In an effort to inform the discussion on the Administration’s plans to develop a “new global approach to hunger,” GAO summarized and evaluated previous food assistance reports with the objectives of “(1) updat[ing] U.S. agencies’ responses to GAO’s previous international food assistance recommendations and (2) identif[ing] potential oversight questions for Congressional consideration.” As a result of this evalution, the GAO “identified five issues for Congressional consideration to ensure more efficient and effective international food assistance: (1) coordination and integration, (2) needs assessments and market information, (3) transportation and logistics, (4) nutrition and food quality control, and (5) monitoring and evaluation.”
U.S. Agency for International Development
President Obama discusses U.S. global health and food security strategies at Clinton Global Initiative
During a speech at the annual meeting of the Clinton Global Initiative, President Obama summarized the U.S. global health strategy as “building on successes in the fight against HIV/AIDS and working to end deaths from malaria and TB and to end polio.” The President stated that “these efforts will only be sustained if we improve the capacity of public health systems to deliver care, especially for mothers and children.” Finally, the President stated that new U.S. investments in food security would focus on sharing “new methods and technologies so that countries and communities can become more self-sufficient.”
USAID contributed $75 million to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) “to improve and expand children’s immunization programs in developing countries.” In its press release, USAID characterized the contribution as “part of the overall U.S. commitment to global health and the new global health initiative, a 6-year, $63 billion dollar effort announced by President Obama in May.”
In a hearing before the Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, staff from the General Accountability Office (GAO) provided testimony on the opportunities and challenges of local and regional procurement (LRP) of U.S. food aid.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) released a report titled “Decades of Progress: USAID’s Child Survival and Maternal Health Program” summarizing USAID’s efforts and approach towards improving child and maternal health globally.
As required by the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005, the State Department released its 4th annual report to Congress “describing U.S. Government efforts to expand access to safe drinking water and sanitation, improve water resources management and increase water productivity in developing countries.” According to the report, “the United States obligated more than $1 billion for water- and sanitation-related activities in developing countries (excluding Iraq)” and “includes â€“ for the first time â€“ country specific plans for achieving U.S. goals and objectives along with measurable indicators to track progress and report results.”
This report provides an overview of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) outlining the implementation process and summarizing a set of “select issues”: funding, authorizing legislation and MCC reform, compact size, speed of implementation, compact sectors, compact impact, changing costs, and the role of USAID and the future of agency programs in MCC countries.
Among other things, the proposed bill addresses public health and climate change, and creates the â€œClimate Change Health Protection and Promotion Fundâ€ to be used for investigating and addressing the impacts of climate change on public health. The bill also directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to provide â€œtechnical assistance for the development, implementation, and support of preparedness and response plans to anticipate and reduce the health threats of climate change in developing countriesâ€ and authorizes the Secretary to distribute funds to the departments, agencies, foreign governments, and other relevant entities.
Additionally, the proposed bill establishes an â€œInternational Climate Change Adaptation Programâ€ and authorizes the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and Administrators of USAID and the EPA, to provide both bilateral and multilateral assistance in order to help developing countries address the impacts of climate change. Among other areas, assistance provided under this program would be directed towards addressing the impacts of climate change on water availability, agricultural productivity and health. Finally, the program requires the Administrator of USAID to provide an annual report on the implications of climate change in developing countries including changes in the availability of resources, agricultural productivity, and the prevalence or virulence of climate-related diseases.
Timeline of the bill:
- Introduced on May 15, 2009 and referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce. The bill was also referred to the Committees on Foreign Affairs, Financial Services, Education and Labor, Science and Technology, Transportation and Infrastructure, Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.
- Approved by a vote of 33-25 in the House Committee on Energy and Commerce on May 21, 2009.
- The bill passed a vote of the full House (219-212) on June 26, 2009.
This report is an update to the May 26th report, “The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) ‘Swine Flu’ Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases,” which provides an overview of the U.S. role in the global response to the H1N1 influenza outbreak highlighting efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Agency for International Development, and summarizing potential issues for future consideration.
The report “provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by answering frequently asked questions on the subject.”