The Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report titled “The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR): Funding Issues After a Decade of Implementation, FY2004-FY2013.” According to the summary, “[t]his report outlines U.S. spending on global HIV/AIDS programs since the inception of PEPFAR, analyzes global HIV/AIDS funding by other donors, and highlights key issues pertaining to funding that will face the 113th Congress as it considers the future of PEPFAR.”
The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released the “PEPFAR FY 2013 Country Operational Plan (COP) Guidance” outlining the U.S. Government’s (USG) “annual investments and anticipated results in HIV/AIDS and [is] the basis for approval of annual USG bilateral HIV/AIDS funding in most countries.”
Representative Howard Berman (D-CA, 28th) introduced the “Global Partnership Act of 2012” (H.R. 6644). According to a press release from Representative Berman, the bill would reform the U.S. foreign aid system and replace “both the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, which covers economic, and development assistance, and the Arms Export Control Act, which deals with arms sales and military aid” The proposed bill includes specific sections addressing maternal and child health, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, neglected tropical diseases, family planning and reproductive health, noncommunicable diseases, water, and food security.
- Area: Congress
- Information Type: House Bills
- Organization/Initiative: USAID, State Dept.
- Issue/Condition: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Nutrition/Food Security, Foreign Aid Reform, Water, Family Planning/Reproductive Health, Maternal & Child Health, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs)
During his State of the Union address, President Obama highlighted U.S. efforts to improve global health stating that “[w]eâ€™re helping developing countries to feed themselves, and continuing the fight against HIV/AIDS. And we are launching a new initiative that will give us the capacity to respond faster and more effectively to bioterrorism or an infectious disease.”
The Presidentâ€™s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released a report titled “Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Expert Panel Report and Recommendations to the U.S. Congress and U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator.” This report, which was mandated by Congress in the 2008 PEPFAR reuthorization (P.L. 110-293), provides an overview of HIV among women and children, summarizes the effectiveness of current PMTCT interventions, and highlights the challenges and opportunities to improve PMTCT. The report concludes with a series of recommendations to the Global AIDS Coordinator and Congress for the scale-up of PMTCT services.
As part of the Third Replenishment of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria the Obama Administration announced a 3-year, $4 billion (FY11-FY13) pledge and a “Call to Action” to the Global Fund aimed at “develop[ing] and implement[ing] a set of reforms to maximize the impact of Global Fund grants.” Additionally, a press release from the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) on the new commitment and “Call to Action” states that future U.S. contributions to the Global Fund would be based on a “review of: 1) measurable progress in delivering on an action agenda for improved grant impact, 2) maintaining the Global Fundâ€™s focus on combating the three diseases, and 3) continued financial support from other donors.”
The United States and Ethiopia signed the “Five-Year Partnership Framework in Support of the Ethiopian National Response to HIV/AIDS 2010-2014,” a strategic plan guiding the joint efforts of the two countries, and other stakeholders, to address the impacts of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. The President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Partnership Framework is intended “to increase the effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability of the national response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ethiopia” and includes â€œthe goals of providing health and related social services for most-at-risk populations, as well as strengthening arrangements, such as the International Health Partnership (IHP+) and other multilateral and bilateral relationships.â€
Administration official discusses U.S. efforts to assist Least Developed Countries through the GHI and Feed the Future
In a statement before the Economic and Financial Committee (Second Committee) of the General Assembly of the United Nations, U.S. Deputy Representative to ECOSOC John Sammis summarized U.S. efforts to help reduce poverty and achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) through initiatives such as the Global Health Initiative (GHI) and Feed the Future (FtF).
HHS and PEPFAR announces 5-year, $130 million commitment for partnership aimed at increasing the number of health workers in Africa
A press release from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced a 5-year, $130 million commitment by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) for the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI), an effort originally announced in March 2010 aimed at increasing the number of health care workers in Africa. U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby stated “MEPI will strengthen national plans to improve medical instruction and bolster the overall health care delivery systems.”
GAO Report – Trends in U.S. Spending for Global HIV/AIDS and Other Health Assistance in Fiscal Years 2001-2008
The report analyzes U.S. bilateral funding (in the form of disbursements) for global HIV/AIDS and other health-related programs in FY01-FY08. Additionally, the report provides information on the models used by the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) to estimate HIV treatment costs.