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Women’s Health Policy

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The HPV Vaccine: Access and Use in the U.S.

The Food and Drug Administration(FDA) has approved three vaccines against infection by certain strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Initially, the vaccines were recommended only for girls and young women, but in 2011 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) broadened the recommendations to include boys and young men. This fact sheet discusses HPV and cancers related to the virus, such as cervical cancer, throat cancer and anal cancer. It also discusses use of the HPV vaccines for both females and males, and insurance coverage and access to the vaccines.

Round 2 on the Legal Challenges to Contraceptive Coverage: Are Nonprofits “Substantially Burdened” by the “Accommodation”?

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires most private health insurance plans to provide coverage for a broad range of preventive services including Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved prescription contraceptives and services for women. Since the implementation of the ACA contraceptive coverage requirement in 2012, over 200 corporations have filed lawsuits claiming that including coverage for contraceptives or opting for an “accommodation” from the federal government violates their religious beliefs. This brief explains the legal issues raised by the nonprofit litigation and discusses the impact of the Hobby Lobby decision on the current litigation.

Preventive Services Covered by Private Health Plans under the Affordable Care Act

This fact sheet, Preventive Services Covered by Private Health Plans under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), examines the types of preventive services or benefits that must be covered without cost sharing for adults and children. The fact sheet explores the rules and challenges of implementing coverage, as well as the application of reasonable medical management, and it outlines steps the government has taken to address these issues.

How Does Where You Work Affect Your Contraceptive Coverage?

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires most private health insurance plans to provide coverage for a broad range of preventive services including FDA approved prescription contraceptives and services for women. Legal challenges and recently issued rules have affected contraceptive coverage for many women.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs): Access for Women in the U.S.

Intrauterine devices (IUDs), along with implants, are known as long-acting reversible contraception (LARCs) because they can be used to prevent pregnancy for several years. This fact sheet reviews the various IUDs approved by the FDA; awareness, use, and availability of IUDs; and key issues in insurance coverage and financing of IUDs in the United States.

Private Insurance Coverage of Contraception

Insurance coverage of contraceptive services has been the focus of policy attention by state and federal policymakers, as well as in the courts, over the past two decades. This issue brief explains the rules for private insurance coverage of contraceptives at the federal and state level and discusses key issues regarding the provision and coverage of contraception by private insurance plans, including the impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Medicaid and Family Planning: Background and Implications of the ACA

This brief reviews the role of Medicaid in financing and enabling access to family planning services for low-income women; discusses how states have expanded access to these services with Medicaid; and highlights future programmatic challenges in the context of the health care delivery and coverage reforms resulting from the Affordable Care Act (ACA).