This report provides an overview of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) outlining the implementation process and summarizing a set of “select issues”: funding, authorizing legislation and MCC reform, compact size, speed of implementation, compact sectors, compact impact, changing costs, and the role of USAID and the future of agency programs in MCC countries.
The bill creates the position of â€œSpecial Coordinator for Food Securityâ€ to advise the President on international food security issues, authorizes funds for agriculture, rural development, and nutrition programs under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and fosters collaboration between eligible countries and institutions of higher learning in order to improve agricultural productivity and alleviate hunger.
Among other things, the proposed bill addresses public health and climate change, and creates the â€œClimate Change Health Protection and Promotion Fundâ€ to be used for investigating and addressing the impacts of climate change on public health. The bill also directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to provide â€œtechnical assistance for the development, implementation, and support of preparedness and response plans to anticipate and reduce the health threats of climate change in developing countriesâ€ and authorizes the Secretary to distribute funds to the departments, agencies, foreign governments, and other relevant entities.
Additionally, the proposed bill establishes an â€œInternational Climate Change Adaptation Programâ€ and authorizes the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and Administrators of USAID and the EPA, to provide both bilateral and multilateral assistance in order to help developing countries address the impacts of climate change. Among other areas, assistance provided under this program would be directed towards addressing the impacts of climate change on water availability, agricultural productivity and health. Finally, the program requires the Administrator of USAID to provide an annual report on the implications of climate change in developing countries including changes in the availability of resources, agricultural productivity, and the prevalence or virulence of climate-related diseases.
Timeline of the bill:
- Introduced on May 15, 2009 and referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce. The bill was also referred to the Committees on Foreign Affairs, Financial Services, Education and Labor, Science and Technology, Transportation and Infrastructure, Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.
- Approved by a vote of 33-25 in the House Committee on Energy and Commerce on May 21, 2009.
- The bill passed a vote of the full House (219-212) on June 26, 2009.
H.R. 2346 provides supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2009. The proposed bill authorizes appropriations dedicated to the International Affairs budget, food assistance, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and to addressing pandemic diseases. The version passed by the full House on May 14, 2009 authorizes $96.7 billion in supplemental funding while the version passed by the full Senate on May 21, 2009 authorizes $91.3 billion in supplemental funding. The version outlined in the House-Senate Conference Committee Report submitted on June 12, 2009 authorizes $105.9 billion in supplemental funding.
Timeline of the bill:
- Representative Obey released a statement detailing the proposed Supplemental Appropriations bill on May 4, 2009;
- The House Committee on Appropriations made recommendations and approved the proposed bill by voice vote on May 7, 2009;
- Representative Obey formally introduced the bill on May 12, 2009. The bill was approved by the House Committee on Appropriations on the same day.
- The bill passed a vote of the full House (368-60) and was received by the Senate on May 14, 2009.
- The bill passed a vote (86-3) by the full Senate and was referred to a House-Senate Conference Committee on May 21, 2009.
- A House-Senate Conference Committee met on June 11, 2009 to resolve differences between the two versions of the bill approved by the separate chambers of Congress. The House-Senate Conference Committee submitted a Conference Report on the bill on June 12, 2009.
- The House approved the Conference Committee Report resolving differences between House and Senate versions of the bill by a vote of 226-202 on June 16, 2009.
- The Senate approved the Conference Committee Report resolving differences between House and Senate versions of the bill by a vote of 91-5 on June 18, 2009.
- The President signed the bill into law (Public Law No: 111-032) on June 24, 2009.
This report is an update to the May 26th report, “The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) ‘Swine Flu’ Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases,” which provides an overview of the U.S. role in the global response to the H1N1 influenza outbreak highlighting efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Agency for International Development, and summarizing potential issues for future consideration.
The Senate voted in favor of confirming Eric Goosby as Ambassador at Large and Global AIDS Coordinator.
Budget – Senate Committee on Appropriations announces 302(b) allocations for FY 2010 appropriation bills
The Senate Committee on Appropriations announced the 302(b) funding allocations for the FY 2010 appropriations bills. The 302(b) funding allocation provided to each appropriations subcommittee acts as a ceiling for allocating funds in the appropriation bill under the subcommittee’s jurisdiction. The 302(b) allocation to the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs is approximately $49 billion.
The proposed bill would establish the “White House Office of Global Hunger and Food Security” to advise the President and coordinate U.S. government efforts to address global hunger and food security. This office would be required to create “a comprehensive government wide strategy to address global hunger and food security, . . . establish indicators to measure progress with respect to specific global hunger and food security targets,” and submit an annual report to the President and Congress on the status of U.S. efforts to address global hunger and food security.
The proposed bill would also create a “Permanent Joint Select Committee on Hunger” comprised of sixteen members (eight Representatives and eight Senators) that would be able to “hold hearings, conduct investigations, issue independent reports and analyses, make policy and program recommendations,” and oversee the progress of the White House Office on Global Hunger and Food Security to implement the government wide plan to address global hunger and food security.
The bill authorizes over $50 billion in funding for FY 2010 through FY 2014 to fulfill the requirements previously outlined.
Congressional Budget Office – Cost Estimate of S. 955 African Development Fund Replenishment Act of 2009
The CBO “estimates that implementing S. 955 would cost $318 million over the 2010-2014 period.”
Congressional Budget Office – Cost Estimate of S. 954 World Bank International Development Association Replenishment Act of 2009
The CBO “estimates that implementing S. 954 would cost about $2.6 billion over the 2010-2014 period.”