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H.Res. 1064 – Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the ‘Anti-Homosexuality Bill, 2009′ under consideration by the Parliament of Uganda, that would impose long-term imprisonment and the death penalty for certain acts, threatens the protection of fundamental human rights, and for other purposes

Among other things, the proposed resolution states that the House of Representatives believes “the requirement that individuals report suspected homosexual individuals to the Ugandan Government could undermine Uganda’s efforts to combat HIV/AIDS” and “calls upon the President and the Secretary of State to . . . ensure that resources committed to the global HIV/AIDS response are utilized in a manner that is efficient, effective, and appropriate to the local epidemiology of the disease, including in Uganda.”

S. 2982 – International Violence Against Women Act of 2010

Among other things, the proposed bill states that “[v]iolence against women dramatically impedes progress in meeting all of our global health goals, including efforts to stem maternal mortality and the spread of HIV/AIDS.” The bill authorizes funding for efforts coordinated and conducted by an “Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues” at the State Department and a “Women’s Development Advisor” at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to prevent and address the impacts of violence against women. The bill also requires the creation and implementation of a 5-year international strategy, outlines the types of interventions that U.S. assistance would support, including “enhancing the capacity of the health sector,” and authorizes funding to implement the strategy and interventions.

Timeline of the bill:

- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on February 4, 2010.

- Reported favorably out of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on December 14, 2010.

H.R. 6521 – International Prevention of Child Marriage Act of 2010

Among other things, the bill states that “child marriage undermines United States investments in foreign assistance to . . . reduce maternal and child mortality, reduce maternal illness, halt the transmission of HIV/AIDS, [and] prevent gender-based violence” and requires the President to establish a multi-year strategy to prevent child marriage.

Senate Appropriations Committee releases FY11 Omnibus Appropriations Act

The Senate Committee on Appropriations released the text of the FY 2011 Omnibus Act with the following funding levels:

Total Funding for State & Foreign Operations: $53.5 billion ($3.1 billion below the President’s FY11 request; $4.7 billion above the FY10 enacted level)

Global Health and Child Survival Account (GHCS): $8.22 billion ($291 million below the President’s request; $443 million above the FY10 enacted level) with funding for specific areas is as follows:
Maternal and Child Health: $761 million

- Family Planning and Reproductive Health: $710 million which includes funding from multiple accounts and provides $57.5 million to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

- HIV/AIDS activities and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: $5.85 billion:
HIV/AIDS: $5.025 billion

- Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria contribution: $825 million (Note: An additional $300 million is appropriated for the Global Fund through the Department of Health and Human Services bringing total FY11 contribution to $1.125 billion.)

Millennium Challenge Corporation: $1.10 billion ($174.7 million below the President’s FY11 request; equal to the FY10 enacted level)

Food Security and Agricultural Development: $1.4 billion ($244 million below the President’s FY11 request)

S. 3688 – International Professional Exchange Act of 2010

The proposed bill would authorize the Secretary of State to create a 3-year international exchange pilot program between the U.S. and Muslim-majority countries with the purpose of, among other things, helping to “build professional capacity and contribute professional skills to local communities through a two-way exchange of fellows.” The bill also outlines the fellows selection process and includes a preference for individuals in specific professions including public health workers.

Timeline of the bill:

- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on August 2, 2010.

- Reported favorably out of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on December 14, 2010.

- The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) released a cost estimate of the bill on December 22, 2010.

H.Con.Res. 333 – Supporting the goals and ideals of World AIDS Day.

Among other things, the resolution states that Congress “supports the goals and ideals of World AIDS Day” and “supports continued funding for the President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria to provide prevention, care, and treatment to combat HIV/AIDS in developing countries.”

H.R. 6565 – Global Water Access and Equity Act

Among other things, the proposed bill would create the position of “Coordinator of United States Government Diplomatic Initiatives to Provide Safe Water and Sanitation Globally” at the State Department with the responsibility of advising the Secretary of State on U.S. efforts to improve water and sanitation access in developing countries. The bill also establishes the “Bureau for Global Water Aid” at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) headed by an Assistant Administrator who will “be responsible for the oversight and coordination of all United States Government activities to provide safe water and sanitation to developing countries” including those requirements as outlined in the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-121). Finally, the bill authorizes appropriations in the amount that “may be necessary to carry out this Act.”

S.Res. 432 – Supporting the goals and ideals of the Year of the Lung 2010.

The resolution states that “the Senate supports the goals and ideals of the Year of the Lung,” which includes efforts to combat global tuberculosis and other lung-related diseases.

Timeline of the Bill:

- Introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions on March 3, 2010.

- Passed by unanimous consent in the Senate on December 22, 2010.