The proposed bill would establish the “Health Technology Program” within USAID to “develop, advance, and introduce affordable, available, and appropriate technologies specifically designed: a) to improve the health and nutrition of developing country populations; b) to reduce maternal and child mortality; and c) to improve the diagnosis, prevention and reduction of disease, especially HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other major diseases.” The bill requires that program funding be provided by USAID on a competitive basis and that the USAID Administrator provide an annual report to Congress on the progress and outlook of the program. Finally, the bill authorizes the appropriation of $5 million for each of the fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
Secretary of State Clinton’s statements and actions on global health issues during diplomatic trip to Africa
On August 3, 2009, Secretary of State Clinton began an eleven day diplomatic trip to seven countries in Africa. During her trip Secretary Clinton discussed U.S. foreign assistance policy at the 8th Forum of the African Growth and Opportunity Act, U.S. food security policy during a visit to the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, attended a PEPFAR event in South Africa, signed an agreement to combat HIV/AIDS with Angola, attended the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between USAID, Chevron, and the Cooperative League of the United States of America (CLUSA) on agricultural development in Angola, and announced $17 million in new funding to address sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, discusses PEPFAR and U.S. global health policy during International AIDS Society Conference
During the 5th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, discussed U.S. global health policy and the role of PEPFAR under the new Administration.
GAO Report – President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief: Partner Selection and Oversight Follow Accepted Practices but Would Benefit from Enhanced Planning and Accountability
In this report, “GAO examined practices used in (1) selecting organizations to implement PEPFAR activities and (2) overseeing these organizationsâ€™ PEPFAR activities.” Additionally, “GAO recommends that the Secretary of State direct OGAC to take several steps to improve specific processes for selecting PEPFAR implementing partners and strengthen oversight of PEPFAR partners.”
In a speech before the Ghanaian Parliament, President Obama listed health as one of “four areas that are critical to the future of Africa and the entire developing world.” President Obama also stated that “because of incentives — often provided by donor nations — many African doctors and nurses go overseas, or work for programs that focus on a single disease. And this creates gaps in primary care and basic prevention.” Finally, President Obama summarized his global health initiative stating that his administration “will carry forward the fight against HIV/AIDS. We will pursue the goal of ending deaths from malaria and tuberculosis, and we will work to eradicate polio. We will fight — we will fight neglected tropical disease. And we won’t confront illnesses in isolation — we will invest in public health systems that promote wellness and focus on the health of mothers and children.”
The purpose of GROWTH Act of 2009 as stated in the bill text is â€œto ensure that the policies of the United States actively promote development and economic opportunities for women.â€ The bill directs the President to â€œpay special attention to the needs of women in developing countriesâ€ by providing, among other things, â€œbasic health and HIV/AIDS education.â€
Remarks by Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, on PEPFAR and the Administration’s U.S. global health policy
In remarks during a luncheon provided by InterAction, a coalition of humanitarian organizations, Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, listed some of his priorities for PEPFAR and discussed the new Administration’s approach to U.S. global health policy, including the goals of President Obama’s Global Health Initiative.
The State Department released a fact sheet titled “The U.S. Commitment to Development” that summarizes the U.S. commitment â€œto helping the worldâ€™s poor through a broad variety of mechanisms.â€ The fact sheet provides an overview of existing U.S. development programs and initiatives, such as the Millennium Challenge Account and the Presidentâ€™s Global Health Initiative, as well as U.S. involvement in specific issue areas, such as food security, water, and sanitation issues.
U.S. and Russia sign Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the Field of Public Health and Medical Sciences
The memorandum, signed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Russian Ministry of Health and Social Development, includes the involvement of the “U.S. Agency for International Development, scientific research institutions, including those of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, and other organizations of the two countries,” and focuses on the following areas: infectious diseases, chronic and non-communicable diseases, maternal and child health protection, and improving global health.
“The PEPFAR Operational Plan links all sources of PEPFAR funding, some of which are notified and detailed to Congress by other parts of the United States Government (USG). It also provides descriptions to support notification to Congress for funds from the Global Health and Child Survival (GHCS-State) account and descriptions of activities supporting PEPFAR from other appropriation accounts.”