In a State Department DipNote blog post titled “Strengthening Global Health By Elevating Diplomacy,” U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby stated that he accepted Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s request to lead the new Office of Global Health Diplomacy at the Department of State. Ambassador Goosby also stated that he will remain in his role as U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and the new office will work to support U.S. ambassadors, improve sustainability of programs, and foster improved coordination among stakeholders.
President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
The Presidentâ€™s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released a report titled “Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Expert Panel Report and Recommendations to the U.S. Congress and U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator.” This report, which was mandated by Congress in the 2008 PEPFAR reuthorization (P.L. 110-293), provides an overview of HIV among women and children, summarizes the effectiveness of current PMTCT interventions, and highlights the challenges and opportunities to improve PMTCT. The report concludes with a series of recommendations to the Global AIDS Coordinator and Congress for the scale-up of PMTCT services.
In a speech titled â€œDevelopment in the 21st Century,â€ Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton discussed elevating development as a central pillar of U.S. foreign policy and an intention â€œto rebuild USAID into the world’s premier development agency.â€ She emphasized a new commitment to results and outlined six approaches currently underway â€œto make sure that development delivers lasting resultsâ€:
1) Adopt a model of development that emphasizes partnerships with countries, multilateral organizations, NGOs, Universities, and the private sector;
2) Elevate development and integrate development more closely with defense and diplomacy in the field;
3) Improve the coordination of development across federal agencies and reduce reliance on contractors by increasing staff and expertise at USAID and the State Department;
4) Target investment and develop technical excellence in a few key areas, such as health, agriculture, security, education, energy, and local governance;
5) Increase investment in innovation; and
6) Increase investment on women and girls, who are critical to advancing social, economic, and political progress.
As part of the Third Replenishment of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria the Obama Administration announced a 3-year, $4 billion (FY11-FY13) pledge and a “Call to Action” to the Global Fund aimed at “develop[ing] and implement[ing] a set of reforms to maximize the impact of Global Fund grants.” Additionally, a press release from the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) on the new commitment and “Call to Action” states that future U.S. contributions to the Global Fund would be based on a “review of: 1) measurable progress in delivering on an action agenda for improved grant impact, 2) maintaining the Global Fundâ€™s focus on combating the three diseases, and 3) continued financial support from other donors.”
The United States and Ethiopia signed the “Five-Year Partnership Framework in Support of the Ethiopian National Response to HIV/AIDS 2010-2014,” a strategic plan guiding the joint efforts of the two countries, and other stakeholders, to address the impacts of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. The President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Partnership Framework is intended “to increase the effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability of the national response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ethiopia” and includes â€œthe goals of providing health and related social services for most-at-risk populations, as well as strengthening arrangements, such as the International Health Partnership (IHP+) and other multilateral and bilateral relationships.â€
HHS and PEPFAR announces 5-year, $130 million commitment for partnership aimed at increasing the number of health workers in Africa
A press release from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced a 5-year, $130 million commitment by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) for the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI), an effort originally announced in March 2010 aimed at increasing the number of health care workers in Africa. U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby stated “MEPI will strengthen national plans to improve medical instruction and bolster the overall health care delivery systems.”
GAO Report – Trends in U.S. Spending for Global HIV/AIDS and Other Health Assistance in Fiscal Years 2001-2008
The report analyzes U.S. bilateral funding (in the form of disbursements) for global HIV/AIDS and other health-related programs in FY01-FY08. Additionally, the report provides information on the models used by the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) to estimate HIV treatment costs.
The United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released its FY 2010 Operational Plan and an update to its FY 2009 Operational Plan.
PEPFAR Operational Plans “provide programmatic descriptions and budgetary information for the Emergency Plan. These Operational Plans describe the planned uses of all sources of U.S. government (USG) international HIV/AIDS funding by fiscal year, some of which are described in further detail in congressional justifications and related documents produced by other USG agencies.”
President Obama proclaimed December 1, 2010 as World AIDS Day. In the proclomation, President Obama summarized the actions taken by his Administration to combat HIV/AIDS including, among other things, elimination of the HIV/AIDS travel ban and the HIV prevention, treatment and care programs supported by the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the Global Health Initiative (GHI).
The United States and Zambia signed a Partnership Framework, which “represents joint collaboration to achieve Zambia’s five-year objective: A nation free from the threat of HIV and AIDS.” The framework “outlines national priorities and roles and responsibilities in the fight.”