Changes in Health Insurance Coverage in the Great Recession, 2007-2010
This issue brief examines changes in health insurance coverage over the last decade, with a focus on how changes in the economy, particularly during the “Great Recession” of 2007 to 2009, have affected coverage and the number of uninsured. The paper finds that the number of uninsured grew substantially during the first recession of the decade, increasing by 5 million people from 2000 to 2004; increased more slowly during the brief recovery, growing by 2.1 million people from 2004 to 2007; and then again rose significantly during the Great Recession, rising by 5.7 million people since 2007.
The paper also finds that coverage, especially for children, through the Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Programs helped to prevent even more people from being uninsured. While the number of uninsured children declined in recent years, the number of uninsured adults rose. The only notable drop in uninsured adults was for young adults ages 19-25 in 2010, most likely due to the provision of the health reform law that permits young adults to stay on their parents’ insurance. The paper also considers trends in coverage by work status, race and ethnicity, citizenship status and geographical region.
Issue Brief (.pdf)
also of interest
- Profiles of Medicaid Outreach and Enrollment Strategies: Using Text Messaging to Reach and Enroll Uninsured Individuals into Medicaid and CHIP
- Health Coverage and Care for American Indians and Alaska Natives
- What is Medicaid's Impact on Access to Care, Health Outcomes, and Quality of Care? Setting the Record Straight on the Evidence
- Visualizing Health Policy: Health Coverage Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA)