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CRS Report – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2011

From the report summary: “This report explains the role CDC plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.”

S. 2971 – Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011

Among other things, the bill authorizes personnel increases at the State Department and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The bill also changes the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) by allowing the development of concurrent and subsequent Compacts.

Timeline of the bill:

- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on January 29, 2010.

- Reported favorably out of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on April 27, 2010.

U.S. and South Africa sign a Memorandum of Understanding establishing a framework for a Strategic Dialogue

Secretary of State Clinton and South Africa’s Minister of International Relations and Cooperation Maite Nkoana-Mashabane signed a Memorandum of Understanding establishing a framework for a Strategic Dialogue between the two countries that “will reinforce cooperation in key areas” including health and food security.

State Department Official discusses health and food security in a speech titled “U.S.-Africa Policy Under the Obama Administration”

In a speech titled “U.S.-Africa Policy Under the Obama Administration” given at the Harvard University Africa Focus Program, Johnnie Carson, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs, outlined the areas of focus for U.S. work with African countries including food security and health. During his remarks, Assistant Secretary Carson discussed the Global Hunger and Food Security Initiative (GHFSI), the Obama Administration’s efforts to address health issues through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the Global Health Initiative (GHI).

Senate letter expresses concern regarding access to treatment provided by PEPFAR

In a letter to U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby, Senators Enzi, Coburn, Burr, Brownback and Isakson express “grave concern regarding reports of individuals seeking assistance provided by the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) who have been denied access to life-saving treatment” and ask Ambassador Goosby to provide specific information on HIV/AIDS treatment levels “to assure us that PEPFAR is continuing to focus on treatment.”

President Obama praises South Africa’s commitment to combating HIV/AIDS

During a meeting with South African President Jacob Zuma, President Obama praised the Zuma administration’s efforts to “aggressively address the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa, particularly the goal of reducing infection rates and increasing access to treatment significantly by 2012 – 2013.”

H.R. 5117 – Education for All Act of 2010

The proposed bill would establish U.S. policy and principles aimed at achieving universal education and would require the President to develop a strategy “to promote universal basic education by 2015.” While the proposed bill is primarily focused on education, it also includes improving health conditions part of the guiding principles and overall education strategy. Specifically, the bill states that the U.S. should “utilize schools as the foundation for communities’ development and integrate assistance programs, including health and development programs, such as nutrition [and] school feeding programs” and that the U.S. should work to reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS on education systems “by equipping teachers with the skills needed for HIV/AIDS prevention and support for persons with, or affected by, HIV/AIDS.”

H.R. 5268 – Improvements in Global Maternal and newborn health Outcomes while Maximizing Successes Act

The proposed bill would “authorize assistance to improve maternal and newborn health in developing countries,” and would require the President “to develop a strategy to reduce mortality and improve maternal and newborn health in developing countries.” Additionally, the proposed bill would authorize the appropriations of “such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.”

CRS Report – A New United Nations Entity for Women: Issues for Congress

In September 2009, United Nations (UN) member states, including the United States, adopted a resolution supporting the creation of a new UN entity focused on women’s issues that would consolidate the efforts of 4 existing entities at the UN. Among other things, this report “analyzes U.S. policy toward the new entity, including its possible role in U.S. foreign policy and the level and extent of U.S. financial contributions to existing U.N. system gender entities.”