The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled â€œThe Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S. Contributions from FY2001 to the FY2012 Request.â€ In addition to background information and a summary of U.S. contributions to the Global Fund, the report â€œdiscusses changes the Global Fund has made to improve the efficiency of its programs and address allegations of corruption, . . . and analyzes issues Congress might consider as it debates the appropriate level of U.S support to provide the Fund.”
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) released “2010 Health Research Report to Congress: Health Systems Strengthening Chapter,” the fourth installment of the final annual update on the results of USAID’s 2006-2010 health research strategy. The first installment was a chapter on HIV/AIDS, the second installment was a chapter on maternal health, and the third installment was on newborn health.
Administrator Shah delivers speech titled “Modern Development Enterprise” and announces new evaluation policy
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah delivered a speech titled “The Modern Development Enterprise” at the Center for Global Development. During his remarks, Administrator Shah emphasized the importance of monitoring and evaluation of U.S. development efforts and announced the release of USAID’s new evaluation policy.
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled “The Global Challenge of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.” According to the summary, “[t]his report reviews the U.S. response to HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria and discusses several issues Congress may consider as it debates spending levels and priority areas for related programs” including funding trends, disease-specific issues, and cross-cutting issues.
In a speech before the Ghanaian Parliament, President Obama listed health as one of “four areas that are critical to the future of Africa and the entire developing world.” President Obama also stated that “because of incentives — often provided by donor nations — many African doctors and nurses go overseas, or work for programs that focus on a single disease. And this creates gaps in primary care and basic prevention.” Finally, President Obama summarized his global health initiative stating that his administration “will carry forward the fight against HIV/AIDS. We will pursue the goal of ending deaths from malaria and tuberculosis, and we will work to eradicate polio. We will fight — we will fight neglected tropical disease. And we won’t confront illnesses in isolation — we will invest in public health systems that promote wellness and focus on the health of mothers and children.”
U.S. and Russia sign Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the Field of Public Health and Medical Sciences
The memorandum, signed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Russian Ministry of Health and Social Development, includes the involvement of the “U.S. Agency for International Development, scientific research institutions, including those of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, and other organizations of the two countries,” and focuses on the following areas: infectious diseases, chronic and non-communicable diseases, maternal and child health protection, and improving global health.
The proposed bill would establish the “Health Technology Program” within USAID to “develop, advance, and introduce affordable, available, and appropriate technologies specifically designed: a) to improve the health and nutrition of developing country populations; b) to reduce maternal and child mortality; and c) to improve the diagnosis, prevention and reduction of disease, especially HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other major diseases.” The bill requires that program funding be provided by USAID on a competitive basis and that the USAID Administrator provide an annual report to Congress on the progress and outlook of the program. Finally, the bill authorizes the appropriation of $5 million for each of the fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
From the report summary: “This report explains the role CDC plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.”
USAID announces new program to address substandard and counterfeit medicines in developing countries
USAID announced the Promoting the Quality of Medicines (PQM) Program, a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) that “will serve as a primary mechanism to help assure the quality, safety and efficacy of medicines that are essential to USAID’s priority health programs.”
Senator Sherrod Brown urges President Obama to include TB as a “prominent” part of the Global Health Initiative
Senator Brown wrote a letter to President Obama urging him “to make global tuberculosis (TB) control a prominent component of the Global Health Initiative (GHI).” In his letter, Senator Brown stated that “a request of $650 million for bilateral TB programs in fiscal year 2011 would represent a significant step in the right direction.”