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Senate passes "International Protecting Girls by Preventing Child Marriage Act of 2011"

The Senate passed by voice vote the “International Protecting Girls by Preventing Child Marriage Act of 2011” (S. 414). Originally introduced in February of 2011, the bill states, among other things, that “child marriage undermines United States investments in foreign assistance . . . to reduce maternal and child mortality, reduce maternal illness, halt the transmission of HIV/AIDS [and] prevent gender-based violence.” The bill requires the President to establish a multi-year strategy to prevent child marriage and authorizes the President to implement a variety of foreign assistance programs directed at the needs of girls including “access to water and suitable hygiene facilities . . . [and] access to health care services and proper nutrition for adolescent girls.” 

Additional Information:

  • Senate report accompanying the bill (#112-170).
House Appropriations Committee releases FY 2013 State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Bill

The House Committee on Appropriations released the FY 2013 State and Foreign Operations Appropriations bill, which included funding for U.S. global health programs at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the State Department (see table below) comprising a significant portion of funding for the Global Health Initiative (total funding for the GHI is not currently available as some funding provided through USAID, HHS, and DoD are not yet available). Funding through the appropriations bill for the GHI at USAID and State would be $164 million (2%) greater than the President’s request.

With the exception of family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH) funding, and funding for PEPFAR at the State Department, the bill did not delineate specific amounts for other programmatic areas (e.g. TB, malaria, etc.).

The bill also included the following policy provisions:

  • Reinstates the Mexico City Policy (also known as the “Global Gag Rule”)
  • Prohibits funding for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
  • No funding provided for needle exchange programs (according to a press release accompanying the bill)

Department / Agency

FY12 Estimated (millions)

FY13 Request (millions)

FY13 House Bill 
(millions)

Difference (millions)

House – FY12

House – Request

State & Foreign Operations – Global Health Programs (GHP)

USAID

$2,625.0

$2,504.0

$2,474.9

$-150.1
 (-5.7%)

$-29.1
 (-1.2%)

State*

$5,542.9

$5,350.0

$5,542.9

$0
 (0%)

$192.9
 (3.6%)

Total GHI (known amounts)**

$8,167.9

$7,854.0

$8,017.7

$-150.1
 (-1.8%)

$163.7
 (2.1%)

Family Planning & Reproductive Health (FP/RH)

FP/RH***

$661.0

$642.7

$461.0

$-200
 (-30.3%)

$-181.7
 (-28.3%)

       of which UNFPA

$35.0

$39.0

$0.0

$-35
 (-100%)

$-39
 (-100%)

*Represents combined PEPFAR funding (HIV bilateral and Global Fund) at the State Department.
**Total funding for the GHI is not currently available as some funding provided through USAID, HHS, and DoD are not yet available.
***The House FY 2013 State and Foreign Operations bill states that “Of the funds appropriated by this Act, not more than $461,000,000 may be made available for family planning/reproductive health.” FY 2012 FP/RH funding was enacted at “not less than” $610 million; according to ForeignAssistance.gov (accessed 5/16/12), the Administration has planned to provide $661 million for FP/RH in FY 2012.

USAID joins Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Partnership

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah announced that USAID has joined the Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Partnership, an effort that “brings together governments, donors, civil society organizations, and development partners to achieve sustainable sanitation and drinking water.”

MCC Quarterly Town Hall Meeting

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) will host its quarterly town hall meeting on Friday, March 23, 2012 at 10:00 am where the following topics will be discussed:

  • The proposed Zambia Compact and its water and sanitation project;
  • Status of the Malawi Compact; and
  • A revised Threshold Program with Niger.

Learn more and RSVP to the event here.

Secretary Clinton announces new U.S. Water Partnership; Administration actions and resources commemorating World Water Day

During a speech commemorating World Water Day, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced the launch of the U.S. Water Partnership (USWP), a public-private partnership that, according to a State Department press release, “seeks to mobilize U.S.-based knowledge, expertise and resources to improve water security around the world – particularly in those countries most in need.” The State Department also released a fact sheet providing details about the partnership.

Additional Administration actions and resources commemorating World Water Day:

CRS releases report on FY2012 State and Foreign Operations appropriations

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled “State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations”. According to the summary, “[t]his report analyzes the FY2012 request and congressional action related to FY2012 State-Foreign Operations legislation.”

