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Despite significant improvements to health throughout the world over the century, many global health challenges remain, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The United States government has been engaged in global health activities for more than 100 years and its involvement has grown considerably over time. How much do you know about U.S. efforts to improve health around the world?

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1

What percentage of the U.S. federal budget is spent on global health activities?

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2012, U.S. funding for global health programs was $8.8 billion, representing less than 1% of the federal budget.

2

Which government provides the largest amount of funding to address global health challenges around the world?

The U.S. government was the single largest bilateral donor to health in 2009 ($6.1 billion), and also is the largest donor to multilateral health organizations such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

3

What is PEPFAR?

The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is the U.S. government's initiative, first authorized by Congress in 2003, to address HIV/AIDS in developing countries.

4

Which region of the world receives the largest amount of U.S. government funding for global health?

Most U.S. government funding for global health (80%) is provided to Africa.

5

What is the leading cause of death in low-income countries?

Pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections, such as bronchitis and influenza, are the leading causes of death in low-income countries.

6

What region has the highest rate of death among children under 5 years old?

Almost all child deaths (99%) occur in the developing world, with Africa being the hardest hit region.

7

In how many countries around the world does the U.S. government implement global health programs?

The U.S. government implements global health programs in more than 75 countries around the world.

8

Which of the following is not a service the U.S. government supports with its global health funding?

Since 1973, U.S. law has prohibited the use of U.S. government funding to pay for the performance of abortion as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortion.

9

Which U.S. global health program receives the greatest amount of funding?

U.S. government funding for HIV/AIDS, through PEPFAR (the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief), comprises the largest portion of the global health budget.

10

Which of the following organizations is the main international body charged with providing leadership on global health, including setting norms and standards?

The WHO provides international leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends.

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Global Health Policy Quiz

You Answered out of 10 Questions Correctly.

Question

Correct Response

1

What percentage of the U.S. federal budget is spent on global health activities?

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2012, U.S. funding for global health programs was $8.8 billion, representing less than 1% of the federal budget.

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2012, U.S. funding for global health programs was $8.8 billion, representing less than 1% of the federal budget. President Obama’s FY 2013 budget request includes an estimated $8.5 billion, a decrease of 3.4% ($303 million) below FY 2012.

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2

Which government provides the largest amount of funding to address global health challenges around the world?

The U.S. government was the single largest bilateral donor to health in 2009 ($6.1 billion), and also is the largest donor to multilateral health organizations such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

The U.S. government was the single largest bilateral donor to health in 2009 ($6.1 billion), and also is the largest donor to multilateral health organizations such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The United Kingdom was the second largest bilateral donor ($1.1 billion) followed by the European Commission ($0.6 billion), Canada ($0.4 billion), and Germany ($0.4 billion).

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3

What is PEPFAR?

The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is the U.S. government's initiative, first authorized by Congress in 2003, to address HIV/AIDS in developing countries.

The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is the U.S. government's initiative, first authorized by Congress in 2003, to address HIV/AIDS in developing countries. It is the single largest effort by any nation to address a single disease internationally.

Learn More

4

Which region of the world receives the largest amount of U.S. government funding for global health?

Most U.S. government funding for global health (80%) is provided to Africa.

Most U.S. government funding for global health (80%) is provided to Africa.

Learn More

5

What is the leading cause of death in low-income countries?

Pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections, such as bronchitis and influenza, are the leading causes of death in low-income countries.

Pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections, such as bronchitis and influenza, are the leading causes of death in low-income countries. The burden of disease varies greatly across the world, especially with respect to country income. Low-income countries are the poorest countries in the world and are more likely to be hit harder by a variety of infectious diseases (e.g., pneumonia, HIV/AIDS, TB, malaria, and diarrheal diseases); while high-income countries are more heavily impacted by non-communicable diseases (e.g., heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes).

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6

What region has the highest rate of death among children under 5 years old?

Almost all child deaths (99%) occur in the developing world, with Africa being the hardest hit region.

Almost all child deaths (99%) occur in the developing world, with Africa being the hardest hit region. More than 120 children under 5 die per 1,000 live births in Africa.

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7

In how many countries around the world does the U.S. government implement global health programs?

The U.S. government implements global health programs in more than 75 countries around the world.

The U.S. government implements global health programs in more than 75 countries around the world.

Learn More

8

Which of the following is not a service the U.S. government supports with its global health funding?

Since 1973, U.S. law has prohibited the use of U.S. government funding to pay for the performance of abortion as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortion.

Since 1973, U.S. law has prohibited the use of U.S. government funding to pay for the performance of abortion as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortion.

Learn More

9

Which U.S. global health program receives the greatest amount of funding?

U.S. government funding for HIV/AIDS, through PEPFAR (the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief), comprises the largest portion of the global health budget.

U.S. government funding for HIV/AIDS, through PEPFAR (the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief), comprises the largest portion of the global health budget. In FY 2012, bilateral HIV funding alone was almost 60% of the budget and additional funding is provided to HIV through contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

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10

Which of the following organizations is the main international body charged with providing leadership on global health, including setting norms and standards?

The WHO provides international leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends.

The WHO provides international leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends. The U.S. was a founding member of the WHO and serves on its Executive Board.

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