In an Op-Ed for Global Health and Diplomacy titled “Saving More Lives Than Ever,” Secretary of State Hillary Clinton highlights U.S. efforts to address global health issues and summarizes recent actions to improve upon these efforts through the Global Health Initiative (GHI) and by elevating health as a diplomatic priority, which includes creation of the new Office of Global Health Diplomacy at the Department of State.
President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report titled “Ensuring Drug Quality in Global Health Programs”, which “examined (1) the regulatory and policy requirements intended to ensure the quality of drugs procured with U.S. aid funds and (2) the systems in place to monitor drug quality in supply chains used by programs receiving U.S. foreign aid funds.” The GAO did not make any recommendations in this report.
During the XIX International AIDS Conference, held in Washington, DC between July 22 and July 27, the Administration provided numerous resources, including blog posts and factsheets, summarizing the U.S. response to HIV/AIDS. Additionally, numerous Administration officials participated in the Conference including Secretary of state Hillary Clinton, Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius; U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby; and National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci. A summary of Administration resources and speeches is provided below.
President Obama provided a video message welcoming the XIX International AIDS Conference attendees. The White house also released several fact sheets on HIV/AIDS surrounding the conference.
- HIV/AIDS Prevention
- HIV/AIDS Treatment
- The Global AIDS Epidemic
- HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma and Discrimination
During remarks at the opening session of the XIX International AIDS Conference, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton discussed efforts to shift the Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from an emergency response to one that builds “sustainable health systems that will help us finally win this fight and deliver an AIDS-free generation.” Secretary Clinton also announced an additional $80 million to address mother to child transmission of HIV and an additional $37 million dedicated to new efforts to reach key populations.
U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby participated in a panel discussion where he discussed efforts to improve aid efficiency and effectiveness in the HIV response. During a State Department event titled “Turning the Tide for Women and Girls: A Dialogue on Gender and the HIV Response,” Ambassador Eric Goosby announced that $5 million from PEPFAR would be provided to Together for Girls, “a partnership between public, private, UN and U.S. Government agencies that addresses violence against children.”
- PEPFAR Launches Labs For Life with Partners, a $20 million partnership to “to help strengthen healthcare and laboratory systems in the developing world.”
- Progress on Achieving an AIDS-Free Generation
USAID participated in various events at the XIX International AIDS Conference including a satellite event that featured discussion of “the challenges and solutions to Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention in East and Southern Africa.”
Secretary Kathleen Sebelius provided remarks at the opening session of the XIX International AIDS Conference and announced a series of innovative public-private partnerships to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Secretary Sebelius also provided remarks at a State Department event titled “Turning the Tide for Women and Girls: A Dialogue on Gender and the HIV Response.”
During a plenary session at the XIX International AIDS Conference, National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci discussed the scientific advancements of the HIV/AIDS response. NIH also presented the latest AIDS research including treatment as prevention and the dapivirine vaginal ring.
