The proposed bill would establish the “Health Technology Program” within USAID to “develop, advance, and introduce affordable, available, and appropriate technologies specifically designed: a) to improve the health and nutrition of developing country populations; b) to reduce maternal and child mortality; and c) to improve the diagnosis, prevention and reduction of disease, especially HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other major diseases.” The bill requires that program funding be provided by USAID on a competitive basis and that the USAID Administrator provide an annual report to Congress on the progress and outlook of the program. Finally, the bill authorizes the appropriation of $5 million for each of the fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
The resolution expresses the sense that the Senate supports World Water Day and urges the State Department and USAID to increase efforts to provide safe sanitation and drinking water.
The purpose of GROWTH Act of 2009 as stated in the bill text is â€œto ensure that the policies of the United States actively promote development and economic opportunities for women.â€ The bill directs the President to â€œpay special attention to the needs of women in developing countriesâ€ by providing, among other things, â€œbasic health and HIV/AIDS education.â€
The 2010 State and Foreign Operations appropriations bill that was approved by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on July 9, 2009 includes the following funding amounts relevant to global health:
- $7.77 billion total funding for global health and child survival programs;
- $1.5 billion for agricultural assistance and food security; and
- $315 million for water and sanitation programs.
Timeline of the bill:
- Introduced, referred to and reported on favorably by the Senate Committee on Appropriations, and placed on the Senate Legislative Calendar on July 9, 2009.
S. 1406 – Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010
The FY 2010 agriculture appropriations bill as reported by the Senate Committee on Appropriations includes $1.69 billion for international food assistance through the P.L. 480 Title II Grants Program (Food for Peace) and an additional $199.5 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program. The proposed bill “also includes $13 million, as requested, for USDA to assist in the development of sustainable food systems in countries with chronic food shortages. In addition, funds are provided for research to develop new food aid products to provide higher nutritional content to food aid recipients.”
S. 1054 provides supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2009. The version passed by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on May 14, 2009 provided $91.3 billion in supplemental funding with appropriations dedicated to the International Affairs budget, food assistance, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and to addressing pandemic diseases.
Timeline of the bill:
- The Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs released a summary of the supplemental appropriations budget for the Department of State and Foreign Operations on May 12, 2009.
- Senator Inouye formally introduced the bill on May 14, 2009. The bill was approved by the Senate Committee on Appropriations on the same day.
The proposed bill authorizes the President and the Secretary of State to “increase the number of educational and cultural exchange activities involving persons from scientific, medicine, research, and academic sectors” by creating new programs or expanding existing ones. Additionally, the bill authorizes the Secretary of State to appoint U.S. Science Envoys “to collaborate with other countries to promote the advancement of science and technology throughout the world based on issues of common interest and expertise.”
Among other things, the bill authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to contribute $468 million to the African Development Fund for the 11th replenishment of resources and an additional $26 million “to the African Development Fund for the purpose of funding debt relief under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative.” The bill also directs the Secretary of the Treasury to “seek to ensure that each multilateral development bank discloses to member countries the operating budget of the bank, including expenses for staff, consultants, travel, and facilities.”
Among other things, the bill authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to contribute $3.7 billion to the International Development Association for the 15th replenishment of resources and an additional $356 million “to the International Development Association for the purpose of funding debt relief under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative.” The bill also directs the Secretary of the Treasury to “seek to ensure that multilateral development banks rigorously evaluate the development impact of selected bank projects, programs, and financing operations.” Finally, the bill requires the Secretary of the Treasury to conduct a study in coordination with the Secretary of State, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, and other Federal agencies “on the respective roles each agency plays in the formulation of United States policy concerning the development policy, programs, and activities of the World Bank Group.”
S.Con.Res. 13 (Senate Budget Resolution) was introduced by Senator Kent Conrad (D-ND) and reported on by the Senate Committee on the Budget on March 27, 2009 with $49.8 billion for the International Affairs budget (the International Affairs budget contains most of the government’s funding for global health activities). When the bill was heard by the full Senate, Senators Kerry and Lugar proposed an amendment that increased the International Affairs budget by $4 billion returning it to the President’s initial request of $53.8 billion. The Kerry-Lugar amendment was passed by the Senate on April 1, 2009. The entire budget resolution was passed by the Senate on April 2, 2009. The Budget Conference to resolve differences between the House and Senate budget resolutions reached an agreement and filed its report on April 27, 2009 with the International Affairs budget at $51.0 billion. Senate voted (53-43) to approve the Budget Conference Agreement on April 29, 2009.