UPDATED: House-Senate Conference Committee releases FY 2012 Appropriations Agreement

UPDATE: The President signed the bill into law (Public Law #112-74) on December 23, 2011 after the Conference Agreement passed the House (296-121) on December 16, 2011 and the Senate (67-32) on December 17, 2011. Additionally, the Senate voted against (43-56) a resolution (H.Con.Res. 94) that would have applied a 1.83% across-the-board rescission to all FY 2012 appropriations except the Department of Defense (DoD), Military Construction, and Veterans Affairs.
————-

Representative Hal Rogers (R-KY, 5th; Chairman House Committee on Appropriations) released a statement announcing that a joint House-Senate Conference Committee had reached agreement on final FY 2012 Appropriations legislation (H.R. 2055), which includes funding for global health programs through the State Department, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Department of Defense (DoD). While total funding for the Global Health Initiative (GHI) is not yet available, the appropriations detailed in this agreement totaled $8.3 billion.

According to the Conference Report and the Joint Statement of Managers, the legislation also:

  • Directs that no FY 2012 global health funds may be used for needle exchange programs;
  • Includes additional Congressional oversight before the Administration makes a multi-year funding pledge;
  • Requires the Administration to report back to Congress with an analysis of the potential costs/savings of transitioning the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) into USAID; and
  • Requires the Administration to report back to Congress with an analysis of transitioning the leadership of the Global Health Initiative (GHI) to USAID as outlined in the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR).

Global health appropriations as provided in the Conference Report (House Report 112-331) and Joint Statement of Managers are summarized as follows:

Area

Part of the GHI*

FY11 Enacted (millions)

FY12 Request (millions)

FY12 Conference Agreement
(millions)**

Difference
(millions)

Conference – FY11

Conference – Request

State & Foreign Operations

Maternal & Child Health (MCH)

X

$548.9

$846.0

$605.6

$56.7
 (10.3%)

$-240.5
 (-28.4%)

        GAVI (non-add)

X

$90.0

$115.0

$100.0

$10
 (11.1%)

$-15
 (-13%)

Nutrition

X

$89.8

$150.0

$95.0

$5.2
 (5.8%)

$-55
 (-36.7%)

Vulnerable Children

X

$15.0

$15.0

$17.5

$2.5
 (16.9%)

$2.5
 (16.7%)

HIV/AIDS

X

$4,935.1

$4,991.9

$4,842.9

$-92.3
 (-1.9%)

$-149
 (-3%)

        USAID

X

$349.3

$350.0

$350.0

$0.7
 (0.2%)

$0
 (0%)

        State Department

X

$4,585.8

$4,641.9

$4,492.9

$-93
 (-2%)

$-149
 (-3.2%)

Global Fund

X

$748.5

$1,000.0

$1,050.0

$301.5
 (40.3%)

$50
 (5%)

Family Planning/Reproductive Health (FP/RH)***

 

$615.0

$769.1

$610.0

$-5
 (-0.8%)

$-159.1
 (-20.7%)

        GHCS Account

X

$524.0

$625.6

$524.0

$0
 (0%)

$-101.7
 (-16.2%)

        Other Bilateral Accounts

 

$51.1

$96.0

$51.1

$0
 (0%)

$-45
 (-46.8%)

        UNFPA

 

$40.0

$47.5

$35.0

$-5
 (-12.5%)

$-12.5
 (-26.3%)

Tuberculosis

X

$224.6

$236.0

$236.0

$11.5
 (5.1%)

$0
 (0%)

Malaria

X

$618.8

$691.0

$650.0

$31.2
 (5%)

$-41
 (-5.9%)

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)

X

$76.8

$100.0

$89.0

$12.2
 (15.8%)

$-11
 (-11%)

Pandemic Preparedness

X

$47.9

$60.0

$58.0

$10.1
 (21.1%)

$-2
 (-3.3%)

MCC

 

$898.2

$1,125.1

$898.2

$0
 (0%)

$-226.9
 (-20.2%)

Water

 

-

-

$315.0

-

-

Health and Human Services (HHS)

CDC Global Health

 

$340.3

$381.2

$348.9

$8.6
 (2.5%)

$-32.4
 (-8.5%)

        of which HIV

X

$118.7

$118.0

$117.8

$-0.9
 (-0.8%)

$-0.2
 (-0.2%)

NIH – Global Fund

X

$297.3

$300.0

$0.0

$-297.3
 (-100%)

$-300
 (-100%)

NIH – Fogarty International Center

 

$69.4

$71.3

$69.6

$0.2
 (0.3%)

$-1.7
 (-2.4%)

Department of Defense (DoD)

HIV

X

$10.0

$0.0

$8.0

$-2
 (-20%)

-

The Global Health Initiative

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