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Drug Resistance

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New York Times Examines Questions Left Unanswered By Microbicide Trial

The New York Times examines a set of questions raised by news out of the International AIDS Conference-AIDS 2010 last week that a microbicide gel containing the antiretroviral (ARV) tenofovir used by women before and after sex helped reduce their risk of HIV infection by 39 percent.

Also In Global Health News: Ill Russian Prisoners; Afghan Drug Users Risk Awareness; China’s AIDS Activists Face Pressure; Foreign Aid Documentary; World Bank Africa Strategy

More Than Half Of Russian Prisoners Ill, Many With HIV, TB “Almost half of inmates in Russia’s notorious prison system are ill, many infected with HIV or with tuberculosis, the country’s Federal Prison Service said late Tuesday,” Reuters reports. Out of 846,000 prisoners, 55,000 are infected with HIV and 40,000…

Single-Dose Of Experimental Malaria Drug Clears Parasites In Mice, Represents Potential New Class Of Drugs To Treat Malaria In Humans

An experimental malaria drug was shown to effectively treat the disease in mice with only a single dose, according to a study published Thursday in the journal Science, Reuters reports (Kelland, 9/2). The new drug, known as NITD609, “represents an entirely new class of medicines to treat malaria … Human trials, backed by Swiss pharmaceutical giant Novartis AG, could begin later this year,” the Wall Street Journal writes (Naik, 9/3).

Nature News Examines How Scientists, Farmers Are Working To Meet The Growing Demand For Artemisinin

“From bust to boom to bust again: artemisinin, the key ingredient of front-line antimalarial drugs, is entering the third chapter of its turbulent history,” Nature News writes in an article that examines the challenges scientists and farmers are facing as they attempt to keep up with the growing demand for the compound just as a “$343-million initiative starts to battle malaria through hugely subsidized medicines.”

Also In Global Health News: India’s Antibiotic Use; Abstinence Curriculum In China; Child, Maternal Health In India; Plumpy’nut; PEPFAR Funds To Uganda

India To Review Antibiotic Use; Japan Detects Resistant Gene Originally Found In South Asia “The health ministry has formed a committee to frame a policy for antibiotic use, following an uproar over a Lancet study that traced a drug-resistant bacterial superbug’s origins to India,” LiveMint.com reports. The panel will also…

Also In Global Health News: Generic Drugs From India; Rapid TB Test; U.S.-India Agriculture Dialogue; Zimbabwe’s Health Sector; ‘Superbug’ In U.S.

Changing Trade Rules In India Could Impede Access To Generic Drugs Generic drugs produced in India “could cost more and be harder to access if the country has to adhere to stricter intellectual property rules,” Reuters reports, noting that the country supplies the “bulk” of AIDS medicines that go developing…

WHO Regional Meeting In South-East Asia Addresses Antimicrobial Resistance, Developing Country Access To Medical Devices

During the WHO’s 63rd Regional Committee Session for South-East Asia in Bangkok on Wednesday the WHO called for enhanced “efforts at the national and international level to preserve the efficacy of antimicrobial agents through the rational use of antibiotics,” Indian Express reports (Thacker, 9/9). The appeal follows the news of a Lancet study published last month which identified a gene that enables bacteria to resist most antibiotics and documented an increase in the prevalence of the gene in parts of Bangladesh, India and Pakistan (Kaiser Daily Global Health Policy Report, 8/11).

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