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CRS releases report on U.S. global HIV/AIDS funding since PEPFAR inception

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled “The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR): Funding Issues After a Decade of Implementation, FY2004-FY2013.” According to the summary, “[t]his report outlines U.S. spending on global HIV/AIDS programs since the inception of PEPFAR, analyzes global HIV/AIDS funding by other donors, and highlights key issues pertaining to funding that will face the 113th Congress as it considers the future of PEPFAR.”

CRS Report – State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

From the report summary: “This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434), and passage of H.R. 3288, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, signed into law Dec. 16, 2009 (P.L. 111-117).”

CRS Report – International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

This report provides an overview of U.S. food aid programs and highlights specific issues for Congress including “improving aid effectiveness; developing “demand-driven” strategies that take into account the recipient country’s needs and strategic plans for food security; determining the best form for providing food aid and assistance, whether in the form of cash or commodities; . . . and determining the cost-effectiveness of U.S. cargo preferences for delivering U.S. food aid.”

CRS Report – Foreign Aid Reform, National Strategy, and the Quadrennial Review

The report provides an overview of ongoing efforts in both Congress and the Administration to reform U.S. foreign assistance programs. Items reviewed in the report include:

- S. 1524, the Foreign Assistance Revitalization and Accountability Act of 2009;

- H.R. 2139, Initiating Foreign Assistance Reform Act of 2009;

- H.R. 2387, Strategy and Effectiveness of Foreign Policy and Assistance Act of 2009;

- The Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR); and

- The Presidential Study Directive on U.S. Global Development Policy (PSD).

CRS Report – Foreign Aid: International Donor Coordination of Development Assistance

The report provides a summary of official development assistance (ODA), “discusses coordination goals established by donors at high-level development policy forums, and provides an overview of U.S. efforts to meet these goals. The report concludes by identifying key issues in donor coordination of development
assistance, with an emphasis on the U.S. perspective.”

CRS Report – A New United Nations Entity for Women: Issues for Congress

In September 2009, United Nations (UN) member states, including the United States, adopted a resolution supporting the creation of a new UN entity focused on women’s issues that would consolidate the efforts of 4 existing entities at the UN. Among other things, this report “analyzes U.S. policy toward the new entity, including its possible role in U.S. foreign policy and the level and extent of U.S. financial contributions to existing U.N. system gender entities.”

CRS Report – The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: U.S. Contributions and Issues for Congress

From the report summary: “This report provides background information on the Global Fund, summarizes key findings on the Global Fund’s progress through 2009, outlines U.S. funding for the Fund, and analyzes issues Congress might consider as it debates the appropriate level of support to provide the Fund.”

CRS Report – The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

In preparation for the September 2010 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Summit, this report provides an overview of the MDGs as well as progress towards meeting the goals and lessons learned. The report also summarizes the role of the MDGs in U.S. development policy under both the Bush and Obama Administrations. Finally, the report highlights several policy issues for Congress including: the practicality of the MDGs, aid effectiveness, selective use of aid, and accountability.