Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues…

The Impact of Manged Care Legislation: An Analysis of Five Legislative Proposals from California

Kaiser/Harvard National Survey Of Americans’ View On Managed Care

Introduction:
Hello, my name is _________________ and I’m calling for Princeton Survey Research. I’d like to ask a few questions of the Youngest Male age 18 or older, who is now at home. (If No Male At Home Now : Then, may I speak with the OLDEST FEMALE age 18 or older who is now at home) (Repeat Introduction If Respondent Did Not Answer The Telephone) . We’re conducting an important national opinion survey and would very much like to include your views…

D1.Record Sex
48 Male52 Female


100

For further information contact: Matt James or Tina Hoff

1.To begin, I’m going to ask how things have been going for you and your family in recent years. Compared to a few years ago, are you and your family better off, worse off, or about the same in this area…? And what about…? (Are you and your family better off in this area, worse off, or about the same?

Better Off Worse Off About the Same Don’t Know/ Refused





a. Your overall standard of living 41 10 48 1 =100 b. Your ability to save for the future 37 18 43 2 =100 c.Your ability to get good health care 31 14 53 2 =100

2.Now I’m going to read you some terms having to do with health care. As I read each one, please tell me if you know what it means, OR if you’ve heard of it, but AREN’T SURE what it means, OR if you never heard of it before this interview. (First,) what about this term…?

Know What It Means Heard of. Not Sure What It Means Never Heard of Don’t Know/Refused





a.HMO, or Health Maintenance Organization 62 24 14 *1 =100 b.Medicare 78 20 2 0 =100 c.Managed care 45 26 28 1 =100 d.Primary care doctor 70 17 12 1 =100 e.Medicaid 71 25 4 * =100 f.Gag rules for doctors 25 16 58 1 =100 g.Fee-for-service 41 15 43 1 =100

An asterisk indicates a value of less than 5 percent.

3.Next, I’d like your opinion of the job some different groups are doing in serving the needs of health care consumers. In answering, please consider everything that might be important to consumers, including quality, cost and convenience.

First, in general, do you think are doing a good job or a bad job in serving health care consumers? Next, do you think… are doing a good job or a bad job ?

Good Job Bad Job Mixed/Neither Good Nor Bad (VOL.) Don’t Know/Refused





a.Doctors 69 12 16 3 =100 b.Pharmaceutical or drug companies 62 20 11 7 =100 c.HMOs, or Health Maintenance Organizations 36 25 12 27 =100 d.Hospitals 61 18 15 6 =100 e.Health insurance companies 44 32 16 8 =100 f.Nurses 83 4 8 5 =100 g.Managed care health plans 34 21 13 32 =100

4. You said you think HMOs do a (INSERT RESPONSE FROM Q.3c– good job/bad job) of serving consumers. What is the MAIN reason you feel this way? Is it your own experience with an HMO; what you’ve learned from friends and family; or what you’ve seen or heard on television, in newspapers or other media?

Based on all who say HMOs do a good job; n=438

Based on all who say HMOs do a bad job; n=295

Good Job Bad Job



49 42 Own experience 29 32 Friends and family 17 18 TV, newspapers or other media 2 6 Other (VOL.) 3 2 Don’t know/refused


100 100

5.You said you think managed care plans do a of serving consumers. What is the MAIN reason you feel this way? Is it your own experience with a managed care plan; what you’ve learned from friends and family; or what you’ve seen or heard on television, in newspapers or other media?

Based on all who say managed care plans do a good job; n=402

Based on all who say managed care plans do a bad job; n=264

Good Job Bad Job



35 39 Own experience 32 32 Friends and family 24 22 TV, newspapers or other media 4 4 Other – VOLUNTEERED 5 3 Don’t know/refused


100 100

6.Now I’m going to read you another list of some groups in health care. This time, please tell me whether you think of each group more as a business looking out for its bottom line OR more as an organization whose main purpose is to serve people like you. (First,) what about…?

