The proposed bill authorizes appropriations for the Department of State and the Peace Corps for fiscal years 2010 and 2011.
U.S. Department of State
The State Department released a fact sheet titled “One Table: Advancing Agriculture to End Hunger” that summarizes U.S. policies aimed at addressing chronic hunger throughout the world. The fact sheet states that the U.S. “objective is to build sustainable agriculture systems so all people have reliable access to nutritious food” and includes a list of “principles” and “key areas” that guide the U.S. approach to address chronic hunger.
In a statement at the annual Executive Board meeting of the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA), B. Glenn Griffin, representative from the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration stated that the U.S. supports the “Program of Action” developed at the International Conference on Population in Cairo (1994) as the “clearest roadmap for meeting the reproductive needs of women around the world” and that the U.S. “strongly encourages and supports UNFPA’s effort to expand access to family planning and maternal health services” in Africa.
In a speech at the Brookings Institution titled “Diplomacy and Development in the 21st Century: A Conversation with Senator John Kerry,” Senator Kerry summarized his views on the current state of U.S. diplomatic and development institutions and suggested a number of reforms that would “strengthen our civilian institutions to adequately address the challenges of the 21st century.” Some of these reforms include:
- Increasing resources, personnel and training;
- Improving coordination of U.S. foreign assistance programs;
- Clarifying the policies and goals of U.S. foreign assistance;
- Reauthorizing the Foreign Assistance Act; and
- Rebalancing the decision-making process between Washington and the field.
Senator Kerry also announced that he would be “introducing two pieces of legislation: a Foreign Affairs Authorization Act that will authorize the State Department and related accounts, and an initial foreign aid reform bill.”
Secretary of State Clinton testifies before a Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on the FY 2010 budget for the Department of State
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton testified before the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs on the FY 2010 budget for the Department of State. In her remarks, Secretary Clinton discussed food security, global health issues, and USAID staffing levels.
Secretary of State Clinton testifies before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Foreign Policy Priorities in the FY 2010 International Affairs Budget
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton testified before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on the FY 2010 budget for the Department of State. In her remarks, Secretary Clinton discussed global health issues and USAID staffing levels.
The proposed bill authorizes appropriation levels for the Department of State for FY2010 and FY2011 and directs the Secretary of State to make specific reforms in U.S. foreign relation policy. Among other things, the proposed bill incorporates aspects of other recently introduced bills to protect girls by preventing child marriage.
Deputy Secretary of State Jack Lew testified before the House Foreign Affair Committee on the FY 2010 International Affairs. During his testimony, Deputy Secretary Lew discussed the “principles and priorities that underlie President Obama’s international affairs budget request for 2010” including “five smart power funding objectives.” These objectives include:
1) Building civilian capacity at the Department of State and USAID;
2) Promoting long-term development and human security by addressing economic development and good governance, food security, education needs, global climate change, and global health;
3) Enhancing strategic bilateral and multilateral partnerships;
4) Strengthening global security capabilities; and
5) Maintaining the resources to respond to humanitarian needs.
The proposed bill requires “the use of long-term strategies for United States national security, diplomacy, and foreign assistance and the full use of performance-based budgeting for foreign assistance programs, projects, and activities.”
The United States has been elected by the United Nations General Assembly to a 3 year term on the UN Human Rights Council.