In testimony before the House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, Jacquelyn Williams-Bridgers, Managing Director of International Affairs and Trade at the Government Accountability Office (GAO) discussed “four cross-cutting areas of U.S. foreign policy as implemented by State & USAID: (1) investments in key partner nations, (2) building the capacity of U.S. agencies to advance foreign policy priorities, (3) contractor oversight and accountability, and (4) strategic planning and performance measurement.”
U.S. Government Accountability Office
In a report titled “President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief: Program Planning and Reporting”, the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO),Â in response to legislative directives,Â “(1) described key procedures for planning and reporting on PEPFAR performance and (2) examined published PEPFAR performance plans and reports.”
GAO Report – International Food Assistance: Better Nutrition and Quality Control Can Further Improve U.S. Food Aid
In this report, the GAO assessed and provided recommendations on “U.S. efforts to (1) meet the nutritional needs of intended recipients and (2) maintain the quality of commodities throughout the food aid supply chain.”
GAO Report- International School Feeding: USDA’s Oversight of the McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program Needs Improvement
In this report, the GAO examined the McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program (MGD) including “(1) USDAâ€™s oversight of the MGD Program and (2) the extent to which USDA has addressed the programâ€™s internal control weaknesses,” which were identified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Office of the Inspector General (OIG) in 2006-2007.
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GAO Report – President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief: Partner Selection and Oversight Follow Accepted Practices but Would Benefit from Enhanced Planning and Accountability
In this report, “GAO examined practices used in (1) selecting organizations to implement PEPFAR activities and (2) overseeing these organizationsâ€™ PEPFAR activities.” Additionally, “GAO recommends that the Secretary of State direct OGAC to take several steps to improve specific processes for selecting PEPFAR implementing partners and strengthen oversight of PEPFAR partners.”
At a hearing before the House Committee on Homeland Security, GAO staff testified on U.S. planning and preparedness efforts to address a potential influenza pandemic. Among other findings, GAO staff testified that “efforts are underway to improve the surveillance and detection of pandemic-related threats, but targeting assistance to countries at the greatest risk has been based on incomplete information, particularly from developing countries.”
GAO Testimony – International Food Assistance: A U.S. Government-wide Strategy Could Accelerate Progress toward Global Food Security
In testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health, GAO representatives discussed “(1) host government and donor efforts to halve hunger, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, by 2015, and (2) the status of U.S. agencies’ implementation of GAO’s 2008 recommendations” to address food security issues, which included “(1) develop an integrated government-wide U.S. strategy that defines actions with specific time frames and resource commitments, enhances collaboration, and improves measures to monitor progress and (2) report annually to Congress on the implementation of the first recommendation.”
The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report titled “Ensuring Drug Quality in Global Health Programs”, which “examined (1) the regulatory and policy requirements intended to ensure the quality of drugs procured with U.S. aid funds and (2) the systems in place to monitor drug quality in supply chains used by programs receiving U.S. foreign aid funds.” The GAO did not make any recommendations in this report.
The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report titled “U.S. Nonemergency Food Aid Programs Have Similar Objectives but Some Planning Helps Limit Overlap,” which examines the extent to which the nonemergency food aid programs implemented by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) pursue similar objectives.
GAO Report – Global Food Security: U.S. Agencies Progressing on Governmentwide Strategy, but Approach Faces Several Vulnerabilities
For this report, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) “examined (1) the types and funding of food security programs and activities of relevant U.S. government agencies; and (2) progress in developing an integrated U.S. governmentwide strategy to address global food insecurity as well as potential vulnerabilities of that strategy.”
Based on its analysis, the GAO provided two recommendations to the Secretary of State to improve U.S. global food security efforts: “(1) develop an operational definition of food security that is accepted by all U.S. agencies, establish a methodology for consistently reporting comprehensive data across agencies, and periodically inventory agenciesâ€™ food security-related programs and funding; and (2) collaborate with other agency heads to finalize a governmentwide strategy that delineates measures to mitigate the risks associated with the host country-led approach.”