Based on Form 1 respondents; n=605

Looking Out For Bottom Line Serving People Like You Don’t Know/Refused





a.HMOs and other managed care plans 54 23 23 =100 b.Companies providing traditional health insurance coverage 63 28 9 =100 c.Hospitals 50 39 11 =100 d.Doctor’s offices and clinics 38 52 10 =100 e.Pharmacies or drugstores 48 46 6 =100

7.Now I’m going to read you some characteristics of health insurance plans. As I read each one, please tell me which type of plan you think has this characteristic — MANAGED CARE plans, TRADITIONAL health insurance plans, or both types of plans. (First,) which type of plan has this characteristic…

Based on Form 1 respondents; n=605

ManagedCare Traditional Health Plans Both -VOL-
Neither Don’t Know/
Refused






a.Patients must see their primary care or family doctor first, before they can be referred to another doctor or medical specialist. 53 14 24 1 8 =100 b.Patients must pay additional fees to use doctors or hospitals who are not part of the plan. 50 16 22 1 11 =100 c.Puts more emphasis on preventive care and other health improvement programs. 36 24 24 3 13 =100 d.Doctors must follow certain health plan guidelines on the types of treatments and drugs they can give to patients. 47 14 29 1 9 =100 e.Patients must get approval from the health insurance plan before they can receive expensive medical treatment. 48 13 30 1 8 =100 f.Offers a wider range ofbenefits at a lower cost. 39 25 19 4 13 =100 g.Nurses provide much of the routine care that was once handled by doctors 37 16 34 1 12 =100 h.Is more likely to limit payment for certain types of health services when people are sick, in order to keep costs low 48 16 26 1 9 =100

8.Health insurance plans differ from each other in a number of ways. We’d like to know how different characteristics of a health plan might affect your overall opinion of it. First, if you knew that a health plan had this characteristic… would it make your opinion of the plan more favorable, less favorable, or would it not make much difference either way? Next, what if you knew a plan had this characteristic…

Based on Form 2 respondents; n=599

More Favorable Less Favorable Wouldn’t Make Much Difference Refused Don’t know/refused





a.Patients must see their primary care or family doctor first, before they can be referred to another doctor or medical specialist. 36 42 19 3 =100 b.Patients must pay additional fees to use doctors or hospitals who are not part of the plan. 12 68 15 5 =100 c.Puts more emphasis on preventive care and other health improvement programs. 71 8 17 4 =100 d.Doctors must follow certain health plan guidelines on the types of treatments and drugs they can give to patients. 34 44 17 15 =100 e.Patients must get approval from the health insurance plan before they can receive expensive medical treatment. 21 58 18 3 =100 f.Offers a wider range of benefits at a lower cost. 80 7 10 3 =100 g.Nurses provide much of the routine care that was once handled by doctors 36 31 30 3 =100 h.Is more likely to limit payment for certain types of health services when people are sick, in order to keep costs low. 32 48 14 16 =100

ASK ALL:9.Are you, yourself, now covered by any form or health insurance or health plan, including Medicare or Medicaid?

10.How long has it been since you last had ANY kind of health insurance coverage?

82 Insured 17 Total uninsured Last Had Coverage 5 Less than a year ago 3 One to two years ago 2 Three to five years ago 5 Five or more years ago 2 Never had coverage * Don’t know when last insured 1 Don’t know if insured 100

11.Based on all your experience with your current health insurance plan, we’d like you to grade the plan’s performance. If A means excellent, B good, C average, D poor and F failing, what letter grade would you give to your health plan?

Based on all those who are insured; n=991

National National 28 A — excellent 43 B — good 19 C — average 6 D — poor 1 F — failing 2 Not with plan long enough to rate (VOL.) 1 Don’t know/refused 100

11. (Subgroup)Based on all your experience with your current health insurance plan, we’d like you to grade the plan’s performance. If A means excellent, B good, C average, D poor and F failing, what letter grade would you give to your health plan?

Based on all those who are insured; subgroup n=778

Heavy Light Traditional




20 24 33 A — excellent 44 44 43 B — good 25 20 15 C — average 7 9 4 D — poor 3 1 0 F — failing * 1 3 Not with plan long enough to rate (VOL.) 1 2 2 Don’t know/refused 100 101 100

For my next question, I want you to think about the LAST health insurance plan you had.

12.After I read you a brief description of two different types of health plans, please tell me which type you have today (had in the past) as your MAIN health coverage…

13.From what you know, is (was) your plan….
Traditional health insurance plans allow you to go to almost any doctor or hospital, but often pay only 80% of the costs of your visit.

