
50.0
 
0.3
-2.3a
Employer
84.4%
82.5%
-1.9%*
-3.1a
82.7%
0.2%
0.3
-2.8a
Medicaid/CHIP
1.8%
1.9%
0.1%
0.0
2.2%
0.3%*
0.2a
0.1b
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
0.9%
1.2%
0.3%*
0.1a
1.0%
-0.1%
-0.1
0.1
Private Nongroup
3.6%
3.6%
0.0%
-0.1
3.5%
-0.1%
-0.1
-0.1
Uninsured
9.3%
10.8%
1.6%*
0.5a
10.6%
-0.3%
-0.1
0.4a
Workers in Low ESI Industries2
95.5
93.2
 
-2.4a
95.0
 
1.8a
-0.5
Employer
66.0%
62.7%
-3.3%*
-4.6a
62.3%
-0.4%
0.7
-3.9a
Medicaid/CHIP
4.4%
5.5%
1.1%*
0.9a
5.8%
0.3%
0.4a
1.2a
Medicare/TRICARE/Other federal
1.5%
1.6%
0.1%
0.0
1.7%
0.1%
0.2b
0.2a
Private Nongroup
5.9%
5.9%
0.0%
-0.2
5.9%
0.0%
0.1
-0.1
Uninsured
22.1%
24.3%
2.2%*
1.5a
24.3%
0.0%
0.5
2.0a
Source: Urban Institute, 2013. Based on data from the 2008, 2011, and 2013 ASEC Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Note: Excludes children, persons aged 65 and older and those in the Armed Forces.
1 High ESI Industries include industries with an ESI rate of 80% or higher in 2012: Finanace;
Manufacturing; Info and Communications; Education; Utilities; Mining; and Public Administration.
2 Low ESI Industries include industries with an ESI rate of lower than 80% in 2012: Agriculture;
Arts/Entertainment/Recreation; Construction; Former Military; Health and Social Services; Other Services, Professional;
Transportation; and Wholesale and Retail Trade.
* Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level).
# Indicates change in percent of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).
a Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant  (at the 95% confidence level).
b Indicates change in numbers of people is statistically significant (at the 90% confidence level).

 

Appendix: Methods Notes