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5 Key Questions: Medicaid Block Grants & Per Capita Caps

Medicaid covers more than 70 million low-income children, pregnant women, adults, seniors, and people with disabilities in the United States. The program represents $1 out of every $6 spent on health care in the US and is the major source of financing for states to provide coverage for the health and long-term needs of low-income residents. President Trump and other GOP leaders have called for fundamental changes in the structure and financing of Medicaid. This brief outlines five key questions to consider as the debate moves forward as well as some potential implications of these changes for states, beneficiaries and providers.

Current Flexibility in Medicaid: An Overview of Federal Standards and State Options

The Trump Administration and new Congress have indicated that they will seek to cap Medicaid financing through a block grant or per capita cap, reduce federal funding for the program, and offer states increased flexibility to manage their programs within this more limited financing structure. The size of the federal reductions as well as which federal program standards would remain in place and what increased flexibility might be provided to states under such proposals would have significant implications. To help inform discussion around increased flexibility, this brief provides an overview of current federal standards and state options in Medicaid and how states have responded to these options in four key areas: eligibility, benefits, premiums and cost sharing, and provider payments and delivery systems.

Linking Medicaid and Supportive Housing: Opportunities and On-the-Ground Examples

There is evidence that supportive housing can contribute to improved outcomes for people experiencing homelessness or at risk of homelessness. It can also advance community integration of seniors and people with disabilities. Medicaid does not pay for room and board, but it can pay for many housing-related services for Medicaid beneficiaries. This issue brief discusses how Medicaid can support integrated strategies and profiles three initiatives that illustrate different approaches to linking Medicaid and supportive housing.

New Fact Sheets Highlight the Role and Reach of Medicaid in Every State

A new collection of state Medicaid fact sheets highlights the role and reach of the nation’s public health insurance program for people with low income, which covers more than 70 million Americans, many with complex and costly health conditions. The fact sheets for each state are accessible via an interactive…

Medicaid State Fact Sheets

What percentage of people are covered by Medicaid in your state? Our State Medicaid fact sheets provide a snapshot with key data for Medicaid in every state related to current coverage, access and financing. This basic overview provides context for any policy proposals such as Medicaid block grants or per capita caps.

Data Note: Estimated Medicaid Savings in the House Budget Resolution from March 2016

While the current Budget Resolution under consideration will set the framework for a repeal of the ACA, the Budget Resolution that passed in March 2016 provides insight into other Medicaid cuts that could be considered by Congress later this year. This Data Note examines proposed reductions in federal Medicaid funding under the March 2016 House Budget Resolution.

Where Are States Today? Medicaid and CHIP Eligibility Levels for Children, Pregnant Women, and Adults

This fact sheet provides an overview of eligibility levels for children, pregnant women, parents, and other non-disabled adults in Medicaid and CHIP. The data are based on eligibility levels reported by states as of January 2017. The findings highlight Medicaid’s continued role as a primary source of coverage for children and pregnant women and its expanded role for low-income adults under the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Community Health Centers: Recent Growth and the Role of the ACA

This brief draws on federal data and our 2016 survey of health centers to provide a 2015 profile of health centers, analyze recent changes in patient coverage and service capacity, and compare health centers in Medicaid expansion and non-expansion states. It also considers the implications of a repeal of the ACA for health centers and the low-income communities they serve.

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in Menlo Park, California.