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White House releases FY 2011 Budget

The White House released the FY 2011 budget request, which included the following funding totals for the U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI) and other global health and related activities:

Global Health Initiative (GHI) total: $9.572 billion, including

- $8.513 billion from State & Foreign Operations Global Health & Child Survival (GHCS) account, and

- $1.059 billion from HHS, DoD, and other State & Foreign Operations accounts.

- PEPFAR: Included in the GHI total is $6.990 billion for PEPFAR of which $1 billion is for the Global Fund ($700 million from the State Department and $300 million from HHS).

Additional funding details on the GHI and other global health related accounts:

State and Foreign Operations funding for global health:

- Global Health & Child Survival (GHCS): $8.513 billion
– USAID: $3.013 billion
– Maternal Health & Child Health/Nutrition: $900.0 million
– Maternal & Child Health: $700.0 million

- Nutrition: $200.0
– Vulnerable Children: $15.0 million

- HIV/AIDS: $350.0 million

- Family Planning/Reproductive Health: $590.0 million

- Other Infectious Diseases: $1,158.0 million, which includes
– Malaria: $680.0 million,

- Tuberculosis: $230.0 million ,

- Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): $155.0 million,

- Pandemic Influenza and Other Emerging Threats: $75 million, and

- Other Public Health Threats: $18 million.
– Department of State: $5.500 billion
– HIV/AIDS: $5.500 billion (includes $700 million for the Global Fund)
– Millennium Challenge Corporation: $1.280 billion

Health and Human Services funding for global health:

- CDC ($351.9 total):
– Global AIDS Program: $118.1 million

- Global Immunization Program: $152.8 million

- Global Disease Detection: $37.8 million

- Global Malaria Program: $9.2 million

- Other Global Health: $35.1 million
– Global Fund: $300.0 million

- Fogarty International: $73.0 million

CRS Report – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2011

From the report summary: “This report explains the role CDC plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.”

Secretary Clinton and Secretary Gates send letters to Chair of the Senate Budget Committee requesting full support of President Obama’s FY11 International Affairs budget request

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Secretary of Defense Robert Gates sent letters to Senator Kurt Conrad (D-ND), Chair of the Senate Budget Committee, requesting full funding of President Obama’s FY 2011 International Affairs budget request.

GAO Report – Global Food Security: U.S. Agencies Progressing on Governmentwide Strategy, but Approach Faces Several Vulnerabilities

For this report, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) “examined (1) the types and funding of food security programs and activities of relevant U.S. government agencies; and (2) progress in developing an integrated U.S. governmentwide strategy to address global food insecurity as well as potential vulnerabilities of that strategy.”

Based on its analysis, the GAO provided two recommendations to the Secretary of State to improve U.S. global food security efforts: “(1) develop an operational definition of food security that is accepted by all U.S. agencies, establish a methodology for consistently reporting comprehensive data across agencies, and periodically inventory agencies’ food security-related programs and funding; and (2) collaborate with other agency heads to finalize a governmentwide strategy that delineates measures to mitigate the risks associated with the host country-led approach.”

H.Res. 1160 – Calling for the establishment of a Haiti Marshall Plan Committee to coordinate aid and development initiatives . . . in response to the earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, 2010

The resolution states that the House of Representatives “calls for the establishment of a Haiti Marshall Plan Committee to include representatives from the Department of the Treasury, the Department of Defense, the Department of State, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and selected members of civil society to develop and propose a coordinated strategy for the recovery and reconstruction of Haiti that prevents the duplication of effort and uses all available resources”

NIH announces partnership with PEPFAR to strengthen medical education in Africa

The National Institutes of Health (NIH), in collaboration with the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), announced a new program to strengthen medical education and increase the number of health care workers in Sub-Saharan Africa. The program, which is called the Medical Education Partnership Initiative, is a joint effort with The Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Department of Defense (DoD).

Secretaries Clinton, Gates, and Geithner with Administrator Shah, and MCC CEO Yohannes discuss the new U.S. Global Development Policy at the USGLC Conference

At the annual U.S. Global Leadership Coalition (USGLC) Conference, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah, and Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) CEO Daniel Yohannes provided remarks and responded to questions on the Administration’s new U.S. Global Development Policy. Secretary Clinton stated “development is an integral part of America’s national security policy” and described the principles of the new policy including economic development, country partnership, country led- and country-owned strategies, improved coordination among U.S. government agencies, build in-country capacity, invest in innovation, and an emphasis on women and girls. USAID Administrator Shah discussed the role of USAID under the new policy highlighting the Global Health Initiative (GHI) and Feed the Future (FtF) as areas where these principles were already being implemented and MCC CEO Daniel Yohannes stated that many of the principles of the new policy are derived from the principles of MCC.

State Department releases fact sheet titled “The U.S. Record on Financing for Development in 2009″

The fact sheet provides an overview of official development assistance (ODA) provided by the United States in 2009 including funding amounts by relevant U.S. agencies and departments and summary information of assistance provided for specific programmatic sectors such as: Global Health; Food Security, Agriculture and Nutrition; and Water Supply and Sanitation.

President Obama announces new global HIV treatment and prevention goals; Administration statements and resources commemorating World AIDS Day

White House:

President Barack Obama provided remarks at a World AIDS Day event hosted by ONE and (RED) at the George Washington University and issued a presidential proclamation to commemorate World AIDS Day.   During his remarks, President Obama announced new treatment and prevention goals of “providing anti-retroviral drugs to more than 1.5 million HIV-positive pregnant women over the next two years . . . [and] helping 6 million people get treatment by the end of 2013” – an increase of 2 million over the prior target, and called on countries to fulfill their commitments to The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

Additional Administration Statements and Resources Commemorating World AIDS Day:

State Department:

Health and Human Services (HHS):

  • Statement from HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius on World AIDS Day. Secretary Sebelius also announced the appointment of Nancy Mahon, Executive Director of the MAC AIDS Fund, as the Chair of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA).
  • Statement by National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director Dr. Francis Collins, NIH Office of AIDS Research Dr. Jack Whitescarver, and NIAID Director Dr. Anthony Fauci.

