The resolution expresses the sense that the Senate supports World Water Day and urges the State Department and USAID to increase efforts to provide safe sanitation and drinking water.
S. 1406 – Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010
The FY 2010 agriculture appropriations bill as reported by the Senate Committee on Appropriations includes $1.69 billion for international food assistance through the P.L. 480 Title II Grants Program (Food for Peace) and an additional $199.5 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program. The proposed bill “also includes $13 million, as requested, for USDA to assist in the development of sustainable food systems in countries with chronic food shortages. In addition, funds are provided for research to develop new food aid products to provide higher nutritional content to food aid recipients.”
S. 1644 – A bill to amend the Trade Act of 1974 to require a Public Health Advisory Committee on Trade to be included in the trade advisory committee system, to require public health organizations to be included on the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations and other relevant sectoral or functional advisory committees, and for other purposes.
The bill would create a Public Health Advisory Committee on Trade that would submit a report to the President, Congress, and the United States Trade Representative on all proposed trade agreements and “the extent to which the trade agreement promotes public health and promotes the goal of protecting the environment in the United States and in any other country affected by the agreement.” The bill also requires public health organizations be included on the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations.
Among other things, the proposed bill states that it is U.S. policy “to improve public health in the countries of the Americas by – A) implementing the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations to prevent pandemics and reduce the likelihood of public health emergencies; and B) implementing the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS.” Additionally, the bill creates the “Social Investment and Economic Development for the Americas” fund and authorizes the President to “provide increased and sustained assistance” directed at “improving health and disease prevention.” Finally, the bill authorizes appropriations for these and other activities described in the bill in the amount of $175 million for 2010, $225 million for 2011, $275 million for 2012, $300 million for 2013, and $325 million for 2014.
The proposed bill would establish the “Health Technology Program” within USAID to “develop, advance, and introduce affordable, available, and appropriate technologies specifically designed: a) to improve the health and nutrition of developing country populations; b) to reduce maternal and child mortality; and c) to improve the diagnosis, prevention and reduction of disease, especially HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other major diseases.” The bill requires that program funding be provided by USAID on a competitive basis and that the USAID Administrator provide an annual report to Congress on the progress and outlook of the program. Finally, the bill authorizes the appropriation of $5 million for each of the fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
Stating that methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) “is pandemic and spreading at alarming rates,” the resolution expresses “support for designation of October 2 as World MRSA Day.”
The proposed bill directs the President to “develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to reduce mortality and improve the health of newborns, children, and mothers in developing countries” and authorizes the President to provide the level of assistance necessary to implement this strategy. The bill also creates an Interagency Task Force on Child Survival in Developing Countries that would “assess, monitor, and evaluate” U.S. progress in helping to reduce child mortality and achieve Millennium Development Goal 4.
S.Res. 312 – Expressing the sense of the Senate on empowering and strengthening the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
The proposed resolution would express the sense of the Senate that a USAID Administrator should be “nominated with all expediency and exigency,” that USAID “must be empowered to be the primary development agency of the United States,” and that the Administrator should increase the number of Foreign Service Offices at USAID and submit a 5-year staffing plan to Congress.
Timeline of the bill:
- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on October 13, 2009.
- Passed by unanimous consent in the Senate on November 9, 2009. This is the final action in the legislative process for resolutions. Therefore, no further action will be taken and this resolution takes effect.
Among other things, the proposed bill would require the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to develop a “National Strategic Action Plan . . . to assist health professionals in preparing for and responding to the impacts of climate change on public health in the United States and other nations, particularly developing nations.”
- The bill would also create the “Climate Change Health Protection and Promotion Fund,” which would be made available to the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) in order “to assist the efforts of developing nations to incorporate measures to prepare health systems to respond to the impacts of climate change.”
- Finally, the bill would create the “International Climate Change Adaptation and Global Security Program,â€ which would â€œprovide assistance to the most vulnerable developing countries” through bilateral and/or multilateral assistance.
Timeline of the bill:
- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works on September 30, 2009.
- Reported favorably out of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works on November 5, 2009.
S. 1054 provides supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2009. The version passed by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on May 14, 2009 provided $91.3 billion in supplemental funding with appropriations dedicated to the International Affairs budget, food assistance, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and to addressing pandemic diseases.
Timeline of the bill:
- The Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs released a summary of the supplemental appropriations budget for the Department of State and Foreign Operations on May 12, 2009.
- Senator Inouye formally introduced the bill on May 14, 2009. The bill was approved by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on the same day.