- Several White House officials provided video messages describing “How Far We’ve Come on AIDS”
- Dr. Jill Biden Views the AIDS Memorial Quilt
- AIDS Memorial Quilt in the White House
- Trade and Access to Medicines: Working to Make the Two Go Hand in Hand
- Ask the Expert: Administrator Shah on the AIDS fight
- African Leaders Call for Scale up Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in East and Southern Africa
- The Journey of Life for Children Living with HIV – From Diagnosis to Adulthood
- From Evidence to Action: What Works for Women and Girls
- Social Media and Mobile @ AIDS 2012
- USG @ AIDS 2012: How to Talk About a “Cure”
- AIDS 2012: HIV in Gay and Bisexual Men
- USG @ AIDS 2012 Video: Dr. Koh and Ambassador Goosby
- The Global Perspective on HIV/AIDS and Mental Health
- 25 Years of HIV/AIDS Training has Transformed the Research Landscape
- USG @ AIDS 2012 Video: Dr. Koh and Dr. Daulaire
- Answering the Call to Action with Science
- USG at AIDS 2012: Video with Dr. Anthony Fauci
- Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton Addresses AIDS 2012
- Secretary Sebelius Addresses Opening Session of AIDS 2012
- AIDS 2012: Measuring Progress by Lives Saved
- A Historical Perspective on the International AIDS Conference
- US Leads Effort to Build on Success in HIV Vaccine Science
- AIDS 2012 and HRSA
- Peace Corps Volunteers Contribute to Sustainable Responses to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic
- New Media Sessions and Activities at AIDS 2012
- NIH Leadership at the XIX International AIDS Conference
- AIDS 2012: Listening, Learning and Working Together to Help Turn the Tide
- Our Research in Kenya: Finding Ways to Improve HIV Treatment Access and Outcomes
- Making Every Dollar Count in the Fight against Global HIV/AIDS
Department of Labor:
- Area: Administration
- Information Type: Statements & Speeches, Events & Hearings, Reports & Factsheets, Announcement
- Organization/Initiative: PEPFAR, USAID, State Dept., White House, HHS, NIH, CDC, DoL
- Issue/Condition: HIV/AIDS, Women & Girls, Maternal & Child Health, Health System Strengthening (HSS)
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled “State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations”. According to the summary, “[t]his report analyzes the FY2013 request and congressional action related to FY2013 State-Foreign Operations legislation.”
- Area: Congress, Budget
- Information Type: Reports & Factsheets
- Organization/Initiative: GHI, PEPFAR, USAID, MCC, FtF, State Dept., The Global Fund, CRS
- Issue/Condition: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Nutrition/Food Security, Water, Family Planning/Reproductive Health, Maternal & Child Health, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), Pandemic Influenza
Representative Barbara Lee (D-CA, 9th) introduced a concurrent resolution (H.Con.Res. 131) in the House “expressing support for continued international cooperation to combat HIV/AIDS.” Among other things, the resolution states that Congress “urges continued United States leadership in the fight against HIV/AIDS; and calls upon nations to develop and implement effective AIDS strategies [and]. . . provide adequate resources that are targeted appropriately to address the epidemic.”
CBO releases cost estimate of "Donald M. Payne International Food Assistance Improvement Act of 2012"
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) released a cost estimate of the “Donald M. Payne International Food Assistance Improvement Act of 2012” (H.R. 4141). The CBO “estimates that implementing H.R. 4141 would cost $1 million over the 2013-2017 period, assuming the availability of appropriated funds.”
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled “U.S. Response to the Global Threat of HIV/AIDS: Basic Facts.” According to the summary, “[t]his report outlines basic facts related to global HIV/AIDS, including characteristics of the epidemic and U.S. legislation, programs, funding, and partnerships related to global HIV/AIDS. It concludes with a brief description of some of the major issues that might be considered by the 112th Congress in its response to the disease.”
The White House released the “U.S. Strategy Toward Sub-Saharan Africa” outlining the specific objectives, including global health and food security objectives, the U.S. government will pursue in the region.
- White House Fact Sheet: “The New Strategy Toward Sub-Saharan Africa”
- White House Fact Sheet: “Obama Administration Accomplishments in Sub-Saharan Africa”
- White House Blog: “The Future of America’s Partnership with Sub-Saharan Africa”
The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report titled “President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief: Agencies Can Enhance Evaluation Quality, Planning, and Dissemination,” which details its review of “PEPFAR evaluation activities, . . . the extent to which evaluation findings, conclusions, and recommendations were supported, and . . . the extent to which PEPFAR policies and procedures adhere to established general evaluation principles.”
Based on its analysis, the GAO recommended “that State work with CDC and USAID to (1) improve adherence to common evaluation standards, (2) develop PEPFAR evaluation plans, (3) provide guidance for assessing and documenting evaluators’ independence and qualifications, and (4) increase online accessibility of evaluation results.”
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled “The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S. Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013.” According to the summary, “[t]his report provides background information on the Global Fund, outlines U.S. funding for the Fund, discusses changes the Global Fund has made to improve the efficiency of its programs and address allegations of corruption, and analyzes issues Congress might consider as it debates the appropriate level of U.S support to provide the Fund.”