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Millennium Challenge Corporation

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MCC CEO responds to letter from Senators Kerry and Lugar on the challenges facing the MCC

Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) CEO Daniel Yohannes responded to a letter from Senators Kerry (D-MA) and Lugar (R-IN) that outlined several challenges facing the MCC moving forward. Specifically, CEO Yohannes addressed the Senators’ comments on coordinating with other USG agencies, the MCC’s Threshold Program, concurrent and regional compacts, and greater innovation.

CRS Report – State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

From the report summary: “This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434), and passage of H.R. 3288, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, signed into law Dec. 16, 2009 (P.L. 111-117).”

White House releases FY 2011 Budget

The White House released the FY 2011 budget request, which included the following funding totals for the U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI) and other global health and related activities:

Global Health Initiative (GHI) total: $9.572 billion, including

- $8.513 billion from State & Foreign Operations Global Health & Child Survival (GHCS) account, and

- $1.059 billion from HHS, DoD, and other State & Foreign Operations accounts.

- PEPFAR: Included in the GHI total is $6.990 billion for PEPFAR of which $1 billion is for the Global Fund ($700 million from the State Department and $300 million from HHS).

Additional funding details on the GHI and other global health related accounts:

State and Foreign Operations funding for global health:

- Global Health & Child Survival (GHCS): $8.513 billion
– USAID: $3.013 billion
– Maternal Health & Child Health/Nutrition: $900.0 million
– Maternal & Child Health: $700.0 million

- Nutrition: $200.0
– Vulnerable Children: $15.0 million

- HIV/AIDS: $350.0 million

- Family Planning/Reproductive Health: $590.0 million

- Other Infectious Diseases: $1,158.0 million, which includes
– Malaria: $680.0 million,

- Tuberculosis: $230.0 million ,

- Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): $155.0 million,

- Pandemic Influenza and Other Emerging Threats: $75 million, and

- Other Public Health Threats: $18 million.
– Department of State: $5.500 billion
– HIV/AIDS: $5.500 billion (includes $700 million for the Global Fund)
– Millennium Challenge Corporation: $1.280 billion

Health and Human Services funding for global health:

- CDC ($351.9 total):
– Global AIDS Program: $118.1 million

- Global Immunization Program: $152.8 million

- Global Disease Detection: $37.8 million

- Global Malaria Program: $9.2 million

- Other Global Health: $35.1 million
– Global Fund: $300.0 million

- Fogarty International: $73.0 million

Millennium Challenge Corporation and UN World Food Program sign Memorandum of Understanding

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and the UN World Food Program (WFP) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) aimed at improving global food security through, among other things, “improved access to water, . . . [and by] incorporating nutrition interventions into maternal and child health programs, health education, and HIV programs.”

Senate Appropriations Committee releases FY11 Omnibus Appropriations Act

The Senate Committee on Appropriations released the text of the FY 2011 Omnibus Act with the following funding levels:

Total Funding for State & Foreign Operations: $53.5 billion ($3.1 billion below the President’s FY11 request; $4.7 billion above the FY10 enacted level)

Global Health and Child Survival Account (GHCS): $8.22 billion ($291 million below the President’s request; $443 million above the FY10 enacted level) with funding for specific areas is as follows:
Maternal and Child Health: $761 million

- Family Planning and Reproductive Health: $710 million which includes funding from multiple accounts and provides $57.5 million to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

- HIV/AIDS activities and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: $5.85 billion:
HIV/AIDS: $5.025 billion

- Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria contribution: $825 million (Note: An additional $300 million is appropriated for the Global Fund through the Department of Health and Human Services bringing total FY11 contribution to $1.125 billion.)

Millennium Challenge Corporation: $1.10 billion ($174.7 million below the President’s FY11 request; equal to the FY10 enacted level)

Food Security and Agricultural Development: $1.4 billion ($244 million below the President’s FY11 request)

S. 2971 – Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011

Among other things, the bill authorizes personnel increases at the State Department and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The bill also changes the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) by allowing the development of concurrent and subsequent Compacts.

Timeline of the bill:

- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on January 29, 2010.

- Reported favorably out of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on April 27, 2010.

MCC CEO Daniel Yohannes testifies before the House Committee on Appropriations on the FY 2011 budget request

During a House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, hearing on the FY 2011 budget request for the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), MCC CEO Daniel Yohannes provided an overview of the MCC and the FY 2011 budget request and outlined his three priorities for “achieving MCC’s mission of reducing poverty through economic growth,” including “being innovative,” “leveraging partnerships,” and “delivering results and showing impact.” Yohannes also discussed three proposed legislative changes to the MCC that would: 1) provide concurrent compacts, 2) allow longer compacts, and 3) change the process of partner country selection.

CRS Report – Foreign Aid Reform, National Strategy, and the Quadrennial Review

The report provides an overview of ongoing efforts in both Congress and the Administration to reform U.S. foreign assistance programs. Items reviewed in the report include:

- S. 1524, the Foreign Assistance Revitalization and Accountability Act of 2009;

- H.R. 2139, Initiating Foreign Assistance Reform Act of 2009;

- H.R. 2387, Strategy and Effectiveness of Foreign Policy and Assistance Act of 2009;

- The Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR); and

- The Presidential Study Directive on U.S. Global Development Policy (PSD).

CRS Report – Foreign Aid: International Donor Coordination of Development Assistance

The report provides a summary of official development assistance (ODA), “discusses coordination goals established by donors at high-level development policy forums, and provides an overview of U.S. efforts to meet these goals. The report concludes by identifying key issues in donor coordination of development
assistance, with an emphasis on the U.S. perspective.”