The Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) forming a strategic partnership on international development to work “together to reduce poverty in developing countries and to achieve the Millennium Development Goals [MDGs].” AusAID and USAID outlined four priorities for cooperation including improving food security, maternal and child health and family planning, Afghanistan, and climate change.
U.S. Agency for International Development
The Senate Committee on Appropriations approved by a vote of 18-12 the FY 2011 State and Foreign Operations appropriations bill with the following recommendations:
Total Funding for State & Foreign Operations: $54.06 billion ($2.6 billion below the Presidentâ€™s FY11 request; $5.3 billion above the FY10 enacted level)
Global Health and Child Survival Account (GHCS): $8.239 billion ($274 million below the Presidentâ€™s request; $460 million above the FY10 enacted level) with funding for specific areas is as follows:
- HIV/AIDS activities and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: $5.85 billion
- HIV/AIDS: $5.05 billion
- Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria contribution: $800 million
- Malaria: $635.5 million
- Tuberculosis: $230 million
- Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): $100 million
- Child Survival and Maternal Health: $641 million
- Nutrition: $100 million
- Family Planning and Reproductive Health: $700 million which includes funding from multiple accounts and provides $55 million to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Millennium Challenge Corporation: $1.105 billion ($174.7 million below the Presidentâ€™s FY11 request; equal to the FY10 enacted level)
Feed the Future: $1.3 billion ($344 million below the President’s FY11 request)
“Global Gag” Rule Amendment:The Committee approved by a vote of 19-11 an amendment to the appropriations bill introduced by Senator Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ) that would codify into law President Obama’s decision to rescind the “global gag” rule (otherwise known as the Mexico City Policy), which prevented the U.S. from providing foreign assistance for family planning purposes to any organization that performed or promoted legal abortion.
- Area: Congress, Budget
- Information Type: Senate Bills
- Organization/Initiative: GHI, PEPFAR, USAID, MCC, State Dept., The Global Fund, PMI
- Issue/Condition: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Nutrition/Food Security, Family Planning/Reproductive Health, Maternal & Child Health, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)
During the 2010 SAA Borlaug Symposium in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Ethiopia Mission Director, Thomas Staal, discussed the current agricultural situation in Africa, commitments and principles to address food security issues established during the G8 Summit in Lâ€™Aquila, Italy, the guiding strategies and ongoing efforts â€“ specific to Ethiopia â€“ of the Administrationâ€™s Global Hunger and Food Security Initiative (Feed the Future), and how addressing food security issues helps address several of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
During the XIX International AIDS Conference, held in Washington, DC between July 22 and July 27, the Administration provided numerous resources, including blog posts and factsheets, summarizing the U.S. response to HIV/AIDS. Additionally, numerous Administration officials participated in the Conference including Secretary of state Hillary Clinton, Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius; U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby; and National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci. A summary of Administration resources and speeches is provided below.
President Obama provided a video message welcoming the XIX International AIDS Conference attendees. The White house also released several fact sheets on HIV/AIDS surrounding the conference.
- HIV/AIDS Prevention
- HIV/AIDS Treatment
- The Global AIDS Epidemic
- HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma and Discrimination
During remarks at the opening session of the XIX International AIDS Conference, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton discussed efforts to shift the Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from an emergency response to one that builds “sustainable health systems that will help us finally win this fight and deliver an AIDS-free generation.” Secretary Clinton also announced an additional $80 million to address mother to child transmission of HIV and an additional $37 million dedicated to new efforts to reach key populations.
U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby participated in a panel discussion where he discussed efforts to improve aid efficiency and effectiveness in the HIV response. During a State Department event titled “Turning the Tide for Women and Girls: A Dialogue on Gender and the HIV Response,” Ambassador Eric Goosby announced that $5 million from PEPFAR would be provided to Together for Girls, “a partnership between public, private, UN and U.S. Government agencies that addresses violence against children.”
- PEPFAR Launches Labs For Life with Partners, a $20 million partnership to “to help strengthen healthcare and laboratory systems in the developing world.”
- Progress on Achieving an AIDS-Free Generation
USAID participated in various events at the XIX International AIDS Conference including a satellite event that featured discussion of “the challenges and solutions to Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention in East and Southern Africa.”
Secretary Kathleen Sebelius provided remarks at the opening session of the XIX International AIDS Conference and announced a series of innovative public-private partnerships to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Secretary Sebelius also provided remarks at a State Department event titled “Turning the Tide for Women and Girls: A Dialogue on Gender and the HIV Response.”
During a plenary session at the XIX International AIDS Conference, National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci discussed the scientific advancements of the HIV/AIDS response. NIH also presented the latest AIDS research including treatment as prevention and the dapivirine vaginal ring.
