The Director of National Intelligence, Admiral Dennis C. Blair, presented the “Annual Threat Assessment of the Intelligence Community” to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. The assessment includes analysis of global health issues and potential threats posed to the U.S.
The Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced $11.75 million in grants over five years to train researchers in Haiti, Uganda, China, and Tanzania focusing on HIV/AIDS and TB.
Among other things, the bill states that “child marriage undermines United States investments in foreign assistance . . . to reduce maternal and child mortality, reduce maternal illness, halt the transmission of HIV/AIDS [and] prevent gender-based violence.” The bill requires the President to establish a multi-year strategy to prevent child marriage and authorizes the President to implement a variety of foreign assistance programs directed at the needs of girls including “access to water and suitable hygiene facilities . . . [and] access to health care services and proper nutrition for adolescent girls.” The bill authorizes “such sums as necessary.”
From the report summary: “This report provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by answering frequently asked questions on the subject.”
The Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) awarded grants totaling almost $2.7 million to train HIV/AIDS researchers in 15 low- and middle-income countries. The grants were awarded as part of the 20-year-old AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP).
From the report summary: “This report analyzes the FY2009 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2009. This report will be updated to further reflect congressional action.”
S.Res. 90 – A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate regarding the Fifth Summit of the Americas
The bill expresses the sense of the Senate “that the United States is prepared to work with the countries of the Western Hemisphere” in a variety of areas including: “continuing the fight against HIV/AIDS, vector-borne, and noncommunicable diseases; recommitting to the Millennium Development Goals; and supporting investment in public health.”
The report provides an overview of the program, its successes and future goals.
CRS Report – PEPFAR Reauthorization: Key Policy Debates and Changes to U.S. International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Programs and Funding
“This report provides background on PEPFAR implementation and results” including: funding levels, key policy debates, and “key changes to programs and funding for U.S. international efforts to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria programs as directed by the 110th Congress in the Lantos-Hyde Act as enacted.”
This report examines policy issues surrounding the U.S. debate on foreign assistance for family planning including the “Mexico City Policy” and funding for the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA).