As part of the Omnibus Appropriations Act, the Department of State will contribute $50 million to the United Nations Population Fund in 2009.
Family Planning/Reproductive Health
USAID releases “Report to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID, An Updated on the Five Year Strategy, 2006-2010″
USAID released â€œReport to Congress: Health-Related Research and Development Activities at USAID, An Updated on the Five Year Strategy, 2006-2010.â€ The report provides an update on USAIDâ€™s â€œstrategy for using research funds to stimulate the development and introduction of key productsâ€ and highlights research in the following areas: maternal and newborn health; child, environmental, and urban health; nutrition; reproductive health and family planning; HIV/AIDS; malaria; tuberculosis; and health systems strengthening.
Statement by U.S. Representative at Annual United Nations Development Programme and United Nations Population Fund Joint Executive Board Meeting
In a statement at the annual joint Executive Board meeting of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA), Rosemary A. DiCarlo, U.S. Alternate Representative for Special Political Affairs stated that “the United States looks to UNFPA as a key partner in our efforts to increase worldwide access to reproductive health and family planning” and that the U.S. “will work to integrate women-focused interventions among our health programs and link maternal health, voluntary family planning, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and other health services.”
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) released a report titled “Decades of Progress: USAID’s Child Survival and Maternal Health Program” summarizing USAID’s efforts and approach towards improving child and maternal health globally.
The proposed bill would establish the “White House Office of Global Hunger and Food Security” to advise the President and coordinate U.S. government efforts to address global hunger and food security. This office would be required to create “a comprehensive government wide strategy to address global hunger and food security, . . . establish indicators to measure progress with respect to specific global hunger and food security targets,” and submit an annual report to the President and Congress on the status of U.S. efforts to address global hunger and food security.
The proposed bill would also create a “Permanent Joint Select Committee on Hunger” comprised of sixteen members (eight Representatives and eight Senators) that would be able to “hold hearings, conduct investigations, issue independent reports and analyses, make policy and program recommendations,” and oversee the progress of the White House Office on Global Hunger and Food Security to implement the government wide plan to address global hunger and food security.
The bill authorizes over $50 billion in funding for FY 2010 through FY 2014 to fulfill the requirements previously outlined.
The report “provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by answering frequently asked questions on the subject.”
The proposed bill would prevent federal expenditures on any form of family planning programs/activities both foreign and domestic.
H.R. 708 – To restrict assistance to foreign organizations that perform or actively promote abortions
The bill would restrict U.S. foreign assistance funds from being appropriated to any organization (private, NGO, multilateral, etc.) that performs or promotes abortions except in the case where the motherâ€™s life is at threat or where the pregnancy was due to forcible rape or incest.
White House Rescinds “Mexico City Policy” Removing Restrictions on Funding for Family Planning Assistance
In a Presidential Memoranda, President Obama rescinded the “Mexico City Policy” that restricted the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) from providing funds to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that provide â€œvoluntary population planningâ€ services. President Obama also announced his support for U.S. funding of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
This report examines policy issues surrounding the U.S. debate on foreign assistance for family planning including the “Mexico City Policy” and funding for the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA).