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USAID releases report on child survival and maternal health programs

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) released a report titled “Decades of Progress: USAID’s Child Survival and Maternal Health Program” summarizing USAID’s efforts and approach towards improving child and maternal health globally.

State Department releases fact sheet titled “One Table: Advancing Agriculture to End Hunger”

The State Department released a fact sheet titled “One Table: Advancing Agriculture to End Hunger” that summarizes U.S. policies aimed at addressing chronic hunger throughout the world. The fact sheet states that the U.S. “objective is to build sustainable agriculture systems so all people have reliable access to nutritious food” and includes a list of “principles” and “key areas” that guide the U.S. approach to address chronic hunger.

Congressional Budget Office – Cost Estimate of H.R. 2454 American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) “and the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimate that over the 2010-2019 period enacting this legislation would:

- Increase federal revenues by about $846 billion; and

- Increase direct spending by about $821 billion.

In total, those changes would reduce budget deficits (or increase future surpluses) by about $24 billion over the 2010-2019 period.”

GAO Report – International Food Assistance: Local and Regional Procurement Can Enhance the Efficiency of U.S. Food Aid, but Challenges May Constrain Its Implementation

In an analysis of the U.S. approach to delivering food aid, the General Accountability Office (GAO) compared local and regional procurement (LRP) of food aid to in-kind donations. The GAO found that LRP “offers donors a tool to reduce food aid costs and delivery time, but multiple challenges to ensuring cost-savings and timely delivery exist.” Some of the challenges faced by using LRP are: uncertain food quality, insufficient local and regional delivery capabilities, existing U.S. legislation requiring U.S. production and transportation of food assistance, and uncertain impacts on local markets (i.e. potential increased prices due to increased demand).

CRS Report – The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) “Swine Flu” Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

This report provides an overview of the U.S. role in the global response to the H1N1 influenza outbreak. The report highlights efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Agency for International Development and summarizes potential issues for future consideration.