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State Department releases fact sheet titled “The U.S. Commitment to Cookstoves in Africa”

The State Department released a fact sheet titled “The U.S. Commitment to Cookstoves in Africa” highlighting the efforts of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves as well as the U.S. commitment of more than $50 million over five years to the Alliance.

The President’s Malaria Initiative and Peace Corps announce collaborative malaria effort in Africa

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah, Peace Corps Director Aaron Williams, and the President’s Malaria Initiative’s (PMI) U.S. Global Malaria Coordinator Rear Admiral Tim Ziemer, announced a new collaborative effort whereby Peace Corps Volunteers will work “with PMI in-country staff to support malaria control program efforts” in Africa.

CRS Report – “State, Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Guide to Component Accounts”

This report provides an overview of appropriations for State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, and includes summaries of specific accounts, such as the Global Health and Child Survival (GHCS), which are considered part of the overall 150 International Affairs Budget Function in appropriations legislation.

Statements and Resources from the Administration Commemorating World AIDS Day

The following U.S. government agencies and Administration officials released statements commemorating World AIDS Day:

President Barack Obama:

In a video message delivered at the opening of a White House event commemorating World AIDS Day, President Obama summarized the actions taken by his Administration, both domestically and globally, to address HIV/AIDS and called for a recommitment “to building on the tremendous progress we’ve made both in preventing and treating the disease and ending the stigma and discrimination that too often surround it.”

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton:

Secretary Clinton highlighted recent actions by the Administration that contribute to the fight against HIV/AIDS including, among other things, efforts to address AIDS a central component of the GHI, the multi-year commitment to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the efforts through PEPFAR to make “smart investments”.

Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius:

In a statement and during remarks provided at a White House event commemorating World AIDS Day, Secretary Sebelius highlighted actions by the Administration responding to the HIV epidemic in the U.S. and summarized recent advances in scientific research.

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah:

Administrator Shah released a statement highlighting recent research efforts focused on HIV prevention and stated that “our goal is to provide proven safe and effective HIV prevention products to the most vulnerable populations as quickly as possible.”

U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby:

In a State Department DipNote blog post titled “Saving Lives Through Smart Investments”, Ambassador Goosby, in response to questions regarding the Administration’s ability to maintain its commitment to addressing HIV/AIDS during challenging economic times, stated that “through a range of actions, the Obama Administration is demonstrating that the U.S. commitment remains firm.” Ambassador Goosby proceeded to summarize and provide examples of the actions being taken.

U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Ambassador Susan Rice:

Ambassador Rice released a statement highlighting the results of the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and summarizing how President Obama’s Global Health Initiative (GHI) will build on the efforts of PEPFAR to address the impacts of HIV.

National Institutes of Health (NIH):
A statement from the NIH titled “Building on Success: Step by Step, Researchers Gaining Ground on HIV/AIDS” highlighted past and ongoing research efforts at the agency to address the disease. The statement included comments from NIH Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D. and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D.

Peace Corps:

The Peace Corps released a statement highlighting the role that its volunteers have played to address the impacts of the disease.

State Department releases fact sheet titled “The U.S. Record on Financing for Development in 2009″

The fact sheet provides an overview of official development assistance (ODA) provided by the United States in 2009 including funding amounts by relevant U.S. agencies and departments and summary information of assistance provided for specific programmatic sectors such as: Global Health; Food Security, Agriculture and Nutrition; and Water Supply and Sanitation.

Congressional Budget Office – Cost Estimate of S. 2971: Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) “estimates that implementing the bill would cost $24.3 billion over the 2011-2015 period . . . [and] that enacting the bill would increase direct spending by $53 million over the 2011-2020 period.”

Congressional Budget Office – Cost Estimate of S. 1382: Peace Corps Improvement and Expansion Act of 2010

Stating that “S. 1382 would indefinitely authorize the appropriation of such sums as may be necessary to
carry out the purposes of the Peace Corps,” the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) “that implementing the bill would cost about $2.5 billion over the 2011-2015 period, assuming that the estimated amounts are appropriated and that outlays follow historical spending patterns for Peace Corps programs.”

S. 1382 – Peace Corps Improvement and Expansion Act of 2009

The proposed bill requires the Director of the Peace Corps to conduct a detailed assessment “to determine how best: 1) to strengthen the management capabilities and program effectiveness of the Peace Corps; 2) to expand opportunities for Peace Corps volunteers; and C) to increase the size of the Peace Corps.” The bill also requires the Director of the Peace Corps to develop a strategic plan with 1-year and 5-year goals that are based on the previously described assessment. The bill authorizes $450 million in 2010, $575 million in 2011, and $700 million in 2012 in order to fulfill the requirements outlined in the bill.

Timeline of the bill:

- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on June 25, 2009.

- Reported favorably out of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on April 13, 2010.

GAO Report – Global Food Security: U.S. Agencies Progressing on Governmentwide Strategy, but Approach Faces Several Vulnerabilities

For this report, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) “examined (1) the types and funding of food security programs and activities of relevant U.S. government agencies; and (2) progress in developing an integrated U.S. governmentwide strategy to address global food insecurity as well as potential vulnerabilities of that strategy.”

Based on its analysis, the GAO provided two recommendations to the Secretary of State to improve U.S. global food security efforts: “(1) develop an operational definition of food security that is accepted by all U.S. agencies, establish a methodology for consistently reporting comprehensive data across agencies, and periodically inventory agencies’ food security-related programs and funding; and (2) collaborate with other agency heads to finalize a governmentwide strategy that delineates measures to mitigate the risks associated with the host country-led approach.”