The State Department released a fact sheet titled “One Table: Advancing Agriculture to End Hunger” that summarizes U.S. policies aimed at addressing chronic hunger throughout the world. The fact sheet states that the U.S. “objective is to build sustainable agriculture systems so all people have reliable access to nutritious food” and includes a list of “principles” and “key areas” that guide the U.S. approach to address chronic hunger.
Reports & Factsheets
Congressional Budget Office – Cost Estimate of H.R. 2454 American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) “and the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimate that over the 2010-2019 period enacting this legislation would:
- Increase federal revenues by about $846 billion; and
- Increase direct spending by about $821 billion.
In total, those changes would reduce budget deficits (or increase future surpluses) by about $24 billion over the 2010-2019 period.”
Congressional Budget Office – Cost Estimate of H.R. 2410 Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) “estimates that implementing the bill would cost $40.6 billion over the 2010-2014 period.” The CBO also “estimates that enacting the bill would reduce direct spending by $49 million in 2011 and $52 million over the 2011-2014 period.”
In a hearing before the Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, staff from the General Accountability Office (GAO) provided testimony on the opportunities and challenges of local and regional procurement (LRP) of U.S. food aid.
GAO Testimony – Influenza Pandemic: Continued Focus on the Nation’s Planning and Preparedness Efforts Remains Essential
At a hearing before a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, GAO staff testified on U.S. planning and preparedness efforts to address a potential influenza pandemic.
GAO Report – International Food Assistance: Local and Regional Procurement Can Enhance the Efficiency of U.S. Food Aid, but Challenges May Constrain Its Implementation
In an analysis of the U.S. approach to delivering food aid, the General Accountability Office (GAO) compared local and regional procurement (LRP) of food aid to in-kind donations. The GAO found that LRP “offers donors a tool to reduce food aid costs and delivery time, but multiple challenges to ensuring cost-savings and timely delivery exist.” Some of the challenges faced by using LRP are: uncertain food quality, insufficient local and regional delivery capabilities, existing U.S. legislation requiring U.S. production and transportation of food assistance, and uncertain impacts on local markets (i.e. potential increased prices due to increased demand).
This report provides an overview of the U.S. role in the global response to the H1N1 influenza outbreak. The report highlights efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Agency for International Development and summarizes potential issues for future consideration.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched a new drug development initiative called the Therapeutics for Rare and Neglected Diseases program, or TRND. Initiated with $24 million in funding, the program is dedicated to producing new treatments for rare and neglected diseases.
The State Department released a fact sheet titled “American ‘Smart Power’: Diplomacy and Development Are the Vanguard” summarizing U.S. foreign policy goals and the tools available to address a wide range of challenges abroad including food security and pandemic disease.
From the report summary: “This report identifies the legislative origins of General Provisions that pertain to foreign aid in the current Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2009 (division J of the Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009; P.L. 111-8; 123 Stat. 524 at 831). . . . Over time, as enactment of foreign aid reauthorizations waned, the General Provisions of foreign appropriations measures increasingly became the place for Congress to assert its views on the role and use of U.S. foreign aid policy, put limits or conditions on assistance, or even authorize new programs.”