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Secretary Clinton’s remarks on “Development in the 21st Century”

In a speech titled “Development in the 21st Century,” Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton discussed elevating development as a central pillar of U.S. foreign policy and an intention “to rebuild USAID into the world’s premier development agency.” She emphasized a new commitment to results and outlined six approaches currently underway “to make sure that development delivers lasting results”:

1) Adopt a model of development that emphasizes partnerships with countries, multilateral organizations, NGOs, Universities, and the private sector;

2) Elevate development and integrate development more closely with defense and diplomacy in the field;

3) Improve the coordination of development across federal agencies and reduce reliance on contractors by increasing staff and expertise at USAID and the State Department;

4) Target investment and develop technical excellence in a few key areas, such as health, agriculture, security, education, energy, and local governance;

5) Increase investment in innovation; and

6) Increase investment on women and girls, who are critical to advancing social, economic, and political progress.

CRS Report – State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

From the report summary: “This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434), and passage of H.R. 3288, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, signed into law December 16, 2009 (P.L. 111-117).

H.Res. 947 – Expressing commitment to the objectives of the Program of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development

Among other things, the proposed resolution states “that the House of Representatives–(1) remains committed to the goals and objectives of the Cairo Consensus, as set forth at the International Conference on Population and Development” and “(2) supports the President’s public commitment to the advancement of the Cairo Consensus and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.”

State Department releases fact sheet titled “America’s Commitment to the Fight Against Global AIDS”

The fact sheet summarizes U.S. efforts to address HIV/AIDS including the latest results from the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Additionally, the fact sheet states that “the U.S. is placing a renewed emphasis on supporting partner country ownership of AIDS programs” and that “the Global Health Initiative will continue America’s commitment to priorities like HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, and will integrate current programs with those that address maternal and child health, family planning and neglected tropical diseases.”

H.Res. 931 – Supporting the goals and ideals of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

Among other things, the resolution states that violence against women “is a public health epidemic and a barrier to solving global challenges such as extreme poverty, HIV/AIDS, and conflict,” and that the House of Representatives “supports the goals and ideals of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women,” and “encourages the President to . . . increase health sector capacity to address violence against women and girls.”

USAID issues consensus statement on family planning as a key component of post abortion care

USAID “issued a consensus statement about the importance of family planning as a key component of post abortion care.” The consensus statement, which was also signed by International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM), and the International Council of Nurses (ICN), “notes that all women should receive counseling and family planning services after any abortion – spontaneous or induced – irrespective of the pregnancy termination or evacuation procedure used.”

H.R. 2997 – Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010 (Public Law No: 111-080)

The 2010 agriculture appropriations bill approved on September 30, 2009 by the House-Senate Conference Committee includes $1.69 billion for international food aid through the P.L. 480 Title II Grants Program and an additional $209.5 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program. Additionally, the bill provides funds “for research to develop new food aid products to provide higher nutritional content to food aid recipients . . . [and provides guidance] . . . to the Secretary to improve audit systems for maintaining the quality of food aid commodities and to generally improve the efficiencies of administering food aid programs.”

Relevant Amendments:

- The Senate passed by a voice vote an amendment (S.AMDT.2253) introduced by Senator Saxby Chambliss (R-GA) and co-sponsored by Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) “to require a report on the status of the reorganization of the Foreign Agricultural Service and future plans to modify office structures.” (August 3, 2009)

- The Senate passed by a voice vote an amendment (S.AMDT.2229) introduced by Senator Sam Brownback (R-KS) and co-sponsored by Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH) “to establish within the Food and Drug Administration two review groups to recommend solutions for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of rare diseases and neglected diseases of the developing world.” (August 3, 2009)

Timeline of the bill:

- The House Committee on Appropriations approved by voice vote a draft version of the 2010 agriculture appropriations bill on June 18, 2009.

- Introduced, referred to the House Committee on Appropriations, reported on by the committee, and placed on the Union Calendar on June 23, 2009.

- The bill was passed by the House (266-160) on July 9, 2009.

- The bill was received in the Senate and placed on the Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders (Calendar No. 105) on July 10, 2009.

- The bill was passed with amendments by the Senate (80-17) and referred to a House-Senate Conference Committee on August 4, 2009.

- The House disagreed with the version of the bill as amended by the Senate and agreed to refer the bill to a House-Senate Conference Committee on September 29, 2009.

- The House-Senate Conference Committee met, approved the bill (with changes), and submitted a conference report on September 30, 2009.

- The House approved (263-162) the House-Senate Conference Committee Report on October 7, 2009.

- The Senate approved (76-22) the House-Senate Conference Committee Report on October 8, 2009.

- The President signed the bill into law (Public Law No: 111-080) on October 21, 2009.

Statement by U.S. Representative at Annual United Nations Development Programme and United Nations Population Fund Joint Executive Board Meeting

In a statement at the annual joint Executive Board meeting of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA), Rosemary A. DiCarlo, U.S. Alternate Representative for Special Political Affairs stated that “the United States looks to UNFPA as a key partner in our efforts to increase worldwide access to reproductive health and family planning” and that the U.S. “will work to integrate women-focused interventions among our health programs and link maternal health, voluntary family planning, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and other health services.”

USAID releases “Report to Congress – The USAID Strategic Plan for Microbicide Research and Development: Current Initiatives and Next Generation Leads”

This report summarizes USAID’s microbicide research and development programs including past efforts and current priorities. The report also details the objectives of USAID’s strategic plan for continued microbicide research and development.