Managed Care plans, such as HMOs and PPOs, direct you to a list of doctors and hospitals who are in the plan. If you use doctors or hospitals on the list, the plan pays all or nearly all of the costs. But you have to pay extra if you want to use a doctor or hospital who is not on the list.

To the best of you knowledge, are (were) you covered by…

Based on all who are insured or were insured in the past; n=1163

Based on all who are insured; n=991

Total Now/Past Now Covered 45 44 A traditional health insurance plan, OR 47 50 A managed care plan? 23 23 An HMO, that is, a Health Maintenance Organization 14 16 A PPO, that is, a Preferred Provider Organization, OR 5 5 Some OTHER type of managed care plan? 5 6 Don’t know which type of managed care 8 6 Don’t know/refused 100 100

Ask All:14.Now I’d like your views on HMOs and other managed care plans in general, regardless of whether you are personally in managed care. During the past few years, do you think HMOs and other managed care plans have…

a.Made it easier or harder for people who are sick to see medical specialists?25 Easier 59 Harder 4 No effect (VOL.) 12 Don’t know/refused 100

b1.Increased or decreased the quality of health care for people who are sick?

Based on Form 1 respondents; n=605

32 Increased 51 Decreased 7 No effect (VOL.) 10 Don’t know/refused 100

b2.Increased or decreased the quality of health care for patients?

Based on Form 2 respondents; n=599

32 Increased 45 Decreased 8 No effect (VOL.) 15 Don’t know/refused 100

c.Made it easier or harder to get preventive services such as immunizations, health screenings, and physical exams?

b2.Increased or decreased the quality of health care for patients?

Based on Form 2 respondents; n=599

46 Easier 31 Harder 8 No effect (VOL.) 15 Don’t know/refused 100

d.Helped keep health care costs down, or haven’t made much difference?

28 Helped 55 Haven’t made much difference 5 Made costs go up (VOL.) 12 Don’t know/refused 100

e.Increased or decreased the amount of time doctors spend with their patients?

16 Increased 61 Decreased 9 No effect (VOL.) 14 Don’t know/refused 100

15.As far as you know, do doctors in HMOs and other managed care plans make more money by increasing the amount of services and procedures to patients, OR by limiting the amount of services and procedures?

Based on Form 1 respondents; n=605

31 Increasing referrals 30 Limiting referrals 3 No difference (VOL.) 16 Don’t know/refused 100

Ask All:17.Do you think money saved by HMOs and other managed care plans…

Yes No – VOL-
Plans
Don’t Actually Save Any Money Don’t know/Refused





a.Allows employers to pay less forhealth insurance? 56 26 1 17 =100 b.Helps health insurance companiesearn more profits? 72 11 1 16 =100 c. Makes health care more affordable for people like you? 49 38 1 12 =100

18.How often do you trust Your Primary Care Or Family Doctor to do the right thing for your care? Would you say…

National 52 Just about always 31 Most of the time, OR 12 Only some of the time? 1 None of the time (VOL.) 2 Don’t have a primary care doctor (VOL.) 2 Don’t know/refused 100

18. (Subgroup)How often do you trust Your Primary Care Or Family Doctor to do the right thing for your care? Would you say…

Subgroup n = 778 Heavy Light Traditional 50 52 63 Just about always 32 36 28 Most of the time, OR 13 10 15 Only some of the time? 1 1 0 None of the time (VOL.) 1 * 4 Don’t have a primary care doctor (VOL.) 2 2 1 Don’t know/refused 99 100 101

19.How often do you trust Your Current Health Insurance Plan to do the right thing for your care? Would you say…

Based on all who are insured; n=991

National 41 Just about always 39 Most of the time, OR 16 Only some of the time? 1 None of the time (VOL.) 3 Don’t know/refused 100

19. (Subgroup)How often do you trust Your Current Health Insurance Plan to do the right thing for your care? Would you say…

Based on all who are insured; subgroup n=778

Heavy Light Traditional 30 31 35 Just about always 46 45 34 Most of the time, OR 22 19 6 Only some of the time? 1 1 1 None of the time (VOL.) 1 3 3 Don’t know/refused 100 99 99

20.If you went to the emergency room, how likely do you think it is that your health plan would pay for the visit–very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?

