From the report summary: “This report analyzes the FY2009 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2009. This report will be updated to further reflect congressional action.”
S.Res. 90 – A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate regarding the Fifth Summit of the Americas
The bill expresses the sense of the Senate “that the United States is prepared to work with the countries of the Western Hemisphere” in a variety of areas including: “continuing the fight against HIV/AIDS, vector-borne, and noncommunicable diseases; recommitting to the Millennium Development Goals; and supporting investment in public health.”
The State Department announced that U.S. Official Development Assistance (ODA) totaled $26.0 billion in 2008 including $4.4 billion for HIV/AIDS related efforts and another $4.4 billion towards humanitarian assistance.
Co-chair of the President’s Council of Advisers on Science and Technology supports increased U.S. involvement in addressing global health issues
During an interview, Dr. Harold Varmus, Co-chair of the Presidentâ€™s Council of Advisers on Science and Technology stated that the U.S. should increase its role in addressing health issues in developing countries. He stated that he would ask President Obama to endorse a recent Institute of Medicine (IOM) report that calls on the U.S. to double its funding for global health by 2012.
The bill directs the Administrator of USAID to establish an “Office of Volunteers for Prosperity” that will fund and oversee a fellowship program aimed at creating volunteering opportunities abroad. Fellowships would be award to individuals working on projects that address a variety of challenges facing developing countries including: “reducing child mortality and improving maternal health, providing medical and dental health care and prevention, and combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other infectious diseases.” The bill authorizes $15 million per year from 2010 to 2012.
President Obama appointed Jeffrey S. Crowley as the Director of the Office of National AIDS Policy.
The Director of National Intelligence, Admiral Dennis C. Blair, presented the “Annual Threat Assessment of the Intelligence Community” to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. The assessment includes analysis of global health issues and potential threats posed to the U.S.
The report “provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by answering frequently asked questions on the subject.”
CRS Report – PEPFAR Reauthorization: Key Policy Debates and Changes to U.S. International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Programs and Funding
“This report provides background on PEPFAR implementation and results” including: funding levels, key policy debates, and “key changes to programs and funding for U.S. international efforts to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria programs as directed by the 110th Congress in the Lantos-Hyde Act as enacted.”
This report examines policy issues surrounding the U.S. debate on foreign assistance for family planning including the “Mexico City Policy” and funding for the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA).