The bill creates the position of â€œSpecial Coordinator for Food Securityâ€ to advise the President on international food security issues, authorizes funds for agriculture, rural development, and nutrition programs under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and fosters collaboration between eligible countries and institutions of higher learning in order to improve agricultural productivity and alleviate hunger.
U.S. Agency for International Development
From the report summary: “This report briefly discusses the legislation (State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs appropriation legislation) generally and then provides a short description of the various funding accounts as they appear in Division H, ‘Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2009,’ of the Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009 (P.L. 111-8).”
The bill would authorize â€œexisting United States Government programs, implementing authorities, and organizationsâ€ to improve â€œhealth and other basic quality of life indicators for residents of slumsâ€ by providing for â€œaffordable housing and sustainable urban development in developing countriesâ€ including access to clean water and improved sanitation.
In a statement on World Tuberculosis Day, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton listed the ways the U.S. is involved in addressing TB while also stating â€œthere is still much more to be doneâ€ and â€œthe State Department should continue and expand its commitment to reducing the global burden of TB.â€
The U.S. government sent representatives from 10 different agencies to the World Water Forum in Istanbul, Turkey in order to discuss global water and sanitation issues.
The bill directs the Administrator of USAID to establish an “Office of Volunteers for Prosperity” that will fund and oversee a fellowship program aimed at creating volunteering opportunities abroad. Fellowships would be award to individuals working on projects that address a variety of challenges facing developing countries including: “reducing child mortality and improving maternal health, providing medical and dental health care and prevention, and combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other infectious diseases.” The bill authorizes $15 million per year from 2010 to 2012.
The report “provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by answering frequently asked questions on the subject.”
The bill directs the Administrator of USAID to hire an additional 700 Foreign Services Officers (FSOs) within a year of enactment of the bill and an additional 1300 FSOs in the subsequent 2 years.
The White House designated Alonzo L. Fulgham, Chief Operating Officer (COO) and Executive Secretary (ES), as Acting Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).