Based on Form 1 respondents who are insured; n=519

National 64 Very likely 24 Somewhat likely 5 Not too likely 5 Not at all likely * It depends (VOL.) 2 Don’t know/refused 100

20. (Subgroup)If you went to the emergency room, how likely do you think it is that your health plan would pay for the visit–very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?

Based on Form 1 respondents who are insured; subgroup n=409

Heavy Light Traditional 56 63 78 Very likely 31 24 18 Somewhat likely 4 6 3 Not too likely 8 3 2 Not at all likely 0 2 0 It depends (VOL.) 2 2 0 Don’t know/refused 101 100 101

21.If you had a serious medical problem requiring costly treatment, how likely do you think it is that your health plan would pay most of the cost–very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?

Based on Form 2 respondents who are insured; n=472

National 55 Very likely 33 Somewhat likely 5 Not too likely 5 Not too likely 2 Not at all likely 1 It depends (VOL.) 4 Don’t know/refused 100

21. (Subgroup)If you had a serious medical problem requiring costly treatment, how likely do you think it is that your health plan would pay most of the cost–very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?

Based on Form 2 respondents who are insured; subgroup n=369

Heavy Light Traditional 44 54 69 Very likely 42 37 23 Somewhat likely 7 6 0 Not too likely 3 2 1 Not at all likely 2 0 0 It depends (VOL.) 1 1 7 Don’t know/refused 99 99 100

Ask All:22. In the past 12 months, have you gone to an emergency room for medical care?

23.Did you have health insurance coverage the LAST time you went to an emergency room?

27 Yes 22 Insured at the time 5 Not insured * Don’t know if insured 73 No * Don’t know 100

24.Did you have a problem having the bill paid by your health insurance plan, or not?

Based on used E.R. In past year while insured; n=266

23 Yes 74 No 3 Don’t know 100
Ask All:25.In the past 12 months, was there ever a time when you thought you needed medical care from an emergency room but did not go?

26.Did you have health insurance coverage the LAST time this happened?

Refrained from using E.R. in past year
16 Yes 11 Insured at the time 5 Not insured * Don’t know if insured 84 No * Don’t know 100

27. Why didn’t you go to an emergency room for care when you thought you needed it? Was it MAINLY because you didn’t think your health plan would pay for it, or was it mainly for some other reason?

Based on refrained from using E.R. in past year while insured; n=123

41 Didn’t think plan would pay 53 Some other reason 11 Insured at the time 6 Don’t know/refused 100

28.If you were sick, how worried would you be that your Doctor would be more concerned about saving money for the health plan than about what is the best treatment for you? Would you be..

Based on all who are insured; n=991

National 12 Very worried 18 Somewhat worried 23 Not too worried, OR 2 Don’t know/refused 100

28. (Subgroup)If you were sick, how worried would you be that your Doctor would be more concerned about saving money for the health plan than about what is the best treatment for you? Would you be..

Based on all who are insured; subgroup n=778

Heavy Light Traditional 16 12 7 Very worried 25 17 16 Somewhat worried 21 27 20 Not too worried, OR 34 43 54 Not at all worried? 3 1 2 Don’t know/refused 100 100 99

29.If you were sick, how worried would you be that your Health Plan would be more concerned about saving money than about what is the best treatment for you? Would you be…

Based on all who are insured; n=991

National 18 Very worried 29 Somewhat worried 21 Not too worried, OR 30 Not at all worried? 2 Don’t know/refused 100

29. (Subgroup)If you were sick, how worried would you be that your Health Plan would be more concerned about saving money than about what is the best treatment for you? Would you be…

Based on all who are insured; subgroup n=778

Heavy Light Traditional 24 19 12 Very worried 37 32 22 Somewhat worried 19 24 24 Not too worried, OR 18 25 38 Not at all worried? 1 1 3 Don’t know/refused 99 101 99

30.We’re interested in what your health insurance plan will pay for when you are sick. As far as you know, is there a set of guidelines that allows your health plan to say “no” to certain types of treatment that are covered by the plan, or will your health plan pay for most everything your doctor thinks is necessary for your treatment?

