The proposed bill directs the President to “develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to reduce mortality and improve the health of newborns, children, and mothers in developing countries” and authorizes the President to provide the level of assistance necessary to implement this strategy. The bill also creates an Interagency Task Force on Child Survival in Developing Countries that would “assess, monitor, and evaluate” U.S. progress in helping to reduce child mortality and achieve Millennium Development Goal 4.
Stating that methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) “is pandemic and spreading at alarming rates,” the resolution expresses “support for designation of October 2 as World MRSA Day.”
S. 1644 – A bill to amend the Trade Act of 1974 to require a Public Health Advisory Committee on Trade to be included in the trade advisory committee system, to require public health organizations to be included on the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations and other relevant sectoral or functional advisory committees, and for other purposes.
The bill would create a Public Health Advisory Committee on Trade that would submit a report to the President, Congress, and the United States Trade Representative on all proposed trade agreements and “the extent to which the trade agreement promotes public health and promotes the goal of protecting the environment in the United States and in any other country affected by the agreement.” The bill also requires public health organizations be included on the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations.
Among other things, the proposed bill states that it is U.S. policy “to improve public health in the countries of the Americas by – A) implementing the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations to prevent pandemics and reduce the likelihood of public health emergencies; and B) implementing the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS.” Additionally, the bill creates the “Social Investment and Economic Development for the Americas” fund and authorizes the President to “provide increased and sustained assistance” directed at “improving health and disease prevention.” Finally, the bill authorizes appropriations for these and other activities described in the bill in the amount of $175 million for 2010, $225 million for 2011, $275 million for 2012, $300 million for 2013, and $325 million for 2014.
The proposed bill would establish the “Health Technology Program” within USAID to “develop, advance, and introduce affordable, available, and appropriate technologies specifically designed: a) to improve the health and nutrition of developing country populations; b) to reduce maternal and child mortality; and c) to improve the diagnosis, prevention and reduction of disease, especially HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other major diseases.” The bill requires that program funding be provided by USAID on a competitive basis and that the USAID Administrator provide an annual report to Congress on the progress and outlook of the program. Finally, the bill authorizes the appropriation of $5 million for each of the fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
The resolution expresses the sense that the Senate supports World Water Day and urges the State Department and USAID to increase efforts to provide safe sanitation and drinking water.
The 2010 State and Foreign Operations appropriations bill that was approved by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on July 9, 2009 includes the following funding amounts relevant to global health:
- $7.77 billion total funding for global health and child survival programs;
- $1.5 billion for agricultural assistance and food security; and
- $315 million for water and sanitation programs.
Timeline of the bill:
- Introduced, referred to and reported on favorably by the Senate Committee on Appropriations, and placed on the Senate Legislative Calendar on July 9, 2009.
The purpose of GROWTH Act of 2009 as stated in the bill text is â€œto ensure that the policies of the United States actively promote development and economic opportunities for women.â€ The bill directs the President to â€œpay special attention to the needs of women in developing countriesâ€ by providing, among other things, â€œbasic health and HIV/AIDS education.â€
S. 1406 – Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010
The FY 2010 agriculture appropriations bill as reported by the Senate Committee on Appropriations includes $1.69 billion for international food assistance through the P.L. 480 Title II Grants Program (Food for Peace) and an additional $199.5 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program. The proposed bill “also includes $13 million, as requested, for USDA to assist in the development of sustainable food systems in countries with chronic food shortages. In addition, funds are provided for research to develop new food aid products to provide higher nutritional content to food aid recipients.”
S. 1054 provides supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2009. The version passed by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on May 14, 2009 provided $91.3 billion in supplemental funding with appropriations dedicated to the International Affairs budget, food assistance, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and to addressing pandemic diseases.
Timeline of the bill:
- The Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs released a summary of the supplemental appropriations budget for the Department of State and Foreign Operations on May 12, 2009.
- Senator Inouye formally introduced the bill on May 14, 2009. The bill was approved by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on the same day.