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID):

U.S. Mission to the United Nations:

  • Statement from U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Ambassador Susan E. Rice.

Peace Corps:

  • Peace Corps statement commemorating World AIDS Day.

Department of Defense (DoD):

  • DoD statement titled “World AIDS Day Raises Awareness, Highlights Advances”.

Department of Labor (DoL):

  • DoL Secretary Hilda Solis’ statement titled “Forging Ahead on World AIDS Day”.
UPDATED: House-Senate Conference Committee releases FY 2012 Appropriations Agreement

UPDATE: The President signed the bill into law (Public Law #112-74) on December 23, 2011 after the Conference Agreement passed the House (296-121) on December 16, 2011 and the Senate (67-32) on December 17, 2011. Additionally, the Senate voted against (43-56) a resolution (H.Con.Res. 94) that would have applied a 1.83% across-the-board rescission to all FY 2012 appropriations except the Department of Defense (DoD), Military Construction, and Veterans Affairs.
————-

Representative Hal Rogers (R-KY, 5th; Chairman House Committee on Appropriations) released a statement announcing that a joint House-Senate Conference Committee had reached agreement on final FY 2012 Appropriations legislation (H.R. 2055), which includes funding for global health programs through the State Department, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Department of Defense (DoD). While total funding for the Global Health Initiative (GHI) is not yet available, the appropriations detailed in this agreement totaled $8.3 billion.

According to the Conference Report and the Joint Statement of Managers, the legislation also:

  • Directs that no FY 2012 global health funds may be used for needle exchange programs;
  • Includes additional Congressional oversight before the Administration makes a multi-year funding pledge;
  • Requires the Administration to report back to Congress with an analysis of the potential costs/savings of transitioning the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) into USAID; and
  • Requires the Administration to report back to Congress with an analysis of transitioning the leadership of the Global Health Initiative (GHI) to USAID as outlined in the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR).

Global health appropriations as provided in the Conference Report (House Report 112-331) and Joint Statement of Managers are summarized as follows:

Area

Part of the GHI*

FY11 Enacted (millions)

FY12 Request (millions)

FY12 Conference Agreement
(millions)**

Difference
(millions)

Conference – FY11

Conference – Request

State & Foreign Operations

Maternal & Child Health (MCH)

X

$548.9

$846.0

$605.6

$56.7
 (10.3%)

$-240.5
 (-28.4%)

        GAVI (non-add)

X

$90.0

$115.0

$100.0

$10
 (11.1%)

$-15
 (-13%)

Nutrition

X

$89.8

$150.0

$95.0

$5.2
 (5.8%)

$-55
 (-36.7%)

Vulnerable Children

X

$15.0

$15.0

$17.5

$2.5
 (16.9%)

$2.5
 (16.7%)

HIV/AIDS

X

$4,935.1

$4,991.9

$4,842.9

$-92.3
 (-1.9%)

$-149
 (-3%)

        USAID

X

$349.3

$350.0

$350.0

$0.7
 (0.2%)

$0
 (0%)

        State Department

X

$4,585.8

$4,641.9

$4,492.9

$-93
 (-2%)

$-149
 (-3.2%)

Global Fund

X

$748.5

$1,000.0

$1,050.0

$301.5
 (40.3%)

$50
 (5%)

Family Planning/Reproductive Health (FP/RH)***

 

$615.0

$769.1

$610.0

$-5
 (-0.8%)

$-159.1
 (-20.7%)

        GHCS Account

X

$524.0

$625.6

$524.0

$0
 (0%)

$-101.7
 (-16.2%)

        Other Bilateral Accounts

 

$51.1

$96.0

$51.1

$0
 (0%)

$-45
 (-46.8%)

        UNFPA

 

$40.0

$47.5

$35.0

$-5
 (-12.5%)

$-12.5
 (-26.3%)

Tuberculosis

X

$224.6

$236.0

$236.0

$11.5
 (5.1%)

$0
 (0%)

Malaria

X

$618.8

$691.0

$650.0

$31.2
 (5%)

$-41
 (-5.9%)

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)

X

$76.8

$100.0

$89.0

$12.2
 (15.8%)

$-11
 (-11%)

Pandemic Preparedness

X

$47.9

$60.0

$58.0

$10.1
 (21.1%)

$-2
 (-3.3%)

MCC

 

$898.2

$1,125.1

$898.2

$0
 (0%)

$-226.9
 (-20.2%)

Water

 

-

-

$315.0

-

-

Health and Human Services (HHS)

CDC Global Health

 

$340.3

$381.2

$348.9

$8.6
 (2.5%)

$-32.4
 (-8.5%)

        of which HIV

X

$118.7

$118.0

$117.8

$-0.9
 (-0.8%)

$-0.2
 (-0.2%)

NIH – Global Fund

X

$297.3

$300.0

$0.0

$-297.3
 (-100%)

$-300
 (-100%)

NIH – Fogarty International Center

 

$69.4

$71.3

$69.6

$0.2
 (0.3%)

$-1.7
 (-2.4%)

Department of Defense (DoD)

HIV

X

$10.0

$0.0

$8.0

$-2
 (-20%)

-

The Global Health Initiative

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