The proposed bill directs the Secretary of State to determine and withhold the amount of the U.S. contribution to the United Nations that would be allocated to the United Nations Human Rights Council.
The proposed bill authorizes the President and the Secretary of State to “increase the number of educational and cultural exchange activities involving persons from scientific, medicine, research, and academic sectors” by creating new programs or expanding existing ones. Additionally, the bill authorizes the Secretary of State to appoint U.S. Science Envoys “to collaborate with other countries to promote the advancement of science and technology throughout the world based on issues of common interest and expertise.”
H.R. 2293 – To amend the Trade Act of 1974 to require a Public Health Advisory Committee on Trade to be included in the trade advisory committee system, to require public health organizations to be included on the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations, and for other purposes
The bill would create a Public Health Advisory Committee on Trade that would submit a report to the President, Congress, and the United States Trade Representative on all proposed trade agreements and “the extent to which the trade agreement promotes public health and promotes the goal of protecting the environment in the United States and in any other country affected by the agreement.” The bill also requires public health organizations be included on the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations.
Among other things, the bill authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to contribute $468 million to the African Development Fund for the 11th replenishment of resources and an additional $26 million “to the African Development Fund for the purpose of funding debt relief under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative.” The bill also directs the Secretary of the Treasury to “seek to ensure that each multilateral development bank discloses to member countries the operating budget of the bank, including expenses for staff, consultants, travel, and facilities.”
Among other things, the bill authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to contribute $3.7 billion to the International Development Association for the 15th replenishment of resources and an additional $356 million “to the International Development Association for the purpose of funding debt relief under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative.” The bill also directs the Secretary of the Treasury to “seek to ensure that multilateral development banks rigorously evaluate the development impact of selected bank projects, programs, and financing operations.” Finally, the bill requires the Secretary of the Treasury to conduct a study in coordination with the Secretary of State, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, and other Federal agencies “on the respective roles each agency plays in the formulation of United States policy concerning the development policy, programs, and activities of the World Bank Group.”
Representative Obey submitted an FY 2009 supplemental appropriations bill totaling “$94.2 billion, $9.3 billion above the White House request.” The supplemental bill included $10.4 billion for international affairs and $500 million for food assistance, $100 million for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and $2 billion for pandemic flu response ($200 million for global pandemic efforts).
Among other things, the resolution expresses support for achieving the target of ending malaria deaths by 2015, reaffirms the U.S. commitment to combat malaria, and urges improved coordination among U.S. and other international health programs.
Many members of Congress have issued formal statements as a result of the recent H1N1 virus outbreak. Some of the statements are provided below (this list does not include all member statements).
From the report summary: “This report identifies the legislative origins of General Provisions that pertain to foreign aid in the current Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2009 (division J of the Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009; P.L. 111-8; 123 Stat. 524 at 831). . . . Over time, as enactment of foreign aid reauthorizations waned, the General Provisions of foreign appropriations measures increasingly became the place for Congress to assert its views on the role and use of U.S. foreign aid policy, put limits or conditions on assistance, or even authorize new programs.”
The bill includes provisions that would provide direct financial assistance and other resources to improve health care services and conditions (among other things) to women and children in Afghanistan.