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How Does Medicaid Work and What’s at Stake Under a Block Grant or Per Capita Cap?: A Video Slideshow
A new video slideshow from the Kaiser Family Foundation explains how Medicaid works now and what is at stake as policymakers in Washington consider converting program financing to a block grant or per capita cap. The 3-minute video describes how Medicaid is financed under current law, whom it covers and…
This video provides an overview of the people covered by Medicaid and how Medicaid funds are distributed across enrollment groups and on a per enrollee basis. The video also highlights the implications of reducing federal Medicaid funds through a block grant or per capita cap.
Proposals to transition Medicaid a block grant or per capita cap would reduce federal spending. To understand per capita cap proposals, it is helpful to understand variation in per enrollee spending and per enrollee spending growth across states and enrollment groups. A per capita cap policy could lock in historic variation. This data note uses interactive maps and tables to show variation in per enrollee spending and spending growth by state and eligibility group.
On Thursday, February 23, the Kaiser Family Foundation will host a web briefing for journalists to explain how block grant and per capita cap spending proposals for Medicaid would work and what the possible implications are.
Research on the effects of Medicaid expansions under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) can help increase understanding of how the ACA has impacted coverage; access to care, utilization, affordability, and health outcomes; and various economic outcomes, including state budgets, the payer mix for hospitals and clinics, and the employment and labor market. This summary reviews findings from 108 studies of the impact of state Medicaid expansions under the ACA published between January 2014 (when the coverage provisions of the ACA went into effect) and January 2017.
This brief outlines Medicaid’s role for Medicare beneficiaries. It describes the role that Medicaid plays for 10 million Medicare beneficiaries to help inform upcoming debates about proposals to restructure Medicaid financing in ways that could reduce federal funding.
This brief provides an overview of work status of non-disabled, adult Medicaid enrollees and examines some of the policy proposals around tying Medicaid coverage to work. It finds that, among non-disabled, non-elderly Medicaid adults (including parents and childless adults — the group targeted by the Medicaid expansion) nearly 8 in 10 live in working families, and a majority are working themselves. However, nearly half of working Medicaid enrollees are employed by small firms, and many work in industries with low ESI offer rates. Among those who were not working, most report major impediments to their ability to work. Under current law, states cannot impose a work requirement as a condition of Medicaid eligibility, but some states have sought to impose a work requirement for the Medicaid expansion population through waivers. The issue of work requirements may be re-examined by the new administration and may be debated in Congress as part of broader efforts to restructure Medicaid financing and core federal requirements.
Section 1115 Medicaid demonstration waivers provide states an avenue to test new approaches in Medicaid that differ from federal program rules. Waivers can provide states considerable flexibility in how they operate their programs, beyond what is available under current law, and can have a significant impact on program financing. This brief answers key questions about Section 1115 waiver authority, the current landscape of demonstration waivers and what to watch going forward.
This brief reviews children’s coverage today and examines what is at stake for children’s coverage in upcoming debates around CHIP funding, repeal and replacement of the ACA, and Medicaid restructuring.