Based on all who are insured; n=991

35 Set of guidelines allowing plan to say “no” 58 Plan will pay for everything 7 Don’t know/refused 100

31.Suppose your current health insurance plan were discontinued and you had to choose a new one for you and your family…

Suppose you had to choose a new health insurance plan for you and your family…

How important would each of the following be to you to help you choose a health plan? (First/Next), how important would it be for you to know : very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?

Very Important Somewhat Important Not Too Important Not At All Important Don’t know/Refused






a.How much you have to payfor the plan 77 19 2 1 1 =100 b.Whether the plan has a wide range of benefits or a particular benefit you need 82 14 1 1 2 =100 c.How well the health plan takes care of members who are sick or have health problems 89 8 * 1 2 =100 d.Whether the plan offers awide choice of doctors 75 18 3 2 2 =100 e.Whether the plan has passed a review and been accredited by an independent organization 58 28 5 5 4 =100 g.Whether the hospital youprefer to use is in the plan 73 18 5 3 1 =100

32.Which One of the concerns you rated as very important would be Most important to you?

22 How much you have to pay 17 Whether the plan has a wide range of benefits 25 How well the health plan takes care of members who are sick 8 Whether the plan offers a wide choice of doctors 3 Whether the plan has passed a review and been accredited 3 Whether the plan has passed a review and been accredited 3 Whether the plan has passed a review and been accredited 15 Whether your current doctor is in the plan 5 Whether your preferred hospital is in the plan * Other * 1 No item rated very important 4 Don’t know/refused 100

Ask All:33.If you had a serious complaint or problem with your health insurance plan, which ONE of the following do you think would be most helpful to you in solving that problem?

34 Someone at the plan 21 Someone at work involved with health benefits 9 A state government agency, OR 27 An independent organization like the Better Business Bureau? 1 Other 8 Don’t know/refused 100

34.Different groups in health care advertise their services in newspapers, on radio and television. During the past 12 months, have you personally seen or heard any advertisements by… , or not?

Yes No Don’t know/Refused




a.Hospitals 58 41 1 =100 b.Doctors 35 63 2 =100 c.Health insurance companies 67 31 2 =100 d.HMOs or managed care companies 61 34 5 =100

35.We’re interested in how often you think you can trust what certain groups have to say in their advertisements. First, do you think you can trust what… say in their advertisements most of the time, sometimes, hardly ever or never? And how often can you trust what… say in their advertisements?

Based on Form 1 respondents; n=605

Most ofThe Time Sometimes Hardly Ever Never Don’t know/Refused






a. Hospitals 27 40 17 11 5 =100 a. Hospitals 27 40 17 11 5 =100 b. Lawyers 15 25 25 28 7 =100 c. Health insurance companies 23 42 20 9 6 =100 c. Health insurance companies 23 42 20 9 6 =100 d Pharmaceutical or drug companies 28 38 15 15 4 =100 e. Doctors 24 36 18 14 8 =100 f. HMOs or managed care companies 19 38 19 13 1 =100 g. Politicians 11 24 28 31 6 =100

37.The number of Americans who rely on HMOs and other managed care health plans for their health coverage continues to grow. Some people say the government needs to protect consumers from being treated unfairly and not getting the care they should from managed care plans. Others say this additional government regulation isn’t worth it because it would raise the cost of health insurance too much for everyone. Which position comes Closer to your own view?

Based on Form 1 respondents; n=605

52 Government should protect consumers 40 Government regulation would raise the cost too much 8 Don’t know/refused 100

38.In recent months, different groups have said something needs to be done to regulate the operations of HMOs and other managed care plans. Would you Most like to see these managed care plans regulated by…

Based on Form 2 respondents; n=599

19 The federal government, 18 State governments, 34 An independent, non-profit organization, or 16 Not be regulated at all? 2 Regulated by other group (VOL.) 11 Don’t know/refused 100

Ask All:39.Do you think current government rules that regulate HMOs and other managed care plans are…

21 Too strict 23 About right, OR 38 Not strict enough? 18 Don’t know/refused

40.Some people say that managed care plans should give doctors financial incentives to avoid unnecessary services and hold down costs. Others say this threatens the quality of care patients receive and that doctors should not be given incentives to limit services. Which comes closer to your view?

