The report summarizes the recommendations of 14 studies written between 2001 and 2008 on foreign aid reform.
U.S. Department of State
The resolution expresses the sense that the Senate supports World Water Day and urges the State Department and USAID to increase efforts to provide safe sanitation and drinking water.
Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, discusses PEPFAR and U.S. global health policy during International AIDS Society Conference
During the 5th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, discussed U.S. global health policy and the role of PEPFAR under the new Administration.
Secretary of State Clinton’s statements and actions on global health issues during diplomatic trip to India and Thailand
On July 17, 2009, Secretary of State Clinton began an seven day diplomatic trip to India and Thailand. During her trip Secretary Clinton discussed U.S. global health policy before the Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), food security during a tour of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, and agreed to a “Strategic Diaglogue” with the Government of India that included health as one of “five principal pillars.”
GAO Report – President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief: Partner Selection and Oversight Follow Accepted Practices but Would Benefit from Enhanced Planning and Accountability
In this report, “GAO examined practices used in (1) selecting organizations to implement PEPFAR activities and (2) overseeing these organizationsâ€™ PEPFAR activities.” Additionally, “GAO recommends that the Secretary of State direct OGAC to take several steps to improve specific processes for selecting PEPFAR implementing partners and strengthen oversight of PEPFAR partners.”
During town hall meetings at both the State Department and USAID, Secretary of State Clinton announced a plan to conduct a Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR). Secretary Clinton stated that the QDDR will help “the Department and USAID to get ahead of emerging threats and opportunities and to make the case effectively for OMB, the Congress, and the people of our country for the resources we need.” Secretary Clinton also stated that the QDDR will provide the State Department and USAID “with a comprehensive assessment for organizational reform and improvements to our policy, strategy, and planning processes” and is “central to effective coordination between the State Department and USAID.”
The 2010 State and Foreign Operations appropriations bill that was approved by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on July 9, 2009 includes the following funding amounts relevant to global health:
- $7.77 billion total funding for global health and child survival programs;
- $1.5 billion for agricultural assistance and food security; and
- $315 million for water and sanitation programs.
Timeline of the bill:
- Introduced, referred to and reported on favorably by the Senate Committee on Appropriations, and placed on the Senate Legislative Calendar on July 9, 2009.
The purpose of GROWTH Act of 2009 as stated in the bill text is â€œto ensure that the policies of the United States actively promote development and economic opportunities for women.â€ The bill directs the President to â€œpay special attention to the needs of women in developing countriesâ€ by providing, among other things, â€œbasic health and HIV/AIDS education.â€
The State Department released a fact sheet titled “The U.S. Commitment to Development” that summarizes the U.S. commitment â€œto helping the worldâ€™s poor through a broad variety of mechanisms.â€ The fact sheet provides an overview of existing U.S. development programs and initiatives, such as the Millennium Challenge Account and the Presidentâ€™s Global Health Initiative, as well as U.S. involvement in specific issue areas, such as food security, water, and sanitation issues.
As required by the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005, the State Department released its 4th annual report to Congress “describing U.S. Government efforts to expand access to safe drinking water and sanitation, improve water resources management and increase water productivity in developing countries.” According to the report, “the United States obligated more than $1 billion for water- and sanitation-related activities in developing countries (excluding Iraq)” and “includes â€“ for the first time â€“ country specific plans for achieving U.S. goals and objectives along with measurable indicators to track progress and report results.”