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USAID releases “Report to Congress – The USAID Strategic Plan for Microbicide Research and Development: Current Initiatives and Next Generation Leads”

This report summarizes USAID’s microbicide research and development programs including past efforts and current priorities. The report also details the objectives of USAID’s strategic plan for continued microbicide research and development.

USAID releases “Report to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID, An Updated on the Five Year Strategy, 2006-2010″

USAID released “Report to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID, An Updated on the Five Year Strategy, 2006-2010.” The report provides an update on USAID’s “strategy for using research funds to stimulate the development and introduction of key products” and highlights research in the following areas: maternal and newborn health; child, environmental, and urban health; nutrition; reproductive health and family planning; HIV/AIDS; malaria; tuberculosis; and health systems strengthening.

CRS Report – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2010

From the report summary: “This report explains the role CDC plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.”

S. 1593 – Social Investment and Economic Development for the Americas Act of 2010

Among other things, the proposed bill states that it is U.S. policy “to improve public health in the countries of the Americas by – A) implementing the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations to prevent pandemics and reduce the likelihood of public health emergencies; and B) implementing the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS.” Additionally, the bill creates the “Social Investment and Economic Development for the Americas” fund and authorizes the President to “provide increased and sustained assistance” directed at “improving health and disease prevention.” Finally, the bill authorizes appropriations for these and other activities described in the bill in the amount of $175 million for 2010, $225 million for 2011, $275 million for 2012, $300 million for 2013, and $325 million for 2014.

S. 1591 – 21st Century Global Health Technology Act

The proposed bill would establish the “Health Technology Program” within USAID to “develop, advance, and introduce affordable, available, and appropriate technologies specifically designed: a) to improve the health and nutrition of developing country populations; b) to reduce maternal and child mortality; and c) to improve the diagnosis, prevention and reduction of disease, especially HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other major diseases.” The bill requires that program funding be provided by USAID on a competitive basis and that the USAID Administrator provide an annual report to Congress on the progress and outlook of the program. Finally, the bill authorizes the appropriation of $5 million for each of the fiscal years 2010 through 2014.

Secretary of State Clinton’s statements and actions on global health issues during diplomatic trip to Africa

On August 3, 2009, Secretary of State Clinton began an eleven day diplomatic trip to seven countries in Africa. During her trip Secretary Clinton discussed U.S. foreign assistance policy at the 8th Forum of the African Growth and Opportunity Act, U.S. food security policy during a visit to the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, attended a PEPFAR event in South Africa, signed an agreement to combat HIV/AIDS with Angola, attended the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between USAID, Chevron, and the Cooperative League of the United States of America (CLUSA) on agricultural development in Angola, and announced $17 million in new funding to address sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, discusses PEPFAR and U.S. global health policy during International AIDS Society Conference

During the 5th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, discussed U.S. global health policy and the role of PEPFAR under the new Administration.

GAO Report – President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief: Partner Selection and Oversight Follow Accepted Practices but Would Benefit from Enhanced Planning and Accountability

In this report, “GAO examined practices used in (1) selecting organizations to implement PEPFAR activities and (2) overseeing these organizations’ PEPFAR activities.” Additionally, “GAO recommends that the Secretary of State direct OGAC to take several steps to improve specific processes for selecting PEPFAR implementing partners and strengthen oversight of PEPFAR partners.”

President Obama discusses global health issues during speech before Ghanaian Parliament

In a speech before the Ghanaian Parliament, President Obama listed health as one of “four areas that are critical to the future of Africa and the entire developing world.” President Obama also stated that “because of incentives — often provided by donor nations — many African doctors and nurses go overseas, or work for programs that focus on a single disease. And this creates gaps in primary care and basic prevention.” Finally, President Obama summarized his global health initiative stating that his administration “will carry forward the fight against HIV/AIDS. We will pursue the goal of ending deaths from malaria and tuberculosis, and we will work to eradicate polio. We will fight — we will fight neglected tropical disease. And we won’t confront illnesses in isolation — we will invest in public health systems that promote wellness and focus on the health of mothers and children.”