24 Should give doctors incentives 65 Threatens quality of care 11 Don’t know/refused 100

41.Next, we’re interested in your views on media coverage of HMOs and other managed care plans. In general, do you think media coverage of HMOs and other managed care plans has been favorable, unfavorable, or mixed?

54 Fair 19 Unfair 11 Mixed/Some fair, some unfair (VOL.) 16 Don’t know/refused 100

43.During the past 12 months, how much have you personally seen or heard in the media about HMOs or managed care? Would you say a lot, some, only a little, or nothing?

18 A lot 38 Some 31 Only a little 1 Don’t know/refused 100

44.Recently, there have been some news stories about people having bad experiences with their HMOs and other managed care plans. I’m going to briefly describe a few of these news stories. After I read each one, tell me if you think this kind of experience happens often, sometimes, or rarely to people in managed care.

Here’s the (first/next) story… Do you think this happens often, sometimes, or rarely to people in managed care?

Based on Form 2 respondents; n=599

Often Sometimes Rarely Don’t know/Refused





a.”A family says their HMO held back ontheir child’s cancer treatment” 26 40 23 11 =100 b.”A man went to an emergency room for stomach pains without calling his HMO first. Afterward, the HMO refused to pay any of his bill because he failed to get permission to be treated in an emergency room.” 46 31 14 9 =100 c.”A newborn baby returned to the hospital, seriously ill, the day after he had been sent home because of an HMO rule that allowed only a one-day hospital stay. The baby had been sent home from the hospital even though his mother expressed concerns about his health” 39 34 18 9 =100

45.Now I have a few questions about your own health insurance. How long have you been enrolled in your current health plan?

Based on all who are insured; n=991

16 Less than one year 22 One to less than three years 15 Three to less than five years 15 Five to less than ten years 30 Ten years or more 2 Don’t know/refused 100

46.Are you NOW covered by a private health insurance plan through your employer or someone else’s employer, or don’t you have coverage through an employer?

Based on all who are insured; n=991

57 Yes, through own employer/former employer 16 Yes, through someone else’s employer/former employer 25 Three to less than five years 15 No, not through an employer 2 Don’t know/refused 100

47.At any time in the past five years, were you forced to change from one health plan to another because of a decision by an employer?

Based on all who are insured; n=991

21 Yes, through own employer/former employer 16 Yes 51 No 27 Don’t have employer provided coverage 1 Don’t know/refused 100

48.When you enrolled in your current health plan, did you have a choice of more than one plan, or was only one plan available?

49.How many plans were available for you to choose from?

Based on all who are insured; n=991

Had Choice of Health Plans 55 Yes 3 Eight or more plans * Seven plans 2 Six plans 5 Five plans 7 Four plans 15 Three plans 15 Two plans 8 Don’t know how many plans 41 No choice, only one plan available 4 Don’t know/refused 100

50.Earlier in this interview, I asked you about some different features of health plans. When you chose your current plan, do you think there was enough variety — or NOT enough variety — among the plans you had to choose from?

Based on all who are insured; n=991

44 Enough variety 9 Not enough variety 45 Didn’t report having a choice of plans 2 Don’t know/refused 100

51.Now, I’m going to ask you about some of the characteristics of your current health insurance plan (your LAST health insurance plan). Some plans charge less if you choose your doctor from a list, but make you pay more if you go to a doctor not on the list. Does (Did) your plan work this way, or not?

Based on all who are insured or were insured in the past; n=1163

Based on all who are insured; n=991

Total Now/Past Now Covered 49 50 Yes 43 43 No 8 7 Don’t know/refused 100 100

52.Some plans require you to sign up with a specific primary care doctor or group of doctors who provide all your routine health care. Does (Did) your plan work this way, or not?

Based on all who are insured or were insured in the past; n=1163

Based on all who are insured; n=991

Total Now/Past Now Covered 46 46 Yes 49 49 No 5 5 Don’t know/refused 100 100

53.Some plans require you to have approval or a referral before they will pay for any of your costs for visiting a doctor who is not in the plan. Does (Did) your plan work this way, or not?

