- Area: Congress, Budget
- Organization/Initiative: GHI, USAID, MCC, State Dept., The Global Fund, HHS, DoD, CDC
- Issue/Condition: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Nutrition/Food Security, Water, Family Planning/Reproductive Health, Maternal & Child Health, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), Pandemic Influenza
Representative Russ Carnahan (D-MO, 3rd) introduced the “Contingency Operations Oversight and Interagency Enhancement Act of 2011” (H.R. 3660). The proposed bill would establish the “United States Office for Contingency Operations”, an independent agency reporting to the Department of State and the Department of Defense charged with coordinating U.S. stabilization and reconstruction efforts in foreign countries. The bill would also establish the “Stabilization and Reconstruction Emergency Reserve Fund” for, among other things, the “development of water and sanitation infrastructure, . . . providing food distribution and development of sustained production, . . . [and] providing healthcare relief and developing sustained healthcare.”
President Obama released “United States National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security” and issued an executive order directing implementation of the plan. The stated goal of the plan is “to empower half the world’s population as equal partners in preventing conflict and building peace in countries threatened and affected by war, violence and insecurity.” The plan includes provisions addressing health.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton testified before multiple congressional committees (see Additional Information below) on the FY 2012 State and Foreign Operations budget request.
In testimony before the House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, Jacquelyn Williams-Bridgers, Managing Director of International Affairs and Trade at the Government Accountability Office (GAO) discussed “four cross-cutting areas of U.S. foreign policy as implemented by State & USAID: (1) investments in key partner nations, (2) building the capacity of U.S. agencies to advance foreign policy priorities, (3) contractor oversight and accountability, and (4) strategic planning and performance measurement.”
The stated purpose of the proposed bill is “(1) to enable first-time access to safe water and sanitation, on a sustainable basis, for 100,000,000 people in high priority countries . . . within 6 years of the date of enactment of this Act through direct funding, development activities, and partnerships; and (2) to enhance the capacity of the United States Government to fully implement the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005.” Among other things, the proposed bill would create water related positions at both the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the State Department and authorizes specific water and sanitation related activities aimed at fulfilling the goals of the bill.
Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Johnnie Carson, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Deputy Assistant Administrator Rajakumari Jandhyala, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby, and Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Vice President for Compact Implementation Patrick Fine testified before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on African Affairs, on the FY 2012 budget request for Africa.
The State Department announced that “the United States intends to provide approximately $36 million to programs for humanitarian relief, reconstruction, and community stabilization to aid those affected by the crisis” in the Kyrgyz Republic.