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Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2012 Passes the House Foreign Affairs Committee

The House Committee on Foreign Affairs passed (23-20) H.R. 2583 – Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2012.  The proposed bill, which was introduced by Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL, 18th) authorizes appropriation levels for the Department of State for FY 2012 and, among other things, would also reinstate and expand the Global Gag Rule.

Summary of the FY11 Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act (H.R. 1473)

Representative Harold Rogers (R-KY, 5th) introduced the “Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011” (H.R. 1473) authorizing appropriations for the remaining six months of FY 2011 (the first 6 months of FY 2011 were funded under FY 2010 levels). The proposed funding totals for global health (as compared to FY 2010 totals) included in this appropriations bill are provided in the table below.

Note: The appropriations bill (H.R. 1473) includes an across-the-board rescission of 0.2 percent to all discretionary spending; the global health funding totals for FY 11 (H.R. 1473) listed below include this rescission.

Timeline of the bill:

- Introduced and referred to the House Committee on the Budget and the House Committee on Ways and Means on April 11, 2011.

- Passed by the House (260-167) and the Senate (81-19) on April 14, 2011.

- Signed by the President (Public Law No: 112-10) on April 15, 2011.

Senate Appropriations Committee introduces Continuing Resolution for the remainder of FY 2011; includes overall increase in global health funding

The Senate Committee on Appropriations introduced a Continuing Resolution (CR) that would authorize appropriations for the remaining seven months of FY 2011 (the first 5 months of FY 2011 were funded under FY 2010 levels). This legislation would replace the full-year appropriations bill (H.R. 1) that was recently passed by the House on February 19, 2011. Unlike H.R. 1, which proposes to cut global health funding, the Senate CR proposes an overall increase in global health funding (see table below). Additionally, the summary of the CR provided by the Senate Committee on Appropriations categorizes State and Foreign Operations funding as part of National Security.

CRS Report – “State, Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Guide to Component Accounts”

This report provides an overview of appropriations for State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, and includes summaries of specific accounts, such as the Global Health and Child Survival (GHCS), which are considered part of the overall 150 International Affairs Budget Function in appropriations legislation.

Secretaries Clinton, Gates, and Geithner with Administrator Shah, and MCC CEO Yohannes discuss the new U.S. Global Development Policy at the USGLC Conference

At the annual U.S. Global Leadership Coalition (USGLC) Conference, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah, and Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) CEO Daniel Yohannes provided remarks and responded to questions on the Administration’s new U.S. Global Development Policy. Secretary Clinton stated “development is an integral part of America’s national security policy” and described the principles of the new policy including economic development, country partnership, country led- and country-owned strategies, improved coordination among U.S. government agencies, build in-country capacity, invest in innovation, and an emphasis on women and girls. USAID Administrator Shah discussed the role of USAID under the new policy highlighting the Global Health Initiative (GHI) and Feed the Future (FtF) as areas where these principles were already being implemented and MCC CEO Daniel Yohannes stated that many of the principles of the new policy are derived from the principles of MCC.

State Department releases fact sheet titled “The U.S. Record on Financing for Development in 2009″

The fact sheet provides an overview of official development assistance (ODA) provided by the United States in 2009 including funding amounts by relevant U.S. agencies and departments and summary information of assistance provided for specific programmatic sectors such as: Global Health; Food Security, Agriculture and Nutrition; and Water Supply and Sanitation.

Secretary Clinton and Secretary Gates send letters to Chair of the Senate Budget Committee requesting full support of President Obama’s FY11 International Affairs budget request

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Secretary of Defense Robert Gates sent letters to Senator Kurt Conrad (D-ND), Chair of the Senate Budget Committee, requesting full funding of President Obama’s FY 2011 International Affairs budget request.

CRS Report – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2011

From the report summary: “This report explains the role CDC plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.”

NIH announces partnership with PEPFAR to strengthen medical education in Africa

The National Institutes of Health (NIH), in collaboration with the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), announced a new program to strengthen medical education and increase the number of health care workers in Sub-Saharan Africa. The program, which is called the Medical Education Partnership Initiative, is a joint effort with The Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Department of Defense (DoD).

GAO Report – Global Food Security: U.S. Agencies Progressing on Governmentwide Strategy, but Approach Faces Several Vulnerabilities

For this report, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) “examined (1) the types and funding of food security programs and activities of relevant U.S. government agencies; and (2) progress in developing an integrated U.S. governmentwide strategy to address global food insecurity as well as potential vulnerabilities of that strategy.”

Based on its analysis, the GAO provided two recommendations to the Secretary of State to improve U.S. global food security efforts: “(1) develop an operational definition of food security that is accepted by all U.S. agencies, establish a methodology for consistently reporting comprehensive data across agencies, and periodically inventory agencies’ food security-related programs and funding; and (2) collaborate with other agency heads to finalize a governmentwide strategy that delineates measures to mitigate the risks associated with the host country-led approach.”