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U.S. and Russia announce partnership to eradicate polio

The U.S. and Russia signed a “Protocol of Intent on Cooperation for the Global Eradication of Polio” outlining potential areas for collaboration including “disease surveillance, support for immunization campaigns, technical assistance, advocacy efforts, and additional areas for potential partnership.”

Administrator Shah delivers speech titled “Modern Development Enterprise” and announces new evaluation policy

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah delivered a speech titled “The Modern Development Enterprise” at the Center for Global Development. During his remarks, Administrator Shah emphasized the importance of monitoring and evaluation of U.S. development efforts and announced the release of USAID’s new evaluation policy.

USAID expands malaria prevention program in Africa

In a press release, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) announced the expansion of its Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) program in Africa through the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI).  The $189 million, three-year contract “will provide technical and financial support to the Ministries of Health and National Malaria Control Programs in African countries to build country-level capacity for malaria prevention activities.”

H.R. 3293 – Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010

The bill, as passed by the House, provides $323 million for global health activities at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), $300 million to the Global Fund through the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and $70 million to the John E. Fogarty International Center. The bill also authorizes a total of $545.5 million to address Pandemic Influenza.

Timeline of the bill:

- The bill was introduced and reported on by the House Committee on Appropriations on July 22, 2009.

- The bill was passed by the House (264-153) on July 24, 2009.

Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, discusses PEPFAR and U.S. global health policy during International AIDS Society Conference

During the 5th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, discussed U.S. global health policy and the role of PEPFAR under the new Administration.

GAO Report – President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief: Partner Selection and Oversight Follow Accepted Practices but Would Benefit from Enhanced Planning and Accountability

In this report, “GAO examined practices used in (1) selecting organizations to implement PEPFAR activities and (2) overseeing these organizations’ PEPFAR activities.” Additionally, “GAO recommends that the Secretary of State direct OGAC to take several steps to improve specific processes for selecting PEPFAR implementing partners and strengthen oversight of PEPFAR partners.”

CRS Report – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2010

From the report summary: “This report explains the role CDC plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.”

USAID launches Emerging Pandemic Threats (EPT) program

USAID launched an Emerging Pandemic Threats (EPT) program that will work “to pre-empt or combat, at their source, newly emerging diseases of animal origin that could threaten human health” by focusing “resources on detecting dangerous pathogens at an early stage, building appropriate laboratory capacity to support surveillance, responding in an appropriate and timely manner, strengthening national and local response capacities, and educating at-risk populations on how to prevent exposure to these dangerous pathogens.”

President Obama announces end to HIV/AIDS travel ban

In remarks during the signing of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009, President Obama stated that “if we want to be the global leader in combating HIV/AIDS, we need to act like it. And that’s why, on Monday (November 2, 2009) my administration will publish a final rule that eliminates the travel ban effective just after the New Year.”