Based on all who are insured or were insured in the past; n=1163

Based on all who are insured; n=991

Total Now/Past Now Covered 47 47 Yes 44 45 No 9 8 Don’t know/refused 100 100

54.Some plans require you to have a referral by a primary care doctor before you can see a medical specialist. Does (Did) your plan work this way, or not?

Based on all who are insured or were insured in the past; n=1163

Based on all who are insured; n=991

Total Now/Past Now Covered 54 53 Yes 37 39 No 9 8 Don’t know/refused 100 100

55.Some plans allow you to go to any doctor or hospital and then submit your bill for reimbursement. Does (Did) your plan work this way, or not?

Based on all who are insured or were insured in the past; n=1163

Based on all who are insured; n=991

Total Now/Past Now Covered 46 48 Yes 47 48 No 7 6 Don’t know/refused 100 100

Ask All:

56.Thinking now about your own health …In general, would you say your health is excellent, very good, good, only fair, or poor?

24 Excellent 34 Very good 27 Good 10 Only fair 4 1 Don’t know/refused 100

57.Does any disability, handicap, or chronic disease keep you from participating fully in work, school, housework, or other activities, or not?

14 Yes 85 No 1 Don’t know/refused 100

58.Were you hospitalized for anything in the past 12 months, that is, since (August/September) 1996? IF FEMALE, ADD: other than for a normal, uncomplicated delivery of a baby?

14 Yes 85 No 1 Don’t know/refused 100

59.Has a doctor or other health professional ever told you that you have any of the following conditions?

Yes No Don’t know/Refused




a.Heart disease, including high blood pressure 21 78 1 =100 b.Stroke 3 96 1 =100 c.Emotional or mental illness 5 94 1 =100 d.Cancer 6 93 1 =100 e.Diabetes 6 93 1 =100

60.As you may know, physician-assisted suicide involves a doctor giving a terminally ill patient the means to end his or her life. Do you think it should be legal for a doctor to help a terminally ill patient commit suicide, or not?

45 Yes, should be legal 44 No, should not 11 Don’t know/refused 100

Demographics:Now I have just a few questions for classification purposes only…

D2. In politics TODAY, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or Independent?

24 Republican 34 Independent 1 Other party 4 None 6 Don’t know/refused 100

D3.Are you NOW self-employed, are you employed by someone else, are you retired, or are you not employed for pay?

12 Self-employed 52 Employed by someone else 18 Retired 12 Not employed 1 Disabled (VOL.) 2 Other (full-time student, homemakers, etc.) (VOL.) 3 Don’t know/refused 100

D4.Are you NOW working full-time or part-time hours?

53 Full-time 11 Part-time 36 Not employed * Don’t know/refused 100

Ask All:D5.Are you married, LIVING AS married, divorced, separated, widowed, or have you never been married?

53 Married 2 Living as married 2 Divorced 3 Separated 9 Widowed 20 Never been married 4 Don’t know/refused 100

D6.Are you the parent or guardian of any children under 18 now living in your household?

36 Yes 61 No 3 Don’t know/refused 100

D7.What is the LAST grade or class that you COMPLETED in school?

5 None, or grade 1-8 11 High school incomplete (grades 9-11) 32 High school graduate (grade 12 or GED certificate) 3 Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school 23 Some college, no 4-year degree 16 College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree) 6 Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college (e.g., toward a master’s degree or PhD; law or medical school) 4 Don’t know/refused 100

D8.What is your age?

21 18 – 29 39 30 – 49 19 50 – 64 15 65 + 6 Refused 100

D9.Last year, that is in 1996, what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? Just stop me when I get to the right category.

8 Less than $10,000 14 $10,000 to under $20,000 15 30 – 49 20 $30,000 to under $50,000 13 $50,000 to under $75,000 6 $75,000 to under $100,000 4 $100,000 or more 4 Don’t know 16 Refused 100

D10.Are you, yourself, of Hispanic or Latino origin, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or some other Spanish background?

4 Yes 91 No 5 Don’t know/refused 100

D11.What is your race? Are you white, black, Asian, or some other race?

80 White 10 Black/African-American * Asian 3 Other 1 Mixed 6 Don’t know/refused 100

Region:

20 NE 25 MW 34 SOUTH 21 WEST 100

That completes the interview. Thank you very much for your time and cooperation. Have a nice day/evening.

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in Menlo Park, California.