- Several White House officials provided video messages describing “How Far We’ve Come on AIDS”
- Dr. Jill Biden Views the AIDS Memorial Quilt
- AIDS Memorial Quilt in the White House
- Trade and Access to Medicines: Working to Make the Two Go Hand in Hand
- Ask the Expert: Administrator Shah on the AIDS fight
- African Leaders Call for Scale up Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in East and Southern Africa
- The Journey of Life for Children Living with HIV – From Diagnosis to Adulthood
- From Evidence to Action: What Works for Women and Girls
- Social Media and Mobile @ AIDS 2012
- USG @ AIDS 2012: How to Talk About a “Cure”
- AIDS 2012: HIV in Gay and Bisexual Men
- USG @ AIDS 2012 Video: Dr. Koh and Ambassador Goosby
- The Global Perspective on HIV/AIDS and Mental Health
- 25 Years of HIV/AIDS Training has Transformed the Research Landscape
- USG @ AIDS 2012 Video: Dr. Koh and Dr. Daulaire
- Answering the Call to Action with Science
- USG at AIDS 2012: Video with Dr. Anthony Fauci
- Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton Addresses AIDS 2012
- Secretary Sebelius Addresses Opening Session of AIDS 2012
- AIDS 2012: Measuring Progress by Lives Saved
- A Historical Perspective on the International AIDS Conference
- US Leads Effort to Build on Success in HIV Vaccine Science
- AIDS 2012 and HRSA
- Peace Corps Volunteers Contribute to Sustainable Responses to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic
- New Media Sessions and Activities at AIDS 2012
- NIH Leadership at the XIX International AIDS Conference
- AIDS 2012: Listening, Learning and Working Together to Help Turn the Tide
- Our Research in Kenya: Finding Ways to Improve HIV Treatment Access and Outcomes
- Making Every Dollar Count in the Fight against Global HIV/AIDS
Department of Labor:
- Area: Administration
- Information Type: Statements & Speeches, Events & Hearings, Reports & Factsheets, Announcement
- Organization/Initiative: PEPFAR, USAID, State Dept., White House, HHS, NIH, CDC, DoL
- Issue/Condition: HIV/AIDS, Women & Girls, Maternal & Child Health, Health System Strengthening (HSS)
CBO releases cost estimate of "Donald M. Payne International Food Assistance Improvement Act of 2012"
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) released a cost estimate of the “Donald M. Payne International Food Assistance Improvement Act of 2012” (H.R. 4141). The CBO “estimates that implementing H.R. 4141 would cost $1 million over the 2013-2017 period, assuming the availability of appropriated funds.”
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled “Global Access to Clean Drinking Water and Sanitation: U.S. and International Programs.” According to the summary “[t]his report addresses congressional efforts to address limited access to clean drinking water and sanitation, outlines related programs implemented by USAID and MCC, and analyzes issues related to U.S. and international drinking water and sanitation programs that the 112th Congress might consider.”
State Department releases fact sheet titled "The United States Commitment to the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves – Year Two Progress Report"
The State Department released a fact sheet titled “The United States Commitment to the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves – Year Two Progress Report,” which summarizes the accomplishments and funding amounts provided by the U.S. government agencies involved in the alliance.
GAO releases report on USAID's ability to target international food assistance to vulnerable populations
The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report titled “International Food Assistance: Improved Targeting Would Help Enable USAID to Reach Vulnerable Groups,” which “(1) describe[s] in-country factors that USAID and its implementing partners face in targeting vulnerable groups, and (2) examine[s] the extent to which USAID’s targeting process supports effective targeting.”
Based on its analysis, the GAO recommended “that the Administrator of USAID improve USAID’s targeting of specialized food products to vulnerable groups by (1) issuing, as appropriate, improved interim guidance to assist implementing partners in deciding whether and how to target specialized food products; and (2) establishing and reporting program-specific indicators related to targeted vulnerable groups, to assess effectiveness in reaching such groups.”
The Senate Committee on Foreign Relations approved the “Senator Paul Simon Water for the World Act of 2011” (S. 641). The stated purpose of the bill, which was originally introduced in March of 2011, is “(1) to enable first-time access to safe water and sanitation, on a sustainable basis, for 100,000,000 people in high priority countries . . . within 6 years of the date of enactment of this Act through direct funding, development activities, and partnerships; and (2) to enhance the capacity of the United States Government to fully implement the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005.” Among other things, the proposed bill would create water related positions at both the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the State Department and also authorizes specific water and sanitation related activities.
- Senate Report accompanying the bill (#112-194).
Senator John Kerry (D-MA) introduced the “Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Act of 2012” (S. 3341), which requires the Secretary of State to conduct a review of U.S. diplomacy and development efforts every four years. Among other things, the bill states that “[e]ach quadrennial diplomacy and development review (QDDR) shall be a comprehensive examination of the national diplomacy and development policy and strategic framework of the United States,” and outlines specific areas and topics that should be reviewed and addressed.