Racial/Ethnic Differences in Cardiac Care: The Weight of the Evidence
Numerous studies over the past two decades have documented racial and ethnic differences in care for heart conditions. To assess the quality of the evidence and to summarize the information for a physician audience, the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation collaborated with the American College of Cardiology Foundation to review the body of research on racial/ethnic differences in cardiac care.
There is credible evidence that minority patients are less likely than white patients to receive invasive cardiac procedures such as catheterization, angioplasty, bypass surgery and thrombolytic therapy even when patient characteristics are similar. These disparities remain even after adjusting for such factors as age, sex, insurance status and heart disease severity. Of the 81 studies investigating racial/ethnic differences in care over the past two decades, 68 found disparities in care for at least one of the racial/ethnic minority groups under study.
This report is one component of an initiative to raise physician awareness about disparities in medical care.
also of interest
- The Impact of the Coverage Gap in States not Expanding Medicaid by Race and Ethnicity
- Wide Disparities in the Income and Assets of People on Medicare by Race and Ethnicity: Now and in the Future
- Health Coverage for the Black Population Today and Under the Affordable Care Act
- The Impact of Current State Medicaid Expansion Decisions on Coverage